Manono, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Manono
Manono from the air
Manono from the air
Manono is located in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Manono
Manono
Coordinates: 7°17′41″S 27°27′16″E / 7.294704°S 27.454491°E / -7.294704; 27.454491Coordinates: 7°17′41″S 27°27′16″E / 7.294704°S 27.454491°E / -7.294704; 27.454491
Country Democratic Republic of the Congo
Province Tanganyika
Territory Manono
Climate Aw
National language Swahili

Manono is a town and territory in Tanganyika Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Location and economy

Manono lies on the western bank of the Lukushi, a tributary of the Luvua River. The town is a river port, with barges bringing cargo from Lubumbashi.[1] Manono is also connected to a disused railway line.[1][2] Economic activity is centered on mining, with the surrounding area containing approximately 100 million tonnes of minerals, including spodumene (lithium), columbite, tin and tantalite.[1][3] The collapse of the world tin price in the 1980s severely hit the town's economy.[1] However, since 2017 exploration has been underway for ltihium minerals and tin at the historical tin mine in the Manono - Kitotolo region with mining expected to commence in 2019 inclusive of hydrolelectric and road access upgrades..[4]

Climate

Manono has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen: Aw).

Climate data for Manono
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.0
(77)
25.2
(77.4)
25.7
(78.3)
25.8
(78.4)
25.4
(77.7)
24.2
(75.6)
24.4
(75.9)
25.5
(77.9)
26.5
(79.7)
26.1
(79)
25.2
(77.4)
24.8
(76.6)
25.3
(77.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 172
(6.77)
146
(5.75)
199
(7.83)
122
(4.8)
17
(0.67)
2
(0.08)
0
(0)
6
(0.24)
44
(1.73)
90
(3.54)
161
(6.34)
181
(7.13)
1,140
(44.88)
Source: Climate-Data.org[5]

Civil war

Manono was seriously affected by the Second Congo War (1998-2003), with many buildings destroyed. Rally for Congolese Democracy rebels and allied Rwandan soldiers took control of Manono in 1999.[6][7] A hydro-electric power plant used to provide electricity, however it was destroyed during the war. The town used to have a brewery which supplied the surrounding region, however it was destroyed during the war.[1]

Recent times

The UN carried out arms decommissioning in 2008, offering to accept guns in exchange for a bicycle. The scheme was successful in removing weapons.[8] The town is served by the Manono Airport.[9] Manono has a cathedral which was built by Belgian missionaries, and was severely damaged during the war.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Beer and normality in DR Congo". BBC News. 2008-11-27. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  2. ^ National Geographic Atlas of the World: Revised Sixth Edition, National Geographic Society, 1992
  3. ^ "Manono, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)". mindat.org. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  4. ^ "Manono Project". AVZ Minerals Limited. Retrieved 2018-02-22. 
  5. ^ "Climate: Manono". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  6. ^ "IRIN Update 688 for 8 June [19990608]". UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. 1999-06-08. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  7. ^ "Southern African News Features". sardc.net. 2000-10-01. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  8. ^ "The tragedy of Congo". guardian.co.uk. 2008-11-04. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  9. ^ "Manono Airport (MNO) Details - Democratic Republic Of Congo". world-airport-codes.com. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
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