Mardin Province

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Mardin Province
Mardin ili
Province of Turkey
Location of Mardin Province in Turkey
Location of Mardin Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Southeast Anatolia
Subregion Mardin
Government
 • Electoral district Mardin
 • Governor Mustafa Yaman
Area
 • Total 8,891 km2 (3,433 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 796,237
 • Density 90/km2 (230/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0482
Vehicle registration 47

Mardin Province (Syriac: ܡܪܕܐ‎, Turkish: Mardin ili, Kurdish: Parêzgeha Mêrdînê‎, Arabic: ماردين,), is a province of Turkey with a population of 744,606. The population was 835,173 in 2000. The capital of the Mardin Province is Mardin (Syriac: ܡܶܪܕܺܝܢ‎ "Mardin" in related Semitic language Arabic: ماردين, Mardīn). Located near the traditional boundary of Anatolia and Mesopotamia, it has a diverse population, composed of Kurdish, Arab and Assyrian people, with Muslims forming the majority of the province's population.[2]

History

Mardin comes from the Syriac word (ܡܪܕܐ) and means "fortresses".[3][4]

The first known civilization were the Subarian-Hurrians who were then succeeded in 3000BCE by the Hurrians. The Elamites gained control around 2230 BCE. and were followed by the Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians, Romans and Byzantines.[5]

The local Assyrians/Syriacs, while very reduced due to the massacres of the Assyrian Genocide and conflicts between the Kurds and Turks, hold on to two of the oldest monasteries in the world, Dayro d-Mor Hananyo (Turkish Deyrülzafaran, English Saffron Monastery) and Deyrulumur Monastery. The Christian community is concentrated on the Tur Abdin plateau and in the town of Midyat, with a smaller community (approximately 100) in the provincial capital.

Districts

Mardin districts

Mardin province is divided into 10 districts (capital district in bold):

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
  2. ^ Watts, Nicole F. (2010). Activists in Office: Kurdish Politics and Protest in Turkey (Studies in Modernity and National Identity). Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-295-99050-7. 
  3. ^ Lipiński, Edward (2000). The Aramaeans: their ancient history, culture, religion. Peeters Publishers. p. 146. ISBN 978-90-429-0859-8. 
  4. ^ Payne Smith's A Compendious Syriac Dictionary, Dukhrana.com
  5. ^ http://www.tatlidede.com.tr/en/mardin.php

External links

  • Mardin Weather Forecast Information
  • Pictures of the capital of this province
  • Articles about the Syriacs and photos of Midyat
  • Mardin photos
  • Tourism information is available in English at the Southeastern Anatolian Promotion Project site.
  • Mardin Travel Guide
  • https://twitter.com/MardinBuyukshr

Coordinates: 37°21′47″N 40°54′31″E / 37.36306°N 40.90861°E / 37.36306; 40.90861

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