March 1948

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The following events occurred in March 1948:

March 1, 1948 (Monday)

  • US Lieutenant General John R. Hodge announced that general elections would be held in Korea under UN supervision on May 9. The elections would be observed "in such parts of Korea as are accessible to the commission."[1]
  • The Costa Rican Congress annulled as fradulent the election of February 8 in which Otilio Ulate Blanco was elected President.[2]

March 2, 1948 (Tuesday)

March 3, 1948 (Wednesday)

  • A Stern Gang car bombing in Haifa killed 11 Arabs.[4]
  • Juraj Slávik and František Němec, the Czechoslovakian ambassadors to the United States and Canada respectively, resigned their posts in protest of the Communist coup in Czechoslovakia. "I cannot accept as legal the government nominated by President Beneš under duress and terror," Slávik explained at a press conference, further declaring that he would "fight for a free Czechoslovakia."[5]

March 4, 1948 (Thursday)

March 5, 1948 (Friday)

March 6, 1948 (Saturday)

March 7, 1948 (Sunday)

March 8, 1948 (Monday)

March 9, 1948 (Tuesday)

March 10, 1948 (Wednesday)

March 11, 1948 (Thursday)

  • The Zhoucun–Zhangdian Campaign began during the Chinese Civil War.
  • A bombing of the Jewish Agency's headquarters in Jerusalem killed 12 Jews.[4]
  • American movie producers agreed to end a boycott of the British market that had been in place since August because of a 75 percent ad valorem tax imposed upon imported films. Britain promised to eliminate the tax in exchange for American producers agreeing not to withdraw from Britain any profits above $17 million.[12]
  • Born: Dominique Sanda, actress and model, in Paris, France

March 12, 1948 (Friday)

March 13, 1948 (Saturday)

March 14, 1948 (Sunday)

March 15, 1948 (Monday)

March 16, 1948 (Tuesday)

March 17, 1948 (Wednesday)

March 18, 1948 (Thursday)

  • Bulgaria and the Soviet Union signed a twenty-year treaty of friendship, co-operation and mutual military defense.[19]
  • Born: Guy Lapointe, ice hockey player, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • Died: Jakob Weis, 68, German priest and prison chaplain

March 19, 1948 (Friday)

March 20, 1948 (Saturday)

March 21, 1948 (Sunday)

March 22, 1948 (Monday)

  • The Civil War in Mandatory Palestine had one of its worst days when Jews blew up two areas in the Arab quarter of Haifa, killing 17 and wounding at least 150. Arabs responded with mortar shelling of the Jewish business quarter, killing a constable when four bombs fell on a British police station. 60 more were killed at Hartuv when British troops shelled Arab positions in the hills with 25-pound guns.[23]
  • A group of civil rights leaders including A. Philip Randolph met with President Truman about integrating the US military. "In my recent travels around the country I found Negroes not wanting to shoulder a gun to fight for democracy abroad unless they get democracy at home," Randolph told reporters after the meeting. "The President was disturbed by that statement. More than that, he was strongly moved. It was most unwelcome news to him, as it was to me."[24][25]
  • Born: Wolf Blitzer, journalist and television news anchor, in Augsburg, Germany; Inri Cristo, spiritual leader, as Álvaro Theiss in Indaial, Brazil; Andrew Lloyd Webber, musical theatre composer, in Kensington, London, England

March 23, 1948 (Tuesday)

March 24, 1948 (Wednesday)

  • A State District Court in Washington sentenced Gerhart Eisler to one-to-three years imprisonment for concealing his Communist ties when applying for a permit to leave the United States in 1945.[28]
  • Died: Nikolai Berdyaev, 74, Russian philosopher; Paolo Thaon di Revel, 88, Italian admiral and politician

March 25, 1948 (Thursday)

March 26, 1948 (Friday)

