Massey Ferguson 35

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Massey Ferguson 35
1964 multi-power British Massey Ferguson MF35X - angle view.jpg
A 1964 multi-power British MF35X
Type Agricultural, industrial and vineyard
Manufacturer Massey Ferguson
Production 1956–1964 (United Kingdom)
1955–1964 (United States)
2015–present (Kenya)
Length 117 inches (300 cm)
Width 64 inches (160 cm)
Height 54 inches (140 cm)
Weight 3,192 pounds (1,448 kg)
Propulsion Wheels
Gross power 44.5 horsepower (33.2 kW) (MF35X)
Preceded by Ferguson TE20 (UK)
Ferguson TO30 (USA)
Succeeded by Massey Ferguson 135
A 1964 multi-power British MF35X
A British FE35 ("Gold Belly")

The Massey Ferguson 35 (MF35) is a tractor produced by Massey Ferguson.

History

United States

In 1953 a team led by Hermann Klemm started developing a new model for Ferguson, known as the TO35, to replace the TO30.[1] Klemm wrote to Harry Ferguson in July that year to tell him about the features of the TO35. Ferguson was unhappy with the project, and ordered Klemm to stop work. However, after another letter from Klemm, running to 23 pages, Ferguson changed his mind and allowed development to continue.[1] Although Ferguson had merged with Massey-Harris to form Massey Ferguson in 1953, the TO35 was marketed under the Ferguson name. The new Ferguson 35 was launched in the United States on 5 January 1955, a year earlier than planned,[1] following a decision made at a conference in San Antonio in March 1954.[2]

It was initially available in two models; standard or deluxe, with a third (utility) added in 1956.[1][3] Despite not being designed for industrial use, it became popular amongst industry users.[3] The colour scheme was changed from all-grey to a beige shell and wheels and a grey body in May 1956.[3] In December 1957 the scheme changed again when the TO35 was rebranded in the standard Massey Ferguson red and grey.[3] However, the wording on the tractor continued to be "Ferguson" until February 1960.[2]

Production ended in late 1964.[2]

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, the MF35 was launched on 1 October 1956 at the Grosvenor House Hotel in London,[4] and was originally marketed as the Ferguson 35 (FE35). Built at Massey Ferguson's Banner Lane factory in Coventry, the first FE35 (serial number 1001) had been produced on 27 August that year.[5]

The FE35 was a successor to the Ferguson TE20, which ceased production in the same year. Whilst the TE20 had been an all-grey tractor (earning it the nickname Little Grey Fergie), the FE35 had a grey shell and wheels, but a bronze finish for the body,[6] leading to it becoming known as the "Gold Belly".[7][8] Three types were built; agricultural, industrial and vineyard,[9] although only a small number of the latter were produced.[10] The industrial model was designed for compliance with the Road Traffic Act 1947, including a driving mirror and a high-frequency horn.[11]

In 1957, after 73,655 units had been produced, the tractor was rebadged as the MF35, and the colour scheme was changed to red and grey.[12] In 1959 Massey Ferguson purchased Perkins Engines, and began using a new diesel Perkins engine in the MF35.[12] De Luxe models had a dual clutch, allowing the user to disengage the rear wheels while keeping the power take-off and hydraulic pump engaged.[13]

On 8 November 1962 the company launched the MF35X, which had an increased power output and the additional "multi-power" system, which allowed the driver to shift up or down a gear ratio without using the clutch.[14] Although production in England reached over 45,000 units the following year, it ceased in 1964,[15] when it was succeeded by the Massey Ferguson 135. Over its eight-year production run, 388,382 units were produced.[15] Many are still used today on small farms.[16]

The Banner Lane factory continued to supply kits to foreign manufacturers until 24 December 2002. By the time production ceased, 3,307,996 tractor or kits had been built at the factory. According to Michael Thorne, "it is not an exaggeration to say that there is no other tractor design in history that has contributed more to the feeding of the world."[17]

Other countries

TAFE in India bought a licence to build MF35s in 1960 and continued manufacturing them until 2002.[18] Yugoslavian firm Industry of Machinery and Tractors also bought a licence to build Massey Ferguson tractors,[19] marketing the MF35 as the IMT539.[20] In 2014 variants of the MF35 were still being built in India, Pakistan and Turkey.[21] In 2015 Agco, owners of the Massey Ferguson brand, relaunched the MF35 in the East African market as the "People's tractor".[22]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Michael Thorne (2014) Massey Ferguson 35 & 65 Models in Detail, Herridge & Sons, p19
  2. ^ a b c Thorne, p22
  3. ^ a b c d Thorne, p21
  4. ^ Thorne, p52
  5. ^ Thorne, p133
  6. ^ Thorne, p42
  7. ^ Innishannon Steam and Vintage Rally 2012 celebrates the 50th anniversary of the Massey Ferguson 35x Innishannon Steam and Vintage Rally
  8. ^ Innishannon steams past €million mark Archived 2015-07-14 at the Wayback Machine. Southern Star
  9. ^ Thorne, p34
  10. ^ Thorne, p44
  11. ^ Thorne, p46
  12. ^ a b Thorne, p48
  13. ^ Massey Ferguson 35 Vintage Tractor Engineer
  14. ^ Thorne, pp51–56
  15. ^ a b Thorne, p60
  16. ^ Thorne, p130
  17. ^ Thorne, p123
  18. ^ Thorne, p122
  19. ^ History Archived 2013-07-04 at the Wayback Machine. IMT
  20. ^ August 2012 Stock List Mid Antrim Tractors
  21. ^ Thorne, p131
  22. ^ MF 35 – the People’s Tractor – launched in Kenya Massey Ferguson, 8 July 2015
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