May 1935

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The following events occurred in May 1935:

May 1, 1935 (Wednesday)

May 2, 1935 (Thursday)

May 3, 1935 (Friday)

  • A worldwide peace broadcast, the first of its kind, was held to honor Jane Addams. Representatives of Britain, Japan, Russia and France gathered in Washington's McPherson Square to introduce speakers broadcasting from their respective countries. Addams herself participated by speaking from a radio broadcasting studio as well.[3]

May 4, 1935 (Saturday)

May 5, 1935 (Sunday)

May 6, 1935 (Monday)

May 7, 1935 (Tuesday)

  • Italy mobilized three more divisions.[9]
  • Liberia had a constitutional referendum alongside general elections. The referendum confirmed special legislation approving a term extendion for the President.
  • Born: Isobel Warren, author and journalist, in Canada

May 8, 1935 (Wednesday)

May 9, 1935 (Thursday)

  • The British government ordered aircraft manufacturers to increase their production to the fullest capacity and not to fill any foreign orders for aircraft without the Air Ministry's approval.[11]
  • The John Ford-directed drama film The Informer was released.

May 10, 1935 (Friday)

  • King George V and Queen Mary surprised their subjects by riding around the poorer districts of South London unannounced. The royal car was mobbed at several crossings by cheering crowds.[12]

May 11, 1935 (Saturday)

May 12, 1935 (Sunday)

May 13, 1935 (Monday)

May 14, 1935 (Tuesday)

May 15, 1935 (Wednesday)

  • The Moscow Metropolitan subway officially opened for public operation. Joseph Stalin made a speech thanking the men and women who completed the subway in record time.[19]
  • Italian newspapers began a campaign of words clearly meant to justify an Italian invasion and takeover of Ethiopia. Il Giornale d'Italia wrote that Ethiopia had an "incapacity to comprehend and assimilate the elementary values of civilization", making it necessary for the country to undergo "an organization which will deprive it of the possibility of menacing any more neighboring colonies – above all, Italian interests which have been attacked."[20]
  • Gustaaf Deloor of Belgium won the 1st first Vuelta a España bicycle race.

May 16, 1935 (Thursday)

May 17, 1935 (Friday)

May 18, 1935 (Saturday)

  • The Soviet airliner Tupolev ANT-20 Maxim Gorky collided with a stunt plane and exploded over Moscow, killing 49.[23] It was the worst air disaster involving a passenger plane in history up to that time.[24]
  • Serfdom was abolished in Ethiopia.[25]
  • Lithuanian President Antanas Smetona commuted to life imprisonment the death sentences of the four Memel Nazis convicted in March for plotting an uprising to return Memel to Germany.[26]

May 19, 1935 (Sunday)

May 20, 1935 (Monday)

  • Haile Selassie sent his most strongly-worded telegram yet to the League of Nations, saying "It is patent that Italy is illegally occupying an important part of Ethiopian territory. She has recently initiated a campaign of propaganda to endeavor to justify her occupation of Ethiopian territory as a mission of civilization, and her aggression and rapacity against our people as the treatment due a barbarous nation. No agreement will be possible by diplomatic means to arrange for a genuinely impartial examination in Italy's present state of mind."[29]
  • The Roger Babson statistical organization announced the results of a survey that indicated Franklin D. Roosevelt would win re-election in 1936, although nearly half of those surveyed said they had lost confidence in the New Deal.[30]
  • Born: José Mujica, 40th President of Uruguay, in Montevideo

May 21, 1935 (Tuesday)

May 22, 1935 (Wednesday)

  • Stanley Baldwin, admitting that Britain faced a "time of emergency", told the House of Commons that the Royal Air Force would be tripled in size over the next two years to give it 1,500 aircraft by 1937, the same number that Germany said it intended to have.[1] Baldwin acknowledged Hitler's speech of the previous day by saying its proposals would "receive the fullest and fairest consideration."[33]
  • President Roosevelt vetoed the Patman Bonus Bill. The president appeared before the House and gave his reasons for doing so, warning that it invited "an ultimate reckoning in uncontrollable prices and in the destruction of the value of savings, that will strike most cruelly those like the veterans who seem to be temporarily benefited."[34] The House then voted to override the presidential veto, 322 to 98, sending it back to the Senate.[35]
  • Germany called up all able-bodied males born in 1914 and 1915 for medical examinations starting June 1, for military service beginning November 1.[36]
  • Born: Barry Rogers, salsa musician and jazz fusion trombonist, in the Bronx, New York (d. 1991)

May 23, 1935 (Thursday)

  • The U.S. Senate sustained President Roosevelt's veto, 54-40.[37]
  • Hitler underwent a secret[38] operation to remove a polyp from his vocal folds. He would not make another public address for three months.[39]

May 24, 1935 (Friday)

May 25, 1935 (Saturday)

May 26, 1935 (Sunday)

  • Several were injured in a riot at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Paris. A group of Nationalists had gathered to see Maxime Weygand preside at a ceremony rekindling the tomb's eternal flame, cheering him on with shouts of "put Weygand in power!" The riot was set off by someone failing to doff their hat.[44]

May 27, 1935 (Monday)

May 28, 1935 (Tuesday)

May 29, 1935 (Wednesday)

May 30, 1935 (Thursday)

May 31, 1935 (Friday)

