Marathwada Liberation Day

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Marathwada Liberation Day
Marathwada Freedom Fighters.jpg
Side View of Marathwada Martyr Monument, Parbhani
Observed by All districts of Aurangabad Division, Maharashtra, India
Significance Marathwada became part of India on 17 September, 1948
Celebrations
  • Indian National Flag is hoisted in Marathwada
  • Various Cultural and Social Programs related to issues of Marathwada
  • Various Cultural Programs Held At RajgopalChari Uddyan,Parbhani
Date 17 September
Next time 17 September 2019 (2019-09-17)
Frequency Annual
Related to Marathwada

Marathwada Liberation Day, also known as Marathwada Mukti Sangram Din is celebrated in Maharashtra on 17 September annually. It marks the anniversary of Marathwada's integration with India when the Indian military, with help of local population, defeated the State of Hyderabad, overthrew the Nizam and merged Hyderabad into the Indian Union on 17 September 1948, 13 months after Indian independence.[1][2][3][4]

History

India gained independence from British on 15 August 1947. After the partition, princely states were given the option to join either India or Pakistan. The ruler of Hyderabad, Osman Ali Khan, decided to remain independent. He also appealed to the United Nations that his princely state, which included current Marathwada and Telangana regions, be granted statehood. This sparked a rebellion in the State. During the revolt Marathwada saw major uprisings against the Razakars .[citation needed] The main leaders of the revolt were Swami Ramanand Tirth, Govindbhai Shroff, Vijayendra Kabra and Ramanbhai Parikh and P H Patwardhan.[citation needed]

The Indian government appeared anxious to avoid what it termed a "Balkanization" of the new country and was determined to integrate Hyderabad into the newly formed Indian Union.[5] Amidst the unrest the Indian government launched a military operation named Operation Polo which it termed a "police action". The operation itself took five days, in which the Razakars were defeated and Hyderabad was annexed.[6][7][8][9]

Related issues

Marathwada, Telangana and 4 districts of Karnataka were part of the former princely Hyderabad state. Since 1948, when Hyderabad annexed, 17 September has been celebrated as "Liberation day" by Maharashtra and Karnataka. However, Andhra Pradesh and the now sate of Telangana do not celebrate it. Because after liberation day there were many incidents of Mass murders, rape, property distractions of innocent people majorly Muslims was done. Evidence of which is observed in Pandit Sunderlal Committee Report.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Governor greets people on Marathwada Mukti Sangram Din". Zeenews.india.com. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
  2. ^ "Rediff On The NeT: Marathwada to celebrate Hyderabad liberation jubilee". www.rediff.com. Retrieved 2015-10-25.
  3. ^ "64th Marathwada Mukti Sangram day celebrated". Sakaaltimes.com. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
  4. ^ "How the Nizam lost Hyderabad in 1948". The Hindu. 2012-08-14. Retrieved 2015-10-25.
  5. ^ Barbara D. Metcalf; Thomas R. Metcalf (2006). A Concise History of India (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521682251.
  6. ^ Students' Britannica India. Popular Prakashan. 2000. pp. 135–. ISBN 978-0-85229-760-5.
  7. ^ "Veterans Recall Marathwada Liberation Struggle | Sep 18,2010". Outlookindia.com. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
  8. ^ "Celebrate Sept. 17 as Liberation Day: BJP". The Hindu. 2014-07-22. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
  9. ^ Kate, P. V., Marathwada Under the Nizams, 1724–1948, Delhi: Mittal Publications, 1987, p.75
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