  • President Truman issued a proclamation that starting on April 15, the export of aircraft, radar and other potential war materiel would require a license from the National Munitions Control Board.[30]
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. and Elliott Roosevelt, sons of the late 32nd President, issued statements urging a Democratic draft of Dwight D. Eisenhower. "Circumstance requires a man who will convince the Russian leaders that the constant aim of our policy is to secure the lasting peace for which World War II was fought and who, at the same time, will take all necessary steps to stop further aggression, direct or indirect, by the U.S.S.R. against the free peoples of the world," the statement by Roosevelt Jr. read. "The American people have such a man in Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. I am mindful of the General's earlier statement on this matter, but since the Communist coup in Czechoslovakia we have entered a period as critical as that after Munich. The American people have a right to call the General back into active public service."[31]
  • Construction of the controversial Truman Balcony of the White House was reported complete.[32]
  • Born: Nash the Slash, musician, as James Plewman in Toronto, Canada (d. 2014); Steven Tyler, lead singer of the rock band Aerosmith, as Steven Tallarico in New York City

March 27, 1948 (Saturday)

March 28, 1948 (Sunday)

March 29, 1948 (Monday)

  • US Army Information Chief Floyd L. Parks said that "under no conceivable circumstances" would Dwight D. Eisenhower accept a Democratic draft, explaining that his close friend's announcement refusing to accept a presidential nomination "applies to Democrats as well as to Republicans."[34]
  • Occupation authorities in Japan prohibited a looming general strike of 400,000 communications workers.[35]
  • The song "Nature Boy" by jazz singer Nat King Cole was released on Capitol Records.
  • Born: Bud Cort, actor and comedian, in New Rochelle, New York

March 30, 1948 (Tuesday)

  • The Soviets began restricting ground traffic to western Berlin by announcing plans to inspect all motor vehicles and trains moving between Berlin and western Germany in order to hunt for spies and "illegal" shipments of machinery to the West.[36]
  • The Committee on Control of the UN Atomic Energy Commission adjourned indefinitely due to an impasse between the Soviet Union and the western powers over how to set up the organizational structure of the proposed International Atomic Agency.[37]
  • The three-day Pocono Conference on quantum mechanics opened at the Pocono Manor in the Pocono Mountains of Pennsylvania.
  • Born: Eddie Jordan, motorsport team boss, businessman and television personality, in Dublin, Ireland

March 31, 1948 (Wednesday)

References

  1. ^ Johnston, Richard J. H. (March 2, 1948). "Election in Korea to Be Held May 9". The New York Times: p. 13. 
  2. ^ "Costa Rica Annuls Presidential Election; Ulate Disappears as Supporter Is Killed". The New York Times: p. 15. March 2, 1948. 
  3. ^ "Anti-Lynching Bill Approved By 18-8 Vote of House Group". The New York Times: p. 1. March 3, 1948. 
  4. ^ a b c Bose, Sumantra (2007). Contested Land. Harvard University Press. p. 230-231. ISBN 9780674028562. 
  5. ^ Hurd, Charles (March 3, 1948). "Czech Envoys in U.S., Canada Quit, Attacking 'Police State'". The New York Times: p. 1. 
  6. ^ Matthews, Herbert L. (March 5, 1948). "Michael Says He Is King, Victim of a Foreign Ouster". The New York Times: p. 1, 5. 
  7. ^ Yust, Walter, ed. (1949). 1949 Britannica Book of the Year. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. p. 4. 
  8. ^ "U. S. Offers Three Isotopes Free To Aid Atomic Fight on Cancer". The New York Times: p. 1, 42. March 7, 1948. 
  9. ^ "Dodecanese Islands Returned to Greece". The New York Times: p. 1. March 8, 1948. 
  10. ^ Savage, Sean J. (1997). Truman and the Democratic Party. Kentucky University Press. p. 127. ISBN 9780813149226. 
  11. ^ "March 9, 1948: The NHL Bans Billy Taylor and Don Gallinger for Life". On This Day in Sports. March 9, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2018. 
  12. ^ Egan, Charles E. (March 8, 1948). "British End 75% Tax on U.S. Films, Sign 4-Year Agreement on Earnings". The New York Times: p. 1. 
  13. ^ Rosenthal, A. M. (March 13, 1948). "Chile Cites Soviet as Peril to Peace, Bids Council Act". The New York Times: p. 1. 
  14. ^ Morris, John D. (March 14, 1948). "7 of 15 Governors Repudiate Truman". The New York Times: p. 1, 52. 
  15. ^ Ross, Albion (March 14, 1948). "Gottwald Scores Opponents At Funeral of Jan Masaryk". The New York Times: p. 1, 3. 
  16. ^ "Civil Service (Communists or Fascists)". Hansard. March 15, 1948. Retrieved May 20, 2018. 
  17. ^ Grutzner, Charles (March 17, 1948). "U. S. Meat Output Is Halves By CIO Walkout of 100,000". The New York Times: p. 1, 20. 
  18. ^ "President Harry S. Truman's March 17, 1948 Address to a Joint Session". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 20, 2018. 
  19. ^ "Bulgaria Accepts Soviet Arms Pact". The New York Times: p. 5. March 19, 1948. 
  20. ^ Ross, Albion (March 20, 1948). "Clementis Heads Prague Ministry". The New York Times: p. 5. 
  21. ^ Hulen, Bertram D. (March 21, 1948). "Issue Up to Soviet". The New York Times: p. 1. 
  22. ^ "Moscow Says West Would Revise Rome Treaty Behind Soviet's Back". The New York Times: p. 1. March 22, 1948. 
  23. ^ a b c Mercer, Derrik, ed. (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 669-670. ISBN 9-780582-039193. 
  24. ^ "Negro Defense View Told". The New York Times: p. 28. March 23, 1948. 
  25. ^ Taylor, Jon E. (2013). Freedom to Serve: Truman, Civil Rights, and Executive Order 9981. Routledge. p. 88. ISBN 9781136174254. 
  26. ^ Schmidt, Dana Adams (March 24, 1948). "Zionists Fix May 16 for Inaugurating Provisional Rule". The New York Times: p. 1. 
  27. ^ Swopes, Bryan R. (March 23, 2016). "23 March 1948". This Day in Aviation. Retrieved May 20, 2018. 
  28. ^ "Eisler Gets 1 to 3 Years for Hiding Red Links". The New York Times: p. 10. March 25, 1948. 
  29. ^ "Selznick-Eyssell Tiff Results In 'Blandings' Shift to N.Y. Astor". Variety: p. 7. March 10, 1948. 
  30. ^ Cloke, H. Walton (March 27, 1948). "War Goods Export to Russia Curbed by Truman Order". The New York Times: p. 1, 2. 
  31. ^ Hagerty, James A. (March 27, 1948). "Roosevelt Sons Back Eisenhower". The New York Times: p. 1, 7. 
  32. ^ George, Alexander E. (March 26, 1948). "White House Porch Ready For Use Of Truman Family". Gastonia Gazette. Gastonia, NC: p. 8. 
  33. ^ "Old Jap Booby Trap Kills 21 On Corregidor". San Bernardino Sun: p. 1. March 29, 1948. 
  34. ^ Whitney, Robert F. (March 30, 1948). "Eisenhower Spokesman Bars Race In Any 'Conceivable Circumstances'". The New York Times: p. 1, 18. 
  35. ^ Parrott, Lindesay (March 30, 1948). "Occupation Bans Japanese Strike". The New York Times: p. 17. 
  36. ^ Leonard, Thomas M. (1977). Day By Day: The Forties. New York: Facts On File, Inc. p. 780. ISBN 0-87196-375-2. 
  37. ^ Rosenthal, A. M. (March 31, 1948). "U.N. Atom Unit Gives Up Job Of Setting Up Control Board". The New York Times: p. 1, 18. 
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