Mavis Mill

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Mavis
Mavis Mill, Coppull Chorley 0016.png
Mavis Mill is located in the Borough of Chorley
Mavis Mill
Location within the Borough of Chorley
Cotton
Spinning (ring mill)
Location Coppull, Chorley
Serving railway North Union Railway
Further ownership
Coordinates 53°37′38″N 2°39′46″W / 53.6272°N 2.6628°W / 53.6272; -2.6628Coordinates: 53°37′38″N 2°39′46″W / 53.6272°N 2.6628°W / 53.6272; -2.6628
Power
Date 1909
Engine maker J & E Wood
Engine type triple-expansion four-cylinder engine
Valve Gear Corliss valves
rpm 69
Flywheel diameter 26ft
Transmission type rope
No. of ropes 36
Boiler configuration
Pressure 200psi
References
[1]

Mavis Mill was a cotton spinning mill in Coppull, Chorley, Lancashire.

Mavis Mill was built in 1908 alongside the Coppull Ring Mill, which still survives under a change of use to an enterprise centre. The mill was taken over by the Lancashire Cotton Corporation in the 1930s, but was subsequently demolished to make a car park. The spinning machines were driven by a 2000 hp triple-expansion four-cylinder engine by J & E Wood, 1909, which had a 26 ft flywheel with 36 ropes.

Location

Coppull is a village and civil parish in Lancashire, England. It is part of the borough of Chorley, lies around 300 feet (91 m) above sea level and has a population of around 7,600. It is bounded by Whittle Brook, Clancutt Brook, the River Yarrow, Eller Brook, Hic-Bibi Brook and Stars Brook. Coppull is located between Chorley and Wigan, to the east of the A49 road near Charnock Richard. The village was 6 km from the Leeds and Liverpool Canal but was served from 1834 by the North Union Railway.

History

Coppull expanded greatly along with the rest of Lancashire during the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century. As well as the Cotton industry the town is situated on the Lancashire Coal Field. There were several major collieries located in the town during this era with notable collieries being Chisnall Hall and Ellerbeck. Mavis Mill, Coppull was built in 1906, with elaborate decoration. It was used to spin 10's to 24's counts for general manufacture.

The industry peaked in 1912 when it produced 8 billion yards of cloth. The great war of 1914- 1918 halted the supply of raw cotton, and the British government encouraged its colonys to build mills to spin and weave cotton. The war over, Lancashire never regained its markets. The independent mills were struggling. The Bank of England set up the Lancashire Cotton Corporation in 1929 to attempt to rationalise and save the industry.[2] Mavis Mill, Coppull was one of 104 mills bought by the LCC, and one of the 53 mills that survived through to 1950.

Architecture

Power

Driven by a 2000 hp triple-expansion four-cylinder engine by J & E Wood, 1909. At 69 rpm, it had a 26 ft flywheel running 36 ropes. It was steamed at 200psi. Its cylinders, 21"HP, 33"IP and two 37"LP had a 6 ft stroke. [3]

Equipment

Later extensions

Usage

Owners

Now the Coppull Enterprise Centre
  • Lancashire Cotton Corporation (1930's-1964)

Tenants

Notable events/media

See also

References

Notes

Bibliography

  • Dunkerley, Philip (2009). "Dunkerley-Tuson Family Website, The Regent Cotton Mill, Failsworth". Archived from the original on 2008-03-23. Retrieved 2009-01-09.
  • LCC (1951). The mills and organisation of the Lancashire Cotton Corporation Limited. Blackfriars House, Manchester: Lancashire Cotton Corporation Limited.
  • Roberts, A S (1921), "Arthur Robert's Engine List", Arthur Roberts Black Book., One guy from Barlick-Book Transcription, archived from the original on 2011-07-23, retrieved 2009-01-11

External links

  • www.cottontown.org
  • www.spinningtheweb.org.uk
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