Melbourne Park

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Coordinates: 37°49′22″S 144°58′48″E / 37.82267°S 144.98005°E / -37.82267; 144.98005

The Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct with Melbourne Park being situated between Yarra Park and the MCG to the left and AAMI Park and Olympic Park to the right

Melbourne Park is a sports venue in the Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Since 1988, Australian's bicentenary, Melbourne Park has been home of the Australian Open Grand Slam tennis tournament, which is played annually in January. The park has facilities capable of hosting basketball, netball, music concerts and other events. In the past Melbourne Park has hosted ice skating, cycling, international swimming and motorsport events.

Melbourne Park is owned by Melbourne & Olympic Parks, which also runs the adjacent Melbourne Rectangular Stadium. The Yarra Park section of the Sports and Entertainment Precinct is run separately.

History

Melbourne Park was built in 1988 beside the Jolimont Yard as a new precinct to host the Australian Open. The previous venue, Kooyong Lawn Tennis Club, had become too small for the burgeoning tournament. Melbourne Park's construction was completed in 1988 at a cost of at least $94 million.[1] The unveiling of the new precinct was met with incredibly positive reviews by players and spectators, with some labelling the facilities and amenities the best of the four Grand Slams.[2] Expansion of the precinct next occurred in 1996, when a further $23 million was invested to create two fully seated and larger show courts and eight new ‘Ace’ courts, as well as a large grassy space, now known as ‘Garden Square’.[3]

The park was originally known as Flinders Park until 1996, when then-Premier, Jeff Kennett decided to rename it Melbourne Park, mainly to advertise the name "Melbourne" to a wide international audience. The decision was met with strong opposition, and was compared by some to renaming Stade Roland Garros (home to the French Open in Paris) "Paris Park". However, over the years, the name has become accepted by Melburnians.[3]

The organisation responsible for managing the precinct is the Melbourne & Olympic Parks Trust,[4] which was established in October 1995 in accordance with the provisions of the amended Melbourne & Olympic Parks Act 1985. In April 2018, Tennis Australia revealed it harboured ambitions to take over management rights of the entire precinct, with the hope of maximising its use for other sporting and cultural events outside of the Australian Open.[5]

Events

While it is best known for being a tennis venue, Melbourne Park also plays host to a number of other sports and musical events throughout the year. The venue tends to be used by more popular international performers, as it is the largest the city has to offer, excluding the Docklands Stadium in the Docklands and the nearby Melbourne Cricket Ground.

Aside from the Australian Open, which typically attracts crowds in excess of 700,000, other sports to be played regularly at Melbourne Park's arenas include netball (Super Netball teams Melbourne Vixens and Collingwood Magpies play home matches at Melbourne Arena and Margaret Court Arena) and basketball (National Basketball League team Melbourne United play home matches at Hisense Arena). More infrequently events like the UCI Track Cycling World Championships and ice hockey exhibition matches have been held at Melbourne Park.

Rod Laver Arena and Margaret Court Arena are the two venues most commonly used for music concerts.

Arenas

Melbourne Park is the only Grand Slam tennis venue to have three courts installed with a retractable roof, allowing play to continue in the event of rain or extreme heat. All three stadium courts/arenas are multi-purpose, being used for a variety of other sporting and musical events during the year, outside of their Australian Open commitments in January. In total there are 35 outdoor Plexicushion tennis courts at Melbourne Park.[4]

Rod Laver Arena

Rod Laver Arena

Formerly known as Centre Court, Rod Laver Arena has a capacity of nearly 15,000 and has a retractable roof. The arena was opened in 1988 prior to that year's championships and was originally known as the National Tennis Centre at Flinders Park.[2][6] It was not until January 2000 that the arena was named after one of the greatest Australian tennis players, Rod Laver.[7]

Rod Laver Arena has played host to some of the most memorable tennis matches, such as:

  • Rafael Nadal vs. Roger Federer (2009 & 2017 finals) – The Federer-Nadal rivalry includes two finals at the Australian Open, each eight years apart and shared equally between the pair. Both went to five sets and are considered classics. The 2009 final was particularly noteworthy for Federer's tears during the post-match presentation.[8]
  • Novak Djokovic vs. Rafael Nadal (2012 final) – Considered one of the greatest matches ever, Djokovic clinched his third Australian Open title in a near-six hour epic, defeating Nadal 7-5 in the fifth set. It was the longest final in Grand Slam history, lasting 5 hours 53 minutes and eclipsing the previous record set by Mats Wilander and Ivan Lendl at the 1988 US Open final.[9]
  • Lleyton Hewitt vs. Roger Federer (2003 Davis Cup semi-final) – Labelled "one of the greatest comebacks in Australia's long Davis Cup history," Hewitt defeated a still rising Federer, 5-7 2-6 7-6 (7-4) 7-5 6-1 before a raucous Melbourne crowd and booked Australia's place in the final.[10]

Melbourne Arena

Melbourne Arena

The second largest court is Melbourne Arena (originally known as the Multi-Purpose Venue, as it was referred to during the 2006 Commonwealth Games), which was opened in 2000. It has a capacity of 10,500, and also has a retractable roof. Completed in 2000 for a cost of $65 million, the arena has hosted a wide variety of sporting and other events since its inception including boxing bouts such as Anthony Mundine vs. Lester Ellis, as well as Grand Finals in netball and basketball and concerts performed by Scissor Sisters, BB King, Nicki Minaj and One Direction.[11]

During the Australian Open, Melbourne Arena hosts numerous day and night matches up to the end of the fourth round. Most notably it is the venue of the longest women's singles match in a Grand Slam. Francesca Schiavone defeated Svetlana Kuznetsova 6-4 1-6 16-14 in four hours and forty-four minutes at the fourth round of the 2011 Australian Open.[12] Melbourne Arena has been accessible for Australian Open patrons with a ground pass (i.e.: cheapest form of ticketing available) since 2015 and subsequently the arena has developed a reputation for being, like most outdoor courts, an incredibly passionate venue with terrific atmosphere, particularly when Australians are playing on the court.[13][14]

Margaret Court Arena

Margaret Court Arena

Formerly known as Show Court 1, Margaret Court Arena was opened in 1988 along with the Melbourne Park precinct. Originally seating 6,000 spectators, the arena underwent a renovation which increased the capacity to 7,500 and added a retractable roof – the fastest of its kind in the world, opening or closing in just five minutes.[15] The redevelopment was completed prior to the 2015 Australian Open.[16] The arena is also used for regular music concerts and is one of the two home courts of Super Netball team the Melbourne Vixens.

Conjecture over the name of the arena has caused significant debate in Australian society. Named in honour of Margaret Court, statistically Australia's greatest Grand Slam singles player, Court has sparked controversy over her public views on LGBT issues. As recently as 2017 there were calls from several public figures for the arena's name to be changed.[17][18]

Show Courts

Aside from a further 35 match day and practice courts,[4] some of which have temporary standing attached to them for the Australian Open, there are two Show Courts at Melbourne Park (named Show Court 2 and Show Court 3), each with a permanent seating capacity of approximately 3,000.[19] Like all the other tennis courts at Melbourne Park, these show courts remain as tennis courts throughout the year and are available for use by the general public.

Redevelopments

The Melbourne Park Master Plan has been the process by which the precinct has undergone three significant stages of redevelopment since 2010. The Stage 1 redevelopment included the construction of a new Eastern Plaza to host an elite tennis training facility and a new bridge linking Melbourne Park to the nearby AAMI Park stadium and Olympic Park Oval, as well as an upgrade to Margaret Court Arena. The Eastern Plaza Tennis Training Facility, which was later named the National Tennis Centre and features eight indoor and 13 outdoor courts (including eight European-style clay courts) was unveiled in January 2013.[20][21] Margaret Court Arena (which had its seating capacity expanded to 7,500 and a retractable roof installed) was opened ahead of the 2015 Australian Open.[22] The cost of the Stage 1 redevelopment was $366 million.[23]

Stage 2 of the redevelopment began in earnest June 2015, when it was announced that Rod Laver Arena would undergo a redevopment of its exterior facade and interior features, such as bars and other player facilities.[24][25] The broader second stage upgrade included a new footbridge linking Melbourne Park and Birrarung Marr and an Administration and Media Building, to house Tennis Australia and Melbourne & Olympic Parks Trust headquarters. The new footbridge, named Tanderrum Bridge, was unveiled in December 2016 and the Administration and Media Building was completed two months earlier.[26][27] The Rod Laver Arena refurbishment is expected to be completed by mid-2019.[25] The Stage 2 redevelopment costs $338 million.[23]

