Breast disease

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Breast disease
Synonyms Breast problems
Specialty Gynecology

Breast diseases make up a number of conditions. The most common symptoms are a breast mass, breast pain, and nipple discharge.[1]

A majority of breast diseases are noncancerous.[2]


Early warning signs of breast cancer

A breast tumor is an abnormal mass of tissue in the breast as a result of neoplasia. A breast neoplasm may be benign, as in fibroadenoma, or it may be malignant, in which case it is termed breast cancer. Either case commonly presents as a breast lump. Approximately 7% of breast lumps are fibroadenomas and 10% are breast cancer, the rest being other benign conditions or no disease.[3]

Phyllodes tumor is a fibroepithelial tumor which can either benign, borderline or malignant.

Breast cancer

Among women worldwide, breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer death.[4] Breast self-examination (BSE) is an easy but unreliable method for finding possible breast cancer.[5] Factors that appear to be implicated in decreasing the risk of, early diagnosis of, or recurrence of breast cancer are regular breast examinations by health care professionals, regular mammograms, self-examination of breasts, healthy diet, and exercise to decrease excess body fat.[6]

Fibrocystic breast changes

Also called: fibrocystic breast disease, chronic cystic mastitis, diffuse cystic mastopathy, mammary dysplasia

Infections and inflammations

These may be caused among others by trauma, secretory stasis/milk engorgement, hormonal stimulation, infections or autoimmune reactions. Repeated occurrence unrelated to lactation requires endocrinological examination.

Other breast conditions

See also


  1. ^ Salzman, B; Fleegle, S; Tully, AS (15 August 2012). "Common breast problems". American Family Physician. 86 (4): 343–9. PMID 22963023.
  2. ^ "MedlinePlus: Breast Diseases".
  3. ^ Page 739 in: Mitchell, Richard Sheppard; Kumar, Vinay; Abbas, Abul K.; Fausto, Nelson. Robbins Basic Pathology. Philadelphia: Saunders. ISBN 1-4160-2973-7. 8th edition.
  4. ^ World Health Organization (February 2006). "Fact sheet No. 297: Cancer". Retrieved 2007-04-26.
  5. ^ Breast Self Examination at The Breast Site
  6. ^ Seven things you should know about breast cancer risk Harvard College. Last updated June 2008

Further reading

  • Irshad, A.; Ackerman, S. J.; Pope, T. L.; Moses, C. K.; Rumboldt, T.; Panzegrau, B. (2008). "Rare Breast Lesions: Correlation of Imaging and Histologic Features with WHO Classification1". Radiographics. 28 (5): 1399–1414. doi:10.1148/rg.285075743. PMID 18794315.

External links

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