Mezgitkale

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Mezgitkale
Mezgitkale, Mersin Province, Turkey.jpg
Mezgitkale is located in Turkey
Mezgitkale
Shown within Turkey
Alternative name Korkusuz kral mezarı
(Mausoleum of fearless king)
Location Mersin Province, Turkey
Region Cilicia Trachea
Coordinates 36°28′2″N 34°1′37″E / 36.46722°N 34.02694°E / 36.46722; 34.02694Coordinates: 36°28′2″N 34°1′37″E / 36.46722°N 34.02694°E / 36.46722; 34.02694
Type Mausoleum
Site notes
Condition In ruins

Mezgitkale is a 2nd- or 3rd-century mausoleum in Mersin Province of Turkey.

Geography

Mezgitkale (also known as Korkusuz Kral Mezarı “Mausoleum of fearless king” ) is a small mousaleum near Öztürkmenli village in Silifke district. It is situated in the 500 metres (1,600 ft) high plateau to the south of Toros Mountains. It is accessible from Atakent on the Mediterranean shore. Distance to Silifke is 27 kilometres (17 mi) and to Mersin is 80 kilometres (50 mi)

History

Although the Turkish suffix -kale means fort, this building is actually a mausoleum. Also, contarary to popular belief it is not a mausoleum of a king. It was built by an eminent Roman citizen (probably a land owner) for his family. The building was used as a tomb for about two centuries.[1] Then it was abandoned during the Byzantine era. During Ottoman era, the building was used as a house and a furnace was added to the original building.

Technical details

The dimensions of the square building are 7.8 x 7.8 m2 (25.6 x 25.6 ft2). The entrance with four Corinth type columns and corbels is at the south. On the north wall there are reliefs of a shield, a sword and two scorpions. On the west wall there is a relief (now partially damaged) of a phallus probably dedicated to Priapos. Next to the moselaum, there is a stone carved cistern with dimensions 5 x 20 x 8 m3 ( 16.4 x 65 x 26 ft3).[1] According to Ministry of Culture and Tourism, there was also an olive oil workshop.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Silifke governor’s page (in Turkish) Archived 2012-02-26 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Haydar Dönmez-Candaş Keskin: Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı, 27. Araştırma Sonuçları Cilt 3 sf. 101
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