Marsden, West Yorkshire

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Marsden
Marsden Mill.jpg
Marsden Mill, formerly Bank Bottom Mill, which closed in 2003
Marsden is located in West Yorkshire
Marsden
Marsden
Location within West Yorkshire
Population 3,499 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SE048116
• London 160 mi (260 km) SE
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HUDDERSFIELD
Postcode district HD7
Dialling code 01484
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°36′04″N 1°55′36″W / 53.6011°N 1.9267°W / 53.6011; -1.9267Coordinates: 53°36′04″N 1°55′36″W / 53.6011°N 1.9267°W / 53.6011; -1.9267

Marsden is a large village within the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees district, in West Yorkshire, England. It is in the southern edge of the South Pennines and is fringed by the Peak District to the south. The village is 7 miles (11 km) west of Huddersfield and located at the confluence of the River Colne and the Wessenden Brook. It was an important centre for the production of woollen cloth, focused at Bank Bottom Mill, which closed in 2003. According to a 2008 mid-year estimate the village has a population of 4,440.[1]

History

Marsden grew wealthy in the 19th century from the production of woollen cloth. It is still home to Bank Bottom Mill, later known as Marsden Mill, and home to John Edward Crowther Ltd, formerly one of the largest mills in Yorkshire. The Crowthers moved to Marsden in 1876, beginning a long and profitable association with cloth manufacturing in the town.[2][3]

During the 1930s Bank Bottom Mill covered an area of 14 acres, employed 680 looms, and provided employment for 1,900 workers.[4]

The Church of St Bartholomew was completed in 1899, although the nave and aisle had been in use from 1895, when the previous chapel was demolished. The tower was built in 1911, and the Parochial Hall in 1924 (with an extension in 1978). The church has a peal of ten bells.[5]

Production of woollen cloth at Bank Bottom Mill ceased in 2003, with the loss of 244 jobs.[4]

Geography

St Bartholomew's Church

Marsden is the last significant settlement on the West Yorkshire side of the Standedge Pennine crossing into Greater Manchester. The village is in the southern edge of the South Pennines with the boundary of the Peak District National Park to the south. It is surrounded on three sides by the moorland of Marsden and Meltham Moors with Saddleworth Moor nearby. Marsden has low level access only from the east along the Colne Valley.

The Marsden Moor Estate, which surrounds Marsden to the west and south, includes several reservoirs, and is in the care of the National Trust. The trust is developing techniques to rehabilitate the moor.[6] Butterley Reservoir with its distinctive spillway is near Marsden inside the Peak District National Park.[7]

In chronostratigraphy, the British sub-stage of the Carboniferous period, the Marsdenian derives its name from Marsden.

Transport

Tunnel End, the eastern entrance to Standedge Tunnel
Peel Street with the Mechanics Institute

Several generations of tracks and roads have crossed the moors near Marsden. Mellor Bridge by the church, and Close Gate Bridge at the edge of the moor to the east of the village are both packhorse bridges. The A62 road between Huddersfield and Oldham passes through the village and the Standedge cutting some 2.5 miles (4 km) to the west. The road between Oldham and Huddersfield, in particular the stretch between Marsden and Diggle was named the fourth dangerous road in Britain in 2003-2005.[8]

Bus

First West Yorkshire operates bus services between Huddersfield and Marsden. A local service run by JRT, runs around the Marsden area, before continuing to Slaithwaite. A Trans-Pennine service between Huddersfield and Manchester, jointly operated by First Greater Manchester and First West Yorkshire, passes through the village. Until 1963 it was a Huddersfield trolleybus terminus.

Rail and canal

The Huddersfield Narrow Canal and the Huddersfield to Manchester railway enter the parallel rail and canal Standedge Tunnels about half a mile (0.8 km) to the west of the town centre. Marsden railway station on the Huddersfield line is operated by Northern provides services to Huddersfield, Manchester Piccadilly railway station and Leeds.

Mountain rescue

Mellor Bridge, one of Marsden's two packhorse bridges, with St Bartholomew's Church in the background

The Holme Valley Mountain Rescue Team has its headquarters at Marsden Fire Station from where the volunteer team provides rescue cover for surrounding moorland areas and assists West Yorkshire Police with searches for missing people. The team was founded in 1965 and was based in Meltham before relocating in 2005.

