Marguerite Rawalt

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Marguerite Rawalt
Billington; Betty Naomi Goldstein Friedan (1921-2006); Barbara Ireton (1932-1998); and Marguerite Rawalt (1895-1989).jpg
Unknown woman, Betty Naomi Goldstein Friedan, Barbara Ireton, Marguerite Rawalt
Born (1895-10-16)October 16, 1895
Died December 16, 1989(1989-12-16) (aged 94)

Dr. Marguerite Rawalt (16 October 1895 – 16 December 1989) was an American writer and lawyer who lobbied in Congress on behalf of women's rights. She worked for the Internal Revenue Service for 30 years, and served on the board of directors for numerous interest groups relating to women's rights issues. Rawalt was a member of the National Presbyterian Church.

Early life

Rawalt was the oldest of three children, and was born in Prairie City, Illinois.[1][2] Her family eventually moved to Texas and settled there.[1] She attended the University of Texas in Austin for one year, then taught high school math in Lorena, Texas. From 1921-1924 she worked as secretary to Texas governor, Pat M. Neff. [3] She received her bachelor's law degree in 1933 and her master's law degree in 1936 from George Washington Law School.[4] In 1933, she started working as an attorney in the office of chief counsel for the Bureau of Internal Revenue.[4]

Women's issues and law

In 1943, Rawalt was elected as president of the Federal Bar Association, the first woman to hold the position.[1][5][6] During 1943 she also served as president of the National Association of Women Lawyers.[4] In 1966, Rawalt became a member of the National Organization for Women, and acted as their first legal counsel.[2][4]

Marguerite Rawalt, prominent lawyer and campaigner

Rawalt became involved with President Kennedy's Commission on the Status of Women under the invitation of Esther Peterson.[1][7] In 1964, Marguerite Rawalt wrote to members of Business and Professional Women and Zonta International, asking them to lobby for the passage of provision VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibited discrimination by employers on the basis of sex.[8] In 1972, Rawalt founded the Marguerite Rawalt Legal Defense Fund, a group focused on funding legal cases involving women's equity, particularly relating to financial equity.[9]

She retired from the IRS in 1965, having been employed by them for 30 years.[2][5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Mary Becker (1 October 1998). "The sixties shift to formal equality and the courts: an argument for pragmatism and politics". William and Mary Law Review. 
  2. ^ a b c "Former Indonesian Envoy, Author Soedjatmoko Dies". The Washington Post. 22 December 1989. 
  3. ^ Hartmann, Susan M. "Marguerite Rawalt," pp. 536-538. Ware, Susan, and Stacy Lorraine Braukman, eds. Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary Completing the Twentieth Century. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press, 2004.
  4. ^ a b c d "Rawalt, Marguerite - Biography". President and Fellows of Harvard College. 2000. Retrieved 30 March 2009. 
  5. ^ a b Davis, Flora (1999). Moving the Mountain: The Women's Movement in America since 1960. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. p. 35. ISBN 0-252-06782-7. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Attorney General Talks Tough in New Orleans". The Baton Rouge Advocate. 4 October 1993. 
  7. ^ Elizabeth Kasto (27 August 1983). "Woman's Party Gathers to Celebrate a Landmark". The Washington Post. 
  8. ^ Schenken, Suzanne O'Dea (1999). From suffrage to the Senate: An Encyclopedia of American Women in Politics. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO. p. 144. ISBN 0-87436-960-6. 
  9. ^ Slavin, Sarah (1995). U. S. Women's Interest Groups: Institutional Profiles. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. p. 263. ISBN 0-313-25073-1. 

External links

  • In Memoriam: Marguerite Rawalt
  • Harvard University Library - Rawalt, Marguerite
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