Glossary of mammalian dental topography

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Many different terms have been proposed for features of the tooth crown in mammals.

Upper teeth

Name Nomenclature term is used in Definition Comments Image
Anterolingual conule Reig (1977)[1] A conule on the lingual side of an anterocone divided by an anteromedian flexus or fossette
Anteromedian flexus Reig (1977)[1] A longitudinal flexus dividing the anterocone into anterolabial and anterolingual conules
Anterolabial conule Reig (1977)[1] A conule on the labial side of an anterocone divided by an anteromedian flexus or fossette
Anterocone Reig (1977)[1] A cusp at the front of the tooth that may be divided into anterolabial and anterolingual conules
Protostyle Reig (1977)[1] A style in front of the protocone, in the protoflexus
Protoflexus Reig (1977)[1] A flexus between the protocone and the anterolingual conule
Anterior mure Reig (1977)[1] A crest connecting the anterocone to the protocone
Protocone Reig (1977)[1] One of the main cusps, at the anterolingual side
Enterostyle Reig (1977)[1] A style between the protocone and the hypocone, in the hypoflexus
Enteroloph Reig (1977)[1] A crest connecting the enterostyle to the mesocone
Hypoflexus Reig (1977)[1] A flexus between the protocone and the hypocone
Mesocone Reig (1977)[1] A conule in the median mure where the mesoloph is attached to it
Median mure Reig (1977)[1] A crest connecting the protocone/paracone to the hypocone/metacone
Hypocone Reig (1977)[1] One of the main cusps, at the posterolingual side
Procingulum Reig (1977)[1] The front part of the tooth, before the anterior mure
Anteroflexus Reig (1977)[1] A flexus between the anteroloph and the anterolabial conule
Anteroloph Reig (1977)[1] A crest between the paracone and the anterolabial conule that may be connecting to a parastyle
Parastyle Reig (1977)[1] A style in front of the paracone
Paraflexus Reig (1977)[1] A flexus in front of the paracone
Protolophule Reig (1977)[1] A small crest in the paraflexus, connected to the protocone
Paraloph Reig (1977)[1] A crest attaching the paracone to the protocone or the median mure
Paracone Reig (1977)[1] One of the main cusps, at the anterolabial side
Paralophule Reig (1977)[1] A small crest attached to the back side of the paracone
Mesoflexus Reig (1977)[1] A flexus between the mesoloph and the paracone
Mesostyle Reig (1977)[1] A style at the labial margin between the paracone and metacone
Mesoloph Reig (1977)[1] A crest in front of the metaflexus, connected to the median mure
Metaflexus Reig (1977)[1] A flexus in front of the metacone
Metalophule Reig (1977)[1] A small crest attached to the front side of the metacone
Metacone Reig (1977)[1] One of the main cusps, at the posterolabial side
Metaloph Reig (1977)[1] A crest attaching the paracone to the hypocone
Posteroflexus Reig (1977)[1] A flexus between the posteroloph and the metacone
Posterostyle Reig (1977)[1] A crest on the posterolabial corner of the molar
Posteroloph Reig (1977)[1] A crest at the back of the molar, connected to the hypocone

Lower teeth

Name Nomenclature term is used in Definition Comments Image
Anterolingual conulid Reig (1977)[1] A conulid on the lingual side of an anteroconid divided by an anteromedian flexid or fossettid
Anteromedian flexid Reig (1977)[1] A longitudinal flexid dividing the anteroconid into anterolabial and anterolingual conules
Anterolabial conulid Reig (1977)[1] A conulid on the labial side of an anteroconid divided by an anteromedian flexid or fossettid
Anteroconid Reig (1977)[1] A cusp at the front of the tooth that may be divided into anterolabial and anterolingual conulids
Anterolabial cingulum Reig (1977)[1] A crest before the protoconid and protoflexid
Protostylid Reig (1977)[1] A stylid in front of the protoconid, in the protoflexid
Protoflexid Reig (1977)[1] A flexid between the protoconid and the anterolabial conulid
Anterior murid Reig (1977)[1] A crest connecting the anteroconid to the protoconid
Protoconid Reig (1977)[1] One of the main cusps, at the anterolabial side
Ectostylid Reig (1977)[1] A stylid between the protoconid and the hypoconid, in the hypoflexid
Ectolophid Reig (1977)[1] A crest connecting the ectostylid to the mesoconid
Hypoflexid Reig (1977)[1] A flexid between the protoconid and the hypoconid
Mesoconid Reig (1977)[1] A conulid in the median murid where the mesolophid is attached to it
Median murid Reig (1977)[1] A crest connecting the protoconid/metaconid to the hypoconid/entoconid
Hypoconid Reig (1977)[1] One of the main cusps, at the posterolabial side
Procingulum Reig (1977)[1] The front part of the tooth, before the anterior murid
Anteroflexid Reig (1977)[1] A flexid between the anterolophid and the anterolingual conulid
Anterolophid Reig (1977)[1] A crest between the metaconid and the anterolabial conulid that may be connecting to a metastylid
Metastylid Reig (1977)[1] A stylid in front of the metaconid
Metaflexid Reig (1977)[1] A flexid in front of the metaconid
Protolophulid Reig (1977)[1] A small crest in the mesoflexid, connected to the protoconid
Metalophid Reig (1977)[1] A crest attaching the metaconid to the protoconid or the anterior murid
Metaconid Reig (1977)[1] One of the main cusps, at the anterolingual side
Metalophulid Reig (1977)[1] A small crest attached to the back side of the metaconid
Mesoflexid Reig (1977)[1] A flexid between the mesolophid and the paraconid
Mesostylid Reig (1977)[1] A stylid at the labial margin between the metaconid and entoconid
Mesolophid Reig (1977)[1] A crest in front of the entoflexid, connected to the median murid
Entoflexid Reig (1977)[1] A flexid in front of the entoconid
Entolophulid Reig (1977)[1] A small crest attached to the front side of the entoconid
Entoconid Reig (1977)[1] One of the main cusps, at the posterolingual side
Entolophid Reig (1977)[1] A crest attaching the entoconid to the hypoconid or median murid
Posteroflexid Reig (1977)[1] A flexid between the posterolophid and the metaconid
Hypolophulid Reig (1977)[1] A small crest in the posteroflexid attached to the posterolophid
Posterostylid Reig (1977)[1] A crest on the posterolingual corner of the molar
Posterolophid Reig (1977)[1] A crest at the back of the molar, connected to the hypoconid

References

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Literature cited

  • Reig, O.A. 1977. A proposed unified nomenclature for the enamelled components of the molar teeth of the Cricetidae (Rodentia) (subscription only). Journal of Zoology, London 181:227–241.
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