Sport

Marsden football club, Marsden AFC, play their home matches at the Fall Lane ground. In its centenary year the 1st team were promoted from the West Riding County Amateur League Division 1, and played in the West Riding County Amateur Premier Division for the 2008–09 season.

Above the village at Hemplow, on Mount Road is a sports ground that hosts Marsden's cricket,[9] golf and tennis clubs, as well as Hemplow Bowling Club. The cricket club, formed in 1865, runs two teams in the Drake's Huddersfield Cricket League[10] and teams in five age groups in the Huddersfield Junior Cricket League.[11]

In 2010 Marsden gained Walkers are Welcome status in recognition of its well-maintained footpaths, facilities and information for walkers and ramblers.[12]

Culture

Marsden Silver Prize Band is the local silver band.[13] The village hosts festivals and cultural events throughout the year. Marsden Cuckoo Day, a day-long festival held annually in Spring (April), holds clog dancing, a duck race, music, a procession and a "cuckoo walk". The Marsden Jazz Festival[14] is held every October, and the winter Imbolc Festival, in which the 'triumph of the Green Man' (who represents the coming spring), over Jack Frost (the winter) is celebrated with fire juggling and giant puppets.[15] Marsden is the home of Mikron Theatre Company,[16] the world's only professional theatre company to tour by Narrowboat.

Marsden's 'Cuckoo Day festival' is named after a local legend of the Marsden Cuckoo:

"Many years ago the people of Marsden were aware that when the cuckoo arrived, so did the Spring and sunshine. They tried to keep Spring forever, by building a tower around the Cuckoo. Unfortunately, as the last stones were about to be laid, away flew the cuckoo. If only they'd built the tower one layer higher. As the legend says, it 'were nobbut just wun course too low'."[17][18]

Filming location

Marsden is popular as a location for television and film productions. These productions have used the village:[citation needed]

Notable people

Marsden was the birthplace of Henrietta Thompson, the mother of General James Wolfe who took Quebec from the French in 1759.

Marsden is also where Enoch Taylor was buried. Enoch Taylor was the blacksmith who built the first automatic croppers. The name Enoch was used for the hammers that the Luddites used to smash them. The Luddites used the slogan "Enoch made them, and Enoch shall break them."[19]

Further reading

  • Pearson, Irene E., Marsden Through the Ages, (1984), ISBN 978-0950953304

References

  1. ^ "Kirklees Council mid-year estimate 2008" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2019. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ www.marsdenhistory.co.uk Archived 12 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved December 2013
  3. ^ Huddersfield Daily Examiner Retrieved December 2013
  4. ^ a b theviewfromthenorth.org Retrieved December 2013
  5. ^ "Church and Chapel in Marsden". Marsden Local History Group. Archived from the original on 19 February 2007. Retrieved 11 January 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. ^ "Conservation at Marsden Moor". National Trust. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Butterley Spillway, Marsden". Victorian Society.
  8. ^ "Britain's most dangerous roads". BBC News. 25 June 2007.
  9. ^ "Marsden CC, Yorkshire". marsden.play-cricket.com.
  10. ^ Drakes Huddersfield Cricket League Website Archived 7 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "HJCL - Sellers Huddersfield Junior Cricket League". www.hjcl.org.uk. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  12. ^ "Marsden". Walkers are Welcome. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
  13. ^ "Marsden Band - General news for Entertainers". www.marsden-band.co.uk.
  14. ^ "Marsden Jazz Festival".
  15. ^ "Night of fire and fun as Imbolc festival returns to Marsden". Huddersfield Daily Examiner. 9 February 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2009.
  16. ^ "Mikron Theatre Company". Archived from the original on 22 August 2010. Retrieved 15 August 2019. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  17. ^ "Marsden Cuckoo Festival preview". The Huddersfield Daily Examiner. Trinity Mirror North West and North Wales Limited. 22 April 2010. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
  18. ^ "BBC Radio 4 - Open Country". BBC. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
  19. ^ "Luddites". Marsden History Group. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External links

Media related to Marsden, West Yorkshire at Wikimedia Commons

  • Marsden Local History Group web site.
  • The website of Mikron Theatre Company
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