Marine Corps Recruiting Command

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Marine Corps Recruiting Command
USMC recruiter's school logo.PNG
Recruiters School logo
Country United States
Branch United States Marine Corps
Role military recruitment
Headquarters Marine Corps Base Quantico
Commanders
Commander Major General Paul J. Kennedy

The Marine Corps Recruiting Command is a command of the United States Marine Corps responsible for military recruitment of civilians into the Corps. In addition to finding volunteers to join, it is also responsible for preparing them for United States Marine Corps Recruit Training or Officer Candidates School.

History

With the founding of the Corps in 1775, the first recruiting drive was held at Tun Tavern in Philadelphia. At the time, the recruiting of volunteers was the responsibility of the various barracks commanders scattered throughout the United States to guard naval installations and man ships. Recruiting posters through to the American Civil War promised prospective recruits of bounties and prizes for service at sea.

After the end of the draft in the United States in 1972, recruiters had to shift from merely processing recruits to actively seeking and encouraging them to join an all-volunteer force.

Because there are Marine installations in relatively few states, Marine recruiters are typically the public face of the Corps, seen most commonly by the civilian population.

Recruiting

Recruiters serve as the entry into the Corps through a variety of means. While the majority of accessions are enlisted, those who qualify can attempt to earn a commission and become an officer.

All potential recruits are screened by recruiters for physical standards and fitness, adequate education (a high school diploma or equivalent, such as a GED for enlisted, and a bachelor's degree for officers), lack of significant civil convictions, lack of significant drug use, and other qualifiers. The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery is administered to determine qualifications for a job field (known as a Military Occupational Specialty).[1]

Enlisted Marines who qualify and successfully process through a Military Entrance Processing Station can ship to recruit training. Recruits from the 1st, 4th, and 6th Marine Corps Districts will attend Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island, while males from the 8th, 9th, and 12th will attend Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego. All enlisted females attend recruit training at Parris Island, regardless of district.[2]

Officers can be sourced from several veins: Officer Selection by Recruiting Stations, Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps, and enlisted commissioning. The vast majority will train at Officer Candidates School, but some will attend the Naval Academy instead.[3][4]

Structure

Map of the Recruiting Districts

For the purposes of recruiting Marines, the United States is divided into two regions. The Eastern Recruiting Region mostly covers districts east of the Mississippi River. The Western Recruiting Region predominately covers districts west of the Mississippi.

The two regions are divided into three districts each, each comprising several states. These are subdivided into Recruiting Stations (RS) located in large metropolitan areas, with smaller Recruiting Sub-Stations (RSS) covering smaller cities and rural areas. Some Recruiting Sub-Stations (RSS) have even smaller satellite offices called Permanent Contact Stations (PCS) often manned by a single Recruiter.

The Marine Corps Recruiting Command has approximately 3,000 recruiters operating out of 48 Recruiting Stations, 574 Recruiting Sub-Stations, and 71 Officer Selection Sites across the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and Guam.

1st Marine Corps District

The 1st Marine Corps District covers the northeast United States, including New England.[5] It is the only District within the Marine Corps Recruiting Command to command an installation.

It has the following Recruiting Stations:[6]

4th Marine Corps District

The 4th Marine Corps District covers the Rust Belt and some of the South Atlantic States, and is headquartered in New Cumberland, Pennsylvania,[7] the only district to have a headquarters located outside of its jurisdiction.

It has the following Recruiting Stations:[8]

6th Marine Corps District

The 6th Marine Corps District covers Southeastern United States (mostly the Deep South), as well as Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands. It is headquartered at Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island, in South Carolina.[9]

It has the following Recruiting Stations:

8th Marine Corps District

The 8th Marine Corps District covers the southern half of Central United States and southern Mountain States, and is headquartered at NAS Fort Worth JRB on the west side of Fort Worth, Texas.[10]

It has the following Recruiting Stations:

9th Marine Corps District

The 9th Marine Corps District covers the majority of the Midwestern United States.[11] and is headquartered in Naval Station Great Lakes, IL.

It has the following Recruiting Stations:

12th Marine Corps District

The 12th Marine Corps District covers much of the Western United States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Pacific territories, and is headquartered at Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego.[12]

It has the following Recruiting Stations:[13]

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.

  1. ^ ASVAB official website
  2. ^ Marine Corps Order 1510.32D. Recruit Training 25 Aug 2003
  3. ^ "Earning a Commission". U.S. Marine Corps Officer Candidate's Guide. United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 28 January 2007. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Marine Corps Officer Candidate's Guide". Retrieved 27 January 2007. 
  5. ^ 1st Marine Corps District Archived 19 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. official website
  6. ^ 1MCD Recruiting Stations Archived 20 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ 4th Marine Corps District Archived 22 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. official website
  8. ^ 4MCD Recruiting Stations Archived 17 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ 6th Marine Corps District Archived 27 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. official website
  10. ^ 8th Marine Corps District Archived 4 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine. official website
  11. ^ 9th Marine Corps District Archived 28 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine. official website
  12. ^ 12th Marine Corps District Archived 10 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine. official website
  13. ^ 12MCD Recruiting Stations Archived 4 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  • Barnett, Pamela. "Marine Corps Recruiting Command". About.com. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 

External links

  • Official command website
  • Official recruiting website
  • Recruiting units index
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