McKinley County, New Mexico

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McKinley County, New Mexico
McKinley County New Mexico Court House.jpg
McKinley County Courthouse in Gallup
Seal of McKinley County, New Mexico
Seal
Map of New Mexico highlighting McKinley County
Location in the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded January 1, 1901
Named for William McKinley
Seat Gallup
Largest city Gallup
Area
 • Total 5,455 sq mi (14,128 km2)
 • Land 5,450 sq mi (14,115 km2)
 • Water 5.5 sq mi (14 km2), 0.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 74,923
 • Density 13/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional districts 2nd, 3rd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.co.mckinley.nm.us

McKinley County is a county in the northwestern section of the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 71,492.[1] Its county seat is Gallup.[2] The county was created in 1901 and named for President William McKinley.[3]

McKinley County is Gallup's micropolitan statistical area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,455 square miles (14,130 km2), of which 5,450 square miles (14,100 km2) is land and 5.5 square miles (14 km2) (0.1%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 12,963
1920 13,731 5.9%
1930 20,643 50.3%
1940 23,641 14.5%
1950 27,451 16.1%
1960 37,209 35.5%
1970 43,208 16.1%
1980 56,449 30.6%
1990 60,686 7.5%
2000 74,798 23.3%
2010 71,492 −4.4%
Est. 2016 74,923 [5] 4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census,[10] there were 74,798 people, 21,476 households, and 16,686 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 26,718 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 74.72% Native American, 16.39% White, 0.46% Asian, 0.40% Black or African American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.47% from other races, and 2.52% from two or more races. 12.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 21,476 households out of which 46.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.70% were married couples living together, 22.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.30% were non-families. 19.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.44 and the average family size was 3.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 38.00% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 17.60% from 45 to 64, and 6.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,005, and the median income for a family was $26,806. Males had a median income of $26,963 versus $21,014 for females. The per capita income for the county was $9,872. About 31.90% of families and 36.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.30% of those under age 18 and 31.50% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States.

McKinley County is one of only 38 county-level census divisions of the United States where the most spoken language is not English and one of only 3 where it is neither English nor Spanish. 45.75% of the population speak Navajo at home, followed by English at 38.87%, Zuñi at 9.03%, and Spanish at 5.72%.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 71,492 people, 21,968 households, and 16,219 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 13.1 inhabitants per square mile (5.1/km2). There were 25,813 housing units at an average density of 4.7 per square mile (1.8/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 75.5% American Indian, 15.2% white, 0.8% Asian, 0.5% black or African American, 4.9% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 13.3% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, and 1.4% were American.[13]

Of the 21,968 households, 46.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 24.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.2% were non-families, and 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.22 and the average family size was 3.82. The median age was 30.7 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $31,335 and the median income for a family was $37,345. Males had a median income of $31,527 versus $26,236 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,932. About 26.6% of families and 33.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.0% of those under age 18 and 31.3% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Communities

City

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 23.5% 5,104 62.6% 13,576 13.9% 3,023
2012 25.3% 5,546 72.2% 15,841 2.5% 542
2008 27.5% 6,382 71.4% 16,572 1.1% 253
2004 35.6% 7,351 63.3% 13,051 1.1% 221
2000 31.9% 5,070 64.8% 10,281 3.3% 528
1996 28.8% 4,470 65.2% 10,124 6.0% 932
1992 30.4% 4,720 60.6% 9,405 9.1% 1,406
1988 36.8% 5,694 62.0% 9,595 1.2% 178
1984 44.8% 6,557 54.1% 7,915 1.2% 171
1980 56.7% 7,329 37.6% 4,869 5.7% 736
1976 39.8% 4,617 59.1% 6,856 1.0% 120
1972 49.7% 5,366 47.5% 5,124 2.8% 299
1968 45.7% 4,376 46.9% 4,491 7.4% 706
1964 29.7% 2,965 69.1% 6,913 1.2% 122
1960 43.1% 4,262 56.6% 5,599 0.3% 32
1956 57.0% 4,450 42.6% 3,331 0.4% 30
1952 49.8% 3,091 49.9% 3,097 0.3% 19
1948 41.0% 2,109 58.2% 2,995 0.9% 45
1944 41.1% 1,547 58.8% 2,210 0.1% 3
1940 40.2% 1,701 59.7% 2,525 0.1% 6
1936 35.6% 1,404 64.1% 2,526 0.4% 14
1932 39.4% 1,373 60.1% 2,096 0.6% 20
1928 62.2% 2,075 37.4% 1,247 0.4% 13
1924 51.2% 1,653 35.7% 1,150 13.1% 423
1920 60.0% 1,525 38.9% 989 1.1% 27
1916 54.6% 669 44.9% 550 0.6% 7
1912 36.1% 264 30.6% 224 33.3% 244

See also

In popular culture

McKinley County was featured in Breaking Bad Season 5 in reference to being an area of no contact for a train carrying chemicals, and a plan to rob the train by the protagonists of the series Walter White, Jesse Pinkman and their partner Mike Ehrmantraut. However, the scene was shot on the Santa Fe Southern Railway in central Santa Fe County.

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved September 30, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ "New Mexico: Consolidated Chronology of State and County Boundaries". New Mexico Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Coordinates: 35°35′N 108°16′W / 35.58°N 108.26°W / 35.58; -108.26

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