The final phase of redevelopment - Stage 3 - was announced in April 2017 by the Victorian Government. A further $271.3 million will be invested to complete upgrades for Melbourne Park. The third stage will feature:[28][23]

  • A new multi-purpose 5,000-seat sunken show court and arena
  • Central terrace with a new elevated outdoor public space
  • New function centre
  • A media centre and broadcast studios
  • Central kitchen, loading dock and logistics hub
  • Two additional match courts to the north of the park

Construction of this stage will begin at the conclusion of the Rod Laver Arena redevelopment (see above), likely in 2019.[28][23] Overall, more than $950 million is being spent on the multi-year redevelopment of the Melbourne Park precinct and completion of all works at the precinct is not expected to finish until around 2020-22.

Transport and access

Melbourne Park is adjacent to the Melbourne Cricket Ground in Yarra Park, and there are several pedestrian bridges linking the two across the separating railway lines. The park is five minutes walk from Richmond and Jolimont railway stations, and five minutes from the city centre by tram (route 70) or ten minutes on foot.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Melbourne Park". Austadiums. 12 January 2014.
  2. ^ a b Colebatch, Tim (12 January 1988). "Melbourne's state-of-the-art tennis centre is a knockout". The Age. Melbourne, Australia. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  3. ^ a b "10Best: The History of Melbourne Park, Home of the Australian Open". USA Today. 1 December 2012.
  4. ^ a b c "Overview". Melbourne & Olympic Parks Trust. 1 January 2016.
  5. ^ "Tennis Australia confirms $1 billion bid to revitalise Melbourne Park". Courier Mail. 23 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Looking back at the Australian Open from Kooyong to Melbourne Park". Herald Sun. 18 January 2013.
  7. ^ "Centre court named after Laver". New Straits Times. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 22 December 1999. p. 43. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  8. ^ "Nadal Defeats a Tearful Federer in Australia". The New York Times. 1 February 2009.
  9. ^ Eckstein, Jeremy (17 February 2012). "Novak Djokovic vs. Rafael Nadal: Why Aussie Open Final Is Greatest Match Ever". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  10. ^ "Hewitt beats Federer". The Age. 21 September 2003.
  11. ^ "History". Hisense Arena. 1 January 2017.
  12. ^ "Schiavone wins a record-breaking, three set marathon". The Sydney Morning Herald. 23 January 2011.
  13. ^ "The people's court or the tennis court?". The Sydney Morning Herald. 1 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Andy Murray enjoyed 'great atmosphere' on Hisense". Eurosport. 20 January 2017.
  15. ^ "History". Margaret Court Arena. 1 January 2017.
  16. ^ "Margaret Court Arena to weatherproof Australian Open". Tennis Australia. 21 July 2014.
  17. ^ "Martina, PM weigh in on Court". The Australian. 26 May 2017.
  18. ^ "Margaret Court Arena: former premier John Cain says name should stay". The Age. 27 May 2017.
  19. ^ "Event Guide". 2014 Australian Open (IBM). 4 November 2013. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013.
  20. ^ "National Tennis Centre delivered a year ahead of schedule". Major Projects Victoria. 14 January 2013.
  21. ^ "National Tennis Centre". Only Melbourne. 1 January 2015.
  22. ^ "Australian Open could be played entirely indoors, as Margaret Court Arena gets retractable roof". ABC News. 4 January 2015.
  23. ^ a b c d "Melbourne Park Redevelopment". Development Victoria.
  24. ^ "Rod Laver Arena plans unveiled". SBS. 2 June 2015.
  25. ^ a b "Upgrading Rod Laver Arena". Rod Laver Arena. 1 July 2016.
  26. ^ "History Made As Tanderrum Bridge Opens". premier.vic.gov.au. 22 December 2016. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017.
  27. ^ "Melbourne Park Administration and Media Building". Built Projects. 1 November 2016.
  28. ^ a b "Melbourne Park To Remain Ultimate Sporting And Entertainment Precinct". Tennis Tour Talk. 23 April 2017. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017.

External links

  • Melbourne & Olympic Parks official website
  • Melbourne Park Map – 2016 Australian Open Tournament Mode
  • Australian Open official website
  • Melbourne Park at Austadiums
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