Mauritanian People's Party

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Mauritanian People's Party
حزب الشعب الموريتاني
Parti du peuple mauritanien
Founder Moktar Ould Daddah
Founded November 1960 (November 1960)
Dissolved July 1978 (July 1978)
Preceded by PRM
AJM
Nahda
UNM
USMM
Headquarters Nouakchott, Mauritania
Political position Left-wing

Mauritanian People's Party (PPM, French Parti du peuple mauritanien; Arabic: حزب الشعب الموريتاني Hizb Al-Sha'ab Al-Muritaniy) was the sole legal party of Mauritania from 1961 to 1978. It was headed by President Moktar Ould Daddah.

Daddah founded the party shortly after Mauritania's independence from France in November 1960 by merging the former ruling party, the Mauritanian Regroupment Party, with opposition parties including Association de la Jeunesse Mauritanienne, Nahda, the Union National Mauritanienne, and the Union Socialiste des Musulmans Mauritaniens.[1] The parties were united at a meeting of their political leadership in December 1961, and Daddah proceeded to enact a range of repressive laws, banning alternative political parties and bestowing virtually unlimited power upon the Presidency.

Following the July 1978 coup led by Mustafa Ould Salek, Mauritania's civilian leadership was replaced with military rule and the party was abolished and banned.[2]

Election results

Presidential Elections

Election date Party candidate Number of votes received Percentage of votes
1966 Moktar Ould Daddah 471,577 100%
1971 Moktar Ould Daddah 512,708 100%
1976 Moktar Ould Daddah 630,635 100%

Parliamentary Elections

Election date Party leader Number of votes received Percentage of votes Number of seats
1965 Moktar Ould Daddah 445,844 100%
40 / 40
1971 Moktar Ould Daddah 504,406 100%
50 / 50
1975 Moktar Ould Daddah 574,758 100%
70 / 70
1976 Moktar Ould Daddah Not released 100%
70 / 70

References

  1. ^ Pazzanita, Anthony G (1996). Historical Dictionary of Mauritania (Second ed.). Scarecrow Press. p. 220. ISBN 9780810830950.
  2. ^ Abdel Wedoud Ould Cheikh: Sozialstrukturen und politische Macht in Mauretanien. In: inamo 61, Frühjahr 2010, S. 4f


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