Martin Luther Agwai

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Martin Luther Agwai
GEN (R) Martin L. Agwai - Panel Discussion - African Land Forces Summit - May 2010.jpg
General Martin Luther Agwai.
Chief of Defence Staff
In office
June 2006 – May 2007
Preceded by Gen. A.Ogomudia
Succeeded by Gen. O.A. Azazi
Chief of Army Staff
In office
Preceded by Gen. A.Ogomudia
Succeeded by Gen. O.A. Azazi
Personal details
Born (1948-11-08) November 8, 1948 (age 71)
Kaduna, NigeriaNigeria
Alma mater National Defense University
Command and Staff College, Jaji
Awards Force Service Star
Meritorious Service Star
Distinguished Service Star
Fellow of the War College
Commander of the Federal Republic
Military service
Allegiance  Nigeria
Branch/service Nigerian Army
Years of service 1972 - 2009
Rank General
Commands Chief of Army Staff, Federal Republic of Nigeria
Chief of Defence Staff, Federal Republic of Nigeria
United Nations Advisor
Deputy Force Commander of the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone
Force Commander of the African Union - United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur

Martin Luther Agwai CFR GSS psc(+) fwc is a retired Nigerian army officer who served as Chief of Defence Staff and Chief of Army Staff.

Early life and education

Agwai was born on November 8, 1948 in Kaduna, a city in Northern Nigeria, to the family of Agwai Gidan Mana, a Police Constable and Shera Agwai, a housewife. He hailed from Gidan Mana in Kachia Local Government Area of present day Kaduna state. [1] He hails from a Christian home and later became the President of Fellowship of Christian Students at Government Secondary School, Zaria in 1967.

He started out his primary education at the Native Authority School in Jaban Kogo where he was living with his maternal grandmother. He was soon moved to the Sudan Interior Mission (SIM) School, in Kurmin Musa, due to his insistence on changing schools. According to his friend and classmate, Stephen Haruna Makeri, 'we liked each other because we were the smallest in the class. Martin was very lively and sociable and that was what drew me close to him' [2]

He graduated from the Nigerian Command and Staff College, British Army Staff College, Camberley and United States Army Armor School amongst others. He holds a Post Graduate diploma in Public Administration with distinctions from the Administrative Staff College of Nigeria (ASCON) and National Defence University, Washington DC, where he obtained a Master of Science in National Resource Strategy. While at NDU, he won the Ambassadors Award for excellence in research and writing, making him the first foreigner to win the award.


He was commissioned into the Nigerian Armed Forces in 1972 and has held several positions including Chief of Training and Operations of the Nigerian Armed Forces and Director of Military Training at the Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna. He was the Nigerian Military Adviser at Harare, covering the whole of Southern Africa between 1993 - 1996. He was a Directing Staff and Chief Instructor at the Command and Staff College Jaji - Kaduna, Nigeria. Before becoming the Chief of Army Staff he was the Deputy Military Adviser at United Nations Headquarters, New York. He was the Chief of Defence Staff of the Nigerian Armed Forces since 1 June 2006. Before that, he held several senior positions in the Nigerian Army, including being Chief of Army Staff. He served as the commander of the combined United Nations-African Union peacekeeping force in Darfur. General Agwai led one of the biggest peacekeeping operations in the world with approximately 20,000 troops and 6,000 police under his command.

In a statement made available on BBC, he was quoted to have said that: "We are not here to conquer anybody, We are not here to compel any peace. We are here to work with the Sudanese people - both the government and the parties to assist them to find peace. We are not here to impose peace. We are not here to fight anybody." [3]

Much of his rich military life and career was captured in a biography project commissioned by the National Defence College Abuja. The focus of the 268 paged work was his exploits as Former Chief of Army Staff, Chief of Defence Staff, and Force Commander of the Hybrid United Nations - African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID). Other parts of his life are also given due attention in the book- Iconic Soldier and Peacemaker. A Biography of Martin Luther Agwai. [4]


General Martin Luther Agwai retired from the Nigerian Armed Forces in December 2009. The Minister of Defence, Retired Maj-Gen Abbe said "the magnificent parade accorded Agwai is an indication that the nation is happy... the country is proud to produce a fine officer and a gentleman who gave a good account of himself. I am expressing the Commander-in-Chief’s pleasure, President Umaru Yar'Adua for the service he had rendered to his country and beyond and that is what an officer should be". [5]

In a stunning development, Martin Luther Agwai, a UNAMID force commander based in Darfur, Sudan, was asked to step down from his prestigious position at the United Nations, two days after the Texas Republic News posted a story about his wife, Ruth Agwai, on June 15, 2009, according to sources knowledgeable on behind-the-scenes activities of the UN. His wife works as an unlicensed nurse for Medical Services at an occupational health clinic inside the UN headquarters building in New York City.

The Texas Republic News revealed that Mrs. Agwai lived in a multimillion-dollar town home in Manhattan, "never legally obtained a registered nursing license in her country of origin," received financial payments from ECOSOC, an agency which distributes financial and material aid to Third World nations, and billed an excessive expense account to the UN to pay for first class travel accommodations when she attended a 'World's AIDS Day' conference in Lagos, Nigeria on November 27, 2007. Recently, the Dallas Blog posted an article, which links Ruth Agwai to Planned Parenthood in Nigeria as revealed by internal UN documents. Planned Parenthood Federation of Nigeria partly funded a summit that she attended in Nigeria.

The Inner City Press posted an article on June 19, 2009, stating: "the departure of Martin Luther Agwai as UNAMID force commander in Darfur would take place as questions have been raised about the UN's employment of his wife Ruth Agwai in the UN Medical Service, and her moonlighting for an NGO for the wives of Nigerian generals.",2933,518345,00.html

In his honour, The Martin Luther Agwai International Leadership & Peacekeeping Centre (MLAILPKC) was instituted after his retirement, by General TY Buratai. The Mission of MLAILPKC is to deliver realistic qualitative training packages on Peace Support Operations to potential United Nations and regional peacekeepers to prepare them for the complex and multidimensional challenges of modern Peace Support Operations [6]

The National Defence College Abuja also commissioned a research project aimed to promote values of leadership garnered from the lives and careers of strategic leaders. The project had Martin Luther Agwai as the first in a series of leaders to be studied. Through the efforts of the Centre for Strategic Research and Studies, in collaboration with a biography company in Nigeria, May University Press Limited, Lagos state, the research was done and the findings published in a book - Iconic Soldier and Peacemaker. A Biography of Martin Luther Agwai. The book was launched in february 2019. [7]

See also


  1. ^ Iconic Soldier and Peacemaker. A biography of Martin Luther Agwai. Published by May University Press Limited, Lagos for National Defence College, Abuja. (pg.1)
  2. ^ Iconic Soldier and Peacemaker. A biography of Martin Luther Agwai. Published by May University Press Limited, Lagos for National Defence College, Abuja. (pg. 5)
  3. ^ Iconic Soldier and Peacemaker. A biography of Martin Luther Agwai. Published by May University Press Limited, Lagos for National Defence College, Abuja.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^

External links

  • (accessed 2 Dec. 2007)
  • (accessed 2 Dec. 2007)
  • (accessed 2 Dec. 2007)
  • (accessed 2 Dec. 2007)
Military offices
Preceded by
Lt Gen AO Ogomudia
Chief of the Army Staff
2003 – 2006
Succeeded by
Lt Gen OA Azazi
Preceded by
Alexander Ogomudia
Chief of the Defence Staff
2007 – 2008
Succeeded by
Owoye Andrew Azazi
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