Manohar Parrikar

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Manohar Parrikar
RM Manohar Parrikar.jpg
10th Chief Minister of Goa
Assumed office
14 March 2017
Governor Mridula Sinha
Preceded by Laxmikant Parsekar
In office
9 March 2012 – 8 November 2014
Governor Kateekal Sankaranarayanan
Bharat Vir Wanchoo
Margaret Alva
Mridula Sinha
Preceded by Digambar Kamat
Succeeded by Laxmikant Parsekar
In office
24 October 2000 – 2 February 2005
Governor Mohammed Fazal
Kidar Nath Sahani
Mohammed Fazal
S. C. Jamir
Preceded by Francisco Sardinha
Succeeded by Pratapsingh Rane
Minister of Defence
In office
9 November 2014 – 13 March 2017
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by Arun Jaitley
Succeeded by Arun Jaitley
Member of the Goa Legislative Assembly
from Panaji
In office
1994 – 25 November 2014
Preceded by Joan Baptista Florino Gonsalves
Succeeded by Sidharth Kuncalienker
Assumed office
28 August 2017
Preceded by Sidharth Kuncalienker
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha for Uttar Pradesh
In office
26 November 2014 – 2 September 2017
Preceded by Kusum Rai
Personal details
Born Manohar Gopalakrishna Prabhu Parrikar
(1955-12-13) 13 December 1955 (age 61)
Mapuçá, Goa, India (now Mapusa)
Political party Bharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s) Medha Parrikar (d. 2001)
Children Utpal Parrikar
Abhijat Parrikar
Residence Panaji, Goa, India
New Delhi, India
Alma mater Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai

Manohar Gopalkrishna Prabhu Parrikar (born 13 December 1955) is an Indian politician from the Bharatiya Janata Party who has been Chief Minister of Goa since 14 March 2017.[1][2] Previously he was Chief Minister of Goa from 2000 to 2005 and from 2012 to 2014.

Parrikar served in the BJP government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi as Defence Minister of India from 2014 to 2017. He is a former member of the Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh.[3][4][5]

Early life and education

Manohar Parrikar was born in Mapusa, Goa.[6] He studied at Loyola High School, Margao. He completed his secondary education in Marathi and went on to graduate in metallurgical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai (IIT Mumbai)[6] in 1978. He is the first IIT graduate to serve as Chief Minister of an Indian state. He was awarded the Distinguished Alumnus Award in 2001 by IIT Mumbai.

Political career

Parrikar joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) at a young age and became a mukhya shikshak (chief instructor) in the final years of his schooling. After graduating from IIT, he resumed RSS work in Mapusa while maintaining a private business, and became a sanghchalak (local director) at the age of 26. He was active in the RSS's North Goa unit, becoming a key organiser of the Ram Janmabhoomi movement. He was seconded by RSS to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) with the objective of fighting the Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party.[7] Parrikar has often expressed considerable pride in his RSS background, saying that he learnt "discipline, progressiveness, gender equality, equality of all before the law, nationalism and social responsibility from the RSS".[8] He is sometimes described as having been a pracharak of the RSS.[9]

As a member of the BJP, Parrikar was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Goa in 1994. He was leader of the opposition from June to November 1999. He successfully contested the election to become Chief Minister of Goa for the first time on 24 October 2000, but his tenure lasted only until 27 February 2002. On 5 June 2002, he was re-elected and served another term as Chief Minister.[citation needed]

Manohar Parrikar with Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the 2015 Republic Day Parade, New Delhi.