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Mercer, Derrik (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 452. ISBN 978-0-582-03919-3. 
  2. ^ a b "1935". MusicAndHistory. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Honor Jane Addams in World Broadcast in Interest of Peace". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 4, 1935. p. 8. 
  4. ^ "French Premier and Wife Hurt in Auto Smash". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 5, 1935. p. 8. 
  5. ^ "Omaha Wins the Kentucky Derby". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. May 5, 1935. p. 1. 
  6. ^ Wiskar, Nigel (August 21, 2013). "Flashback to coverage of the 1935 Cup Final when Castleford defeated Huddersfield". Daily Mirror. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Greece Decrees Death Sentence for Venizelos". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 6, 1935. p. 6. 
  8. ^ Steele, John (May 7, 1935). "King's Jubilee Makes London Carnival Town". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1. 
  9. ^ "Italy Mobilizes 3 New Divisions". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. May 7, 1935. p. 1. 
  10. ^ "Mexico-Newark Record for Amelia". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 9, 1935. p. 1. 
  11. ^ Steele, John (May 10, 1935). "Britain Clamps Ban on Sale of Planes Abroad". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 3. 
  12. ^ Steele, John (May 11, 1935). "British King and Queen Drive Out Among the Folks". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 7. 
  13. ^ "Omaha Wins Preakness by 6 Lengths". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. May 12, 1935. p. 1. 
  14. ^ "Nazis Build Air Raid Cellars for Ministries". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 12, 1935. p. 1. 
  15. ^ Steele, John (May 13, 1935). "King and Queen Ride Through London's Slums". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 6. 
  16. ^ "Tageseinträge für 13. Mai 1935". chroniknet. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  17. ^ "'Zion Protocols' Found False; 2 Nazis Convicted". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 15, 1935. p. 13. 
  18. ^ "Il Duce Warns All: Hands Off Ethiopian Feud". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 15, 1935. p. 1. 
  19. ^ "Tageseinträge für 15. Mai 1935". chroniknet. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Italians Demand New Control of Ethiopian Peril". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 16, 1935. p. 9. 
  21. ^ "Chronology 1935". indiana.edu. 2002. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  22. ^ Day, Donald (May 18, 1935). "Many Inured as 1,000,000 Poles Honor Pilsudski". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 5. 
  23. ^ "Midair Crash of Giant Liner Kills 49". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. May 19, 1935. p. 1. 
  24. ^ Haine, Edgar A. (2000). Disaster in the Air. Cornwall Books. p. 281. ISBN 978-0-8453-4777-5. 
  25. ^ "Ethiopia Frees Serfs; Reply to Italian Thrust". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 19, 1935. p. 1. 
  26. ^ "Nazi Sentences Are Commuted". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. May 18, 1935. p. 1. 
  27. ^ "Bring England to Catholicism, Pope Pleads". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 20, 1935. p. 1. 
  28. ^ "Tageseinträge für 19. Mai 1935". chroniknet. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  29. ^ Taylor, Edmond (May 21, 1935). "Demands Italy Be Halted in Warlike Acts". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 6. 
  30. ^ "Roosevelt Will Win In 1936, Babson's Survey Indicates". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. May 20, 1935. p. 3. 
  31. ^ a b "Hitler Offers 13 Point Plan to Calm Europe". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 22, 1935. pp. 1, 6. 
  32. ^ Richelson, Jeffery T. (1997). A Century of Spies: Intelligence in the Twentieth Century. Oxford University Press. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-19-511390-7. 
  33. ^ Steele, John (May 23, 1935). "Britain Replies to Hitler with Big War Program". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 11. 
  34. ^ Peters, Gerbhard; Woolley, John T. "Veto of the Bonus Bill". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  35. ^ "Bonus Would Destroy All Savings, Declares Roosevelt in his Veto". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. May 22, 1935. p. 1. 
  36. ^ "Germany Drafts War Babies Into New Army Nov. 1". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 23, 1935. p. 11. 
  37. ^ "Senate Sustains Roosevelt Bonus Veto, 54-40". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 24, 1935. p. 1. 
  38. ^ "Hitler Operate Upon Last Spring, Germany Reveals". Chicago Daily Tribune. August 26, 1935. p. 1. 
  39. ^ a b Görtemaker, Heike B. (2012). Eva Braun: Life With Hitler. New York: Vintage Books. pp. 93–94. ISBN 978-0-307-74260-5. 
  40. ^ "Heir to Danish Crown and Bride on Honeymoon". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 25, 1935. p. 20. 
  41. ^ Dyer, Mike (May 27, 2015). "Crosley Field hosted first night game 80 years ago Sunday". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  42. ^ "Avert War Between Italy and Ethiopia". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 25, 1935. p. 1. 
  43. ^ Zerby, Jack. "May 25, 1935: Ruth smashes 3 homers in final hurrah". SABR Baseball Games Project. Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  44. ^ "Riot in France for New Regime; Demand General". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 26, 1935. p. 3. 
  45. ^ Henning, Arthur Sears (May 28, 1935). "Court Kills NRA and Codes". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1. 
  46. ^ "Tageseinträge für 27. Mai 1935". chroniknet. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  47. ^ Gaffney, Denis (March 23, 2009). "The Story of the Dionne Quintuplets". PBS. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  48. ^ "Riot in Africa; Rush Troops; 6 Natives Slain". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 30, 1935. p. 1. 
  49. ^ "Babe Ruth's Last Game, on May 30, 1935". Misc. Baseball. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  50. ^ "A Historical Sketch of Baker Bowl". Philadelphia Athletics. July 23, 2002. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  51. ^ "28 Known Dead as Floods Hit Western Area". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 1, 1935. p. 1. 
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