Masaru Ibuka

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Masaru Ibuka
井深 大
Born 11 April 1908 (1908-04-11)
Died 19 December 1997(1997-12-19) (aged 89)
Tokyo, Japan
Nationality Japanese
Education Waseda University
Known for Sony
Spouse(s) Sekiko Maeda
Children 3
Awards IEEE Founders Medal (1972)

Masaru Ibuka (井深 大 Ibuka Masaru; 11 April 1908 – 19 December 1997) was a Japanese electronics industrialist and co-founder of Sony.[1][2]


Ibuka graduated from Waseda University in 1933, he then went to work at Photo-Chemical Laboratory, a company which processed movie film, and later served in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, being a member of the Imperial Navy Wartime Research Committee. In September 1945, he left the company and navy, and founded a radio repair shop in the bombed out Shirokiya Department Store in Nihonbashi, Tokyo.[3][4]

In 1946, a fellow wartime researcher, Akio Morita, saw a newspaper article about Ibuka's new venture and after some correspondence, chose to join him in Tokyo. With funding from Morita's father, they co-founded Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering Corporation, that would, in 1958, become known as Sony Corporation.[5][6] Ibuka was instrumental in securing the licensing of transistor technology from Bell Labs to Sony in the 1950s,[7] thus making Sony one of the first companies to apply transistor technology to non-military uses.[8] Ibuka served as president of Sony from 1950 to 1971, and then served as chairman of Sony between 1971 and 1976, when he retired from the company.

Ibuka was awarded the Medal of Honor with Blue Ribbon in 1960, and was decorated with the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure in 1978 and with the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun in 1986.[1] He was further decorated as a Commander First Class of the Royal Order of the Polar Star of Sweden in that year,[1] named a Person of Cultural Merit in 1989 and decorated with the Order of Culture in 1992.

Ibuka received Honorary Doctorates from the Sophia University, Tokyo in 1976, from the Waseda University, Tokyo in 1979, and from Brown University (US) in 1994. The IEEE awarded him the IEEE Founders Medal in 1972[9] and named the IEEE Masaru Ibuka Consumer Electronics Award after him in 1987.[10]

Ibuka served as the Chairman of the National Board of Governors of the Boy Scouts of Nippon. In 1991 the World Organization of the Scout Movement awarded him the Bronze Wolf.[11] In 1989 he also received the highest distinction of the Scout Association of Japan, the Golden Pheasant Award.[12]

Other awards: 1964, Distinguished Services Award from the Institute of Electrical Communication Engineers of Japan; 1981, Humanism and Technology Award from the Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies; 1986, Eduard Rhein Ring of Honor, German Eduard Rhein Foundation; 1989, Designated Person of Cultural Merits by Ministry of Education; 1991, The Presidential Award and Medallion from the University of Illinois.[13]

Ibuka also authored the book Kindergarten is Too Late (1971), in which he claims that the most significant human learning occurs from birth to 3 years old and suggests ways and means to take advantage of this. The book's foreword was written by Glenn Doman, founder of The Institutes for the Achievement of Human Potential, an organization that teaches parents about child brain development. Ibuka and Doman agreed that the first years of life were vital for education. Both Ibuka and Morita believed personal enrichment, Science, Mathematics/Physics, and understanding of human biology/nutrition were essential for maintaining both the health and wealth of nations.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b c Kirkup, James. "Obituary: Masaru Ibuka," Independent (London). December 22, 1997.
  2. ^ Fasol, Gerhard. "Electrical engineer and co-founder of SONY Obituary: Masaru Ibuka (1908-97)" Nature (London). February 26, 1998.
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ "World: Asia-Pacific Sony co-founder dies". BBC. October 3, 1999. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
  6. ^ "Sony Global - Sony History Chapter1 Rebuilding from the Ashes". Retrieved 2017-06-21.
  7. ^ "Masaru Ibuka - Gold Mercury International". Gold Mercury International. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
  8. ^ "Masaru Ibuka". Retrieved 2017-06-21.
  9. ^ "IEEE Founders Medal Recipients" (PDF). IEEE. Retrieved April 3, 2011.
  10. ^ "IEEE Masaru Ibuka Consumer Electronics Award". IEEE. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
  11. ^ complete list
  12. ^
  13. ^

External links

  • Ibuka's books
  • IEEE bio of Ibuka
  • Russian version of Ibuka's Kindergarten is Too Late
  • NATURE Obituary: Masaru Ibuka (1908-97)
  • Goodreads | Masura Ibuka (Author of Kindergarten is Too Late!)
Preceded by
Tamon Maeda
President of Sony Corporation
Succeeded by
Akio Morita
Preceded by
Chairman of the Board of Sony Corporation
Succeeded by
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