On 29 January 2005, his government was reduced to a minority in the Assembly after four BJP MLAs resigned from the House. Pratapsinh Rane of the Indian National Congress would subsequently replace Parrikar as Chief Minister. In 2007, the Parrikar-led BJP was defeated in the Goa state elections by the Indian National Congress led by Digambar Kamat. His party became victorious once again after the BJP and their party-allies won twenty-four seats against the Indian National Congress' nine in the Goa Assembly Elections held in March 2012. In the 2014 General Elections, BJP won both the Lok Sabha seats in Goa.[10] Parrikar was reluctant to leave Goa and move to Delhi in November 2014, by his own admission but was persuaded by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to join the central government.[10] He was succeeded by Laxmikant Parsekar as Goa's CM. Parrikar had represented the Panaji constituency in the Goa Legislative Assembly when he was a player in the state politics.[11]

In November 2014, Parrikar was chosen as the Minister of Defence replacing Arun Jaitley, who, till then, held the additional charge of the Ministry.[9][12] His entry into the parliament was facilitated by choosing him as the party's candidate for the elected Rajya Sabha seat from Uttar Pradesh.[11] He has since been credited with transparent, efficient and fast decision making in what was till then thought of as a sluggish ministry. He has also opened up several investigations into alleged scams like AugustaWestland Chopper scam.

On March 14, 2017, Parrikar was sworn in as Chief Minister of Goa. The Maharashtra Gomantak Party (MGP), one of the parties who allied with BJP in Goa after election results were announced, had said that it would extend support to the BJP only if Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar was brought back to the state as Chief Minister.[13][14]

Family and personal life

His wife Medha Parrikar died of cancer in 2001.[15][16] They have two sons - Utpal Parrikar is an Electrical Engineering graduate from Michigan State University and Abhijat Parrikar who is a local businessman.

Controversies

Education policy

In 2001, the Parrikar government turned over fifty-one government primary schools in rural areas to Vidya Bharati, the educational wing of the Sangh Parivar, inviting criticism from certain educationists.[17][18]

European garbage tour junket

In November 2013, a 37-person delegation travelled to Italy, Germany and Austria to observe European waste management plants and practices. The delegation included deputy chief minister Francis D’Souza, government MLAs, members of panchayats and municipal councils, and ordinary residents. The taxpayer-funded trip cost about Rs 1 crore (Rs 10 million).[19][20][21]

FIFA World Cup junket

He also drew criticism for approving a junket costing at least Rs 89 lakh (Rs 8.9 million) for six government MLAs from the ruling party, including three ministers, to attend the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil. The Indian National Congress termed the trip "wasteful expenditure" and criticized the lack of other government officials or soccer experts in the delegation.[22][23]

Controversial remarks

Parrikar has often made remarks of controversial nature.[24] In wake of the debate on religious intolerance in India and actor Aamir Khan stating that his wife Kiran Rao had asked to move out of India, Parrikar made a controversial remark that "if anyone speaks like this, he has to be taught a lesson of his life".[25] He later clarified that he had not targeted any specific individual.[26]

In August 2016, Parrikar stated that going to Pakistan is the same thing as "going to hell".[27][28] In November 2016, Parrikar, while serving as Minister of Defence of India, raised a question about why India should bind itself to the no first use policy.[29]

In December 2016, Parrikar advised media critics to "remove (their) clothes and dance naked" if they wanted publicity. His comments in Konkani were "kapde kadha ani nagde nacha".[30][31]

Awards

References

[34] [35]

  1. ^ Desk, Internet. "Manohar Parrikar to take oath as Goa CM tomorrow". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-03-13. 
  2. ^ "Manohar Parrikar appointed as new Goa Chief Minister". The Economic Times. 14 March 2017. 
  3. ^ http://www.ndtv.com/india-news/thank-you-for-goa-digvijaya-singh-says-manohar-parrikar-in-rajya-sabha-1675731
  4. ^ http://164.100.47.5/Newmembers/memberlist.aspx
  5. ^ http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/nation/parrikar-makes-appearance-in-rajya-sabha-cong-protests/385083.html
  6. ^ a b "Shri. Manohar Parrikar - M.L.A - Goa Legislative Assembly". 
  7. ^ "All you need to know about Manohar Parrikar". Economic Times. 8 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "Manohar Parrikar: The real aam admi". Niti Central. 22 January 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Manohar Parrikar agrees to shift to Delhi, Modi meets President". India Today. 6 November 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "Herald: Church feels alienated and sidelined by Parsekar". oHeraldo. 
  11. ^ a b "Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar to resign as Goa MLA". timesofindia-economictimes. 13 November 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2016. 
  12. ^ "Manohar Parrikar, an IIT-Mumbai Graduate, Likely to be New Defence Minister". NDTV. 6 November 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014. 
  13. ^ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/goa-election-result-cm-parrikar-mgp-gfp/1/902755.html
  14. ^ "Manohar Parrikar back in Goa saddle, ordered to prove majority in House Thursday". Indian Express. 15 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  15. ^ "Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar remembers wife on his 60th birthday". dna. 13 December 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  16. ^ "Manohar Parrikar: The Gentleman Politician". Sify. 31 December 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  17. ^ Visweswaran, Kamala; et al. (2009), "The Hindutva view of history: Rewriting textbooks in India and the United States" (PDF), Georgetown Journal of International Affairs: 101–112 
  18. ^ Frederick Noronha (30 June 2001), "Questionable Initiatives in Education", Economic and Political Weekly, 36 (26): 2322–2325, JSTOR 4410796 
  19. ^ "Garbage plants' junket raises stink". The Times of India. Goa. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2016. 
  20. ^ "Junket tour has no member of Calangute Comunidade". O Heraldo. Calangute. 2 November 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2016. 
  21. ^ "Before storm over Brazil plans, Goa MLAs had gone to Venice to study garbage management". scroll.in. 15 June 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2016. 
  22. ^ Mergulhao, Marcus (12 June 2014). "Goa ministers, MLAs edge out babus in Rs 89 lakh junket to Brazil". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 May 2016. 
  23. ^ "Goa CM Manohar Parrikar sends MLAs on FIFA World Cup junket, ignores football legends". DNA India. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2016. 
  24. ^ http://www.newindianexpress.com/galleries/nation/2016/nov/29/controversys-child-statements-made-by-defence-minister-manohar-parrikar-100124--2.html
  25. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/parrikar-takes-swipe-at-actor-aamir-khan-intolerance-remark-those-who-speak-like-this-must-be-taught-lesson-2945440/
  26. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Manohar-Parrikar-clarifies-his-remark-on-Aamir-Khan-says-comment-not-pointed-out-at-anyone-specifically/articleshow/53479663.cms
  27. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/going-to-pakistan-same-as-going-to-hell-says-defence-minister-manohar-parrikar/
  28. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Going-to-Pakistan-is-the-same-as-going-to-hell-Defence-Minister-Parrikar/articleshow/53721279.cms
  29. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/Why-bind-ourselves-to-%E2%80%98no-first-use-policy%E2%80%99-says-Parrikar-on-India%E2%80%99s-nuke-doctrine/article16442100.ece
  30. ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-dance-naked-if-you-want-more-publicity-parrikar-slams-goan-media-2285221
  31. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/india/manohar-parrikars-advice-to-chronic-critics-take-off-clothes-and-dance-naked-4438364/
  32. ^ "CNN-IBN Indian of the Year 2012". CNN-IBN Indian of the Year 2012. IBN live. December 12, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Search". India News Analysis Opinions on Niti Central. 
  34. ^ Mishra, Rohitashwa. "Manohar Parrikar takes oath as Goa CM for the Third Time", Dainik Bhaskar, 14 March 2017
  35. ^ Tiwari, Neelam. "All You Need To Know About Goa CM Manohar Parrikar", Dainik Bhaskar, 14 March 2017

External links

  • Detailed Profile: Shri Manohar Parrikar
Political offices
Preceded by
Francisco Sardinha
Chief Minister of Goa
2000–2005
Succeeded by
Pratapsingh Rane
Preceded by
Digambar Kamat
Chief Minister of Goa
2012–2014
Succeeded by
Laxmikant Parsekar
Preceded by
Arun Jaitley
Minister of Defence
2014–2017
Succeeded by
Arun Jaitley
Preceded by
Laxmikant Parsekar
Chief Minister of Goa
2017–present
Incumbent
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