Matthew 19

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Matthew 19
Papyrus71recto.jpg
Matthew 19:10-11 on the recto side of Papyrus 71, written c. AD 350.
Book Gospel of Matthew
Bible part New Testament
Order in the Bible part 1
Category Gospel

Matthew 19 is the nineteenth chapter in the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament section of the Christian Bible.[1] The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Matthew composed this Gospel.[2] Jesus continues his final journey to Jerusalem ministering through Perea. The narrative can be divided into the following subsections:

Text

Structure

This chapter can be grouped (with cross references to other parts of the Bible):

  • Matthew 19:1-10 = Marriage and Divorce (Mark 10:1-12)
  • Matthew 19:11-12 = Jesus Teaches on Celibacy
  • Matthew 19:13-15 = Jesus Blesses the Little Children (Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17)
  • Matthew 19:16-22 = Jesus Counsels the Rich Young Ruler (Mark 10:17-22; Luke 18:18-23)
  • Matthew 19:23-30 = With God All Things Are Possible (Mark 10:23-31; Luke 18:24-30)

Cross references

  • Matthew 19:4: Genesis 1:27; 5:2
  • Matthew 19:5: Genesis 2:24
  • Matthew 19:18: Exodus 20:13–16; Deuteronomy 5:17–20
  • Matthew 19:19: Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16; Leviticus 19:18

Places

The events recorded in this chapter took place in Galilee and Judea beyond the Jordan (Perea), before Jesus and his party later enter Jericho, on their way to Jerusalem. Jesus leaves Galilee at this stage in Matthew's narrative (Matthew 19:1): the Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary reflects that "few readers probably note it as the Redeemer's Farewell to Galilee".[3] He does not return there until after his resurrection from the dead. Subsequently, the announcement of the angels that Jesus has risen (Matthew 28:7), Jesus' own greeting to the women who meet him (Matthew 28:10) and the final words of Matthew's gospel, the final appearance of Jesus and his commission to "make disciples of all the nations" (Matthew 28:19) all refer back to the Galilee which Jesus leaves at this time.

In Matthew 19:15, after blessing the little children, Jesus "departed from there", but no indication is given of where he went.[4] The Jerusalem Bible renders this text as "[Jesus] went on his way".[5] The Pulpit Commentary confidently asserts that at this point Jesus "set out from Peraea, journeying towards Jerusalem",[6] and theologian John Gill agrees with this interpretation.[7] In Matthew 19:22 the rich young man "went away" from his encounter with Jesus, leaving Jesus to speak with his disciples about the difficulty faced by "a rich man [wishing] to enter the kingdom of heaven".

Arts

Rembrandt's Hundred Guilder Print depicting various events recorded in Matthew 19. 1649.

The events of this chapter are combined in Rembrandt's Hundred Guilder Print.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary, 23rd edition, Zondervan Publishing House, 1962
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary on Matthew 19, accessed 2 February 2017
  4. ^ Expositor's Greek Testament on Matthew 19, accessed 4 February 2017
  5. ^ Jerusalem Bible: Matthew 19:15
  6. ^ Pulpit Commentary on Matthew 19, accessed 4 February 2017
  7. ^ Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible on Matthew 19, accessed 4 February 2017
  8. ^ Hundred Guilder Print, Rijksmuseum. Retrieved 4 September 2011.

External links

  • Matthew 19 NIV


Preceded by
Matthew 18
Chapters of the New Testament
Gospel of Matthew
Succeeded by
Matthew 20
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