Max Amann

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Max Amann
Bundesarchiv Bild 119-2186, Max Amann.jpg
Amann as an SS-Gruppenführer
Reich Media Chamber and Reich Press Leader
In office
November 1933 – 1945
Deputy Otto Dietrich
Personal details
Born (1891-11-24)24 November 1891
Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire
Died 30 March 1957(1957-03-30) (aged 65)
Munich, Bavaria, West Germany
Nationality German
Political party Nazi Party (NSDAP)
Occupation Business manager
Military service
Allegiance  German Empire
Branch/service  Imperial German Army
Rank Feldwebel
Unit Royal Bavarian 16th Infantry Regiment
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Iron Cross 2nd

Max Amann (24 November 1891 – 30 March 1957) was a German politician, businessman and a member of the Nazi Party. He was the first business manager of the Nazi Party and later became the head of Eher Verlag, the official Nazi Party publishing house. After the war ended, Amann was arrested by Allied troops. Amann was deemed a Hauptschuldiger (Prominent Guilty Party) and sentenced to ten years in a labour camp. He was released in 1953. Amann died in poverty on 30 March 1957, in Munich.


Amann was born in Munich on 24 November 1891. During the First World War he obtained the rank of Feldwebel (equivalent to the US Army staff sergeant) in the Royal Bavarian 16th Infantry Regiment. Amann was Adolf Hitler's company sergeant, and was thus an early acquaintance of Hitler long before his rise to prominence in German politics. He was awarded the Iron Cross second class during the war.[1]

Ernst Schmidt; Max Amann, Adolf Hitler {wearing Iron Cross 2d Class medals) with Fuchsl.

Amann joined the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in October 1921, as the Party's business manager, and held NSDAP membership number 3.[2] After 1922, he also led the Nazis' publishing house, Eher Verlag.[1] Eher Verlag published, among other imprints, the SS magazine Das Schwarze Korps. In 1924 he was elected as a NSDAP candidate to the Munich city council and in 1933 became a Nazi member of the Reichstag for the electoral district of Upper Bavaria/Swabia. Amann's most notable contribution was persuading Hitler to retitle his first book from Viereinhalb Jahre (des Kampfes) gegen Lüge, Dummheit und Feigheit, ("Four and a Half Years (of Struggle) Against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice") to Mein Kampf, ("My Struggle") which he also published. The book became a major source of Eher-Verlag's income and Amann oversaw the book through many editions. He helped Hitler become a wealthy man. Amann also enriched himself through many Nazi publications.[1] Amann published the daily Volkischer Beobachter, the weekly Illustrierter Beobachter and the Nationalsozialistische Monatshefte.[1]

In November 1933, Hitler named Amann the president of the Reich Media Chamber and Reich Press Leader.[1] He pursued a dual-pronged strategy to establish Nazi control over the industry. In his official role as president of the Media Chamber, Amann had the power to seize or close down any newspapers that did not fully support the Nazi regime. Then, as head of the Eher-Verlag, he bought them at a substantial discount–often at "auctions" at which the Eher-Verlag was the sole bidder.[3] By 1942, Amann controlled 80% of all German newspapers through his publishing empire.[4] Combined with the proceeds from Mein Kampf, this made the Eher-Verlag the largest newspaper and publishing company in Germany, and one of the largest in the world. His income increased from 108,000 RM in 1934 to 3,800,000 RM in 1944.[3]

He rose to the rank of SS-Obergruppenführer.[5] However, as a party official Amann lacked talent, being a poor speaker and debater. In addition, his handwriting was illegible, thus his Chief of Staff and deputy, Rolf Rienhardt, performed these duties for him. Poor handwriting can be attributed in part to the loss of his left arm in an accident with a firearm while hunting with Franz Ritter von Epp on 4 September 1931.[6]

Arrested by Allied troops after the war ended, Amann was deemed a Hauptschuldiger (Prominent Guilty Party) and sentenced to ten years in a labour camp on 8 September 1948.[5] He was released in 1953, but was stripped of his property, pension rights and practically all of his fortune. Amann died on 30 March 1957, in Munich.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e Snyder 1994, p. 6.
  2. ^ Zentner & Bedürftig 1997, p. 21.
  3. ^ a b Shirer, William L. (1960). The Rise And Fall Of The Third Reich: A History Of Nazi Germany. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-62420-0.
  4. ^ Zentner & Bedürftig 1997, pp. 21, 22.
  5. ^ a b c Zentner & Bedürftig 1997, p. 22.
  6. ^ Hale, p. 28


External links

Retrieved from ""
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia :
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Max Amann"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA