Mannar, Sri Lanka

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mannar

மன்னார்

මන්නාරම
Town
Mannar lighthouse
Mannar lighthouse
Mannar is located in Northern Province
Mannar
Mannar
Coordinates: 8°58′0″N 79°53′0″E / 8.96667°N 79.88333°E / 8.96667; 79.88333
Country Sri Lanka
Province Northern
District Mannar
DS Division Mannar
Government
 • Type Urban Council
 • Chairman N/A
Population (2011)
 • Total 35,817
 • Density 308/km2 (797/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+5:30 (Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone)

Mannar (Tamil: மன்னார், translit. Maṉṉār, Sinhalese: මන්නාරම, translit. Mannārama, formerly spelled Manar) is the main town of Mannar District, Northern Province, Sri Lanka. It is governed by an Urban Council. The town is located on Mannar Island overlooking the Gulf of Mannar and is home to the historic Ketheeswaram temple.

Formerly the town was renowned as a center of pearl fishing, mentioned in the 2nd-century CE Periplus of the Erythraean Sea.[1]

Mannar is known for its baobab trees and for its fort, built by the Portuguese in 1560 and taken by the Dutch in 1658 and rebuilt; its ramparts and bastions are intact, though the interior is largely destroyed.

Visually, the modern town is dominated by its Hindu temples, mosques and churches.[2] The Catholic Church has a diocese headquartered in the town. By rail the town is connected to the rest of Sri Lanka by the Mannar Line. It was occupied by LTTE during Sri Lankan Civil War between 1983 and 2009.

Etymology

The region is itself named after the river Mannar, derived from the Tamil words maṉṉ meaning "mud" or "clay" and ār meaning river.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Noted in Edwin William Streeter, Pearls and Pearling Life 1886:24.
  2. ^ Edward Aves, Sri Lanka (Footprint Travel Guides, 2003: ISBN 1-903471-78-8), p. 337.
  3. ^ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Sri Lanka. Royal Asiatic Society of Sri Lanka. 1992. p. 120.

External links

  • Information on Mannar (Tamil)
  • Official Mannar.com (Tamil)

Coordinates: 8°58′N 79°53′E / 8.967°N 79.883°E / 8.967; 79.883

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mannar,_Sri_Lanka&oldid=863301564"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mannar,_Sri_Lanka
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Mannar, Sri Lanka"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA