Matthew 14

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Matthew 14
Uncial 073 (Matthew 14,28-31).JPG
Gospel of Matthew 14:28-31 on Uncial 073, from 5th or 6th century.
Book Gospel of Matthew
Category Gospel
Christian Bible part New Testament
Order in the Christian part 1

Matthew 14 is the fourteenth chapter in the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament section of the Christian Bible. It continues the narrative about Jesus' ministry in Galilee.

Text

Originally written in Koine Greek, this chapter is divided into 36 verses.

Some early manuscripts containing this chapter are:

Structure

This chapter can be grouped (with cross references to parallel passages in the other gospels):

The reaction of Herod Antipas (14:1–12)

Herod Antipas (Herod the tetrarch) was the son of Herod who was king when Jesus was born (Matthew 2:1) and reigned over Galilee when Jesus performed his ministry in the area (cf. Mark 6:14-29; Luke 9:7-9; 3:19-20).[1] His 'tender conscience over the reluctant execution of John the Baptist made him treating the report of Jesus' miracles with a 'bizarre idea' that Jesus was John who was risen from the dead.[1]

Jesus' withdrawal to a 'deserted place' (14:13–15)

Matthew 14:13 and 14:15 refer to a 'deserted' (NKJV) or 'secluded' (Amplified Bible) place, clarified as 'a place where no one lived' in the Easy-to-Read Version. In Luke's gospel, he goes at this point in the narrative to 'a town called Bethsaida', i.e. an inhabited place, but nevertheless one where 'he and his apostles could be alone together.[2]

Miraculous feeding of a large crowd (14:16–21)

Eating together was a symbol of unity and Jesus was acting as the host of a large family gathering, welcoming the crowd into a new community.[3]

Verse 19

Then He commanded the multitudes to sit down on the grass. And He took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, He blessed and broke and gave the loaves to the disciples; and the disciples gave to the multitudes.[4]

Looked up to heaven, blessed, broke, and gave indicate a 'communal, liturgical context' which is found in the early church; the same actions are to be seen in the Last Supper in Matthew 26:26.[5]

Walking on water (14:22–33)

After the public miracle of loaves, the disciples witnessed in private one miracle that showed Jesus' authority over material things.[3]

Jesus the Healer (14:34–36)

When they were back in Herod's territory, Jesus' popularity was shown again in his healing ministry, which was more extensive than so far recorded.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b France 1994, p. 922.
  2. ^ Luke 9:10
  3. ^ a b c France 1994, p. 923.
  4. ^ Matthew 14:19 NKJV
  5. ^ Coogan 2007, p. 29 New Testament.

Sources

  • Coogan, Michael David (2007). Coogan, Michael David; Brettler, Marc Zvi; Newsom, Carol Ann; Perkins, Pheme (eds.). The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books: New Revised Standard Version, Issue 48 (Augmented 3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195288810.
  • France, R. T. (1994). "Matthew". In Carson, D. A.; France, R. T.; Motyer, J. A.; Wenham, G. J. (eds.). New Bible Commentary: 21st Century Edition (4, illustrated, reprint, revised ed.). Inter-Varsity Press. pp. 904–945. ISBN 9780851106489.

External links

  • Media related to Gospel of Matthew - Chapter 14 at Wikimedia Commons
  • Matthew 14 English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate
  • Matthew 14 King James Bible - Wikisource
Preceded by
Matthew 13
Chapters of the New Testament
Gospel of Matthew
Succeeded by
Matthew 15
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