Malaysian general election, 2018

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Malaysian general election, 2018
Malaysia
← 2013 9 May 2018 15th →

All 222 seats to the Dewan Rakyat
112 seats needed for a majority

  Najib Razak 2008-08-21.jpg Asia Pacific Young Business Conference & Trade 2010 (cropped).jpg Tuan Guru Dato' Seri Haji Abdul Hadi Awang.jpg
Leader Najib Razak Mahathir Mohamad Abdul Hadi Awang
Party Barisan Nasional (UMNO) Pakatan Harapan (PPBM) Gagasan Sejahtera (PAS)
Leader since 3 April 2009 7 January 2018 23 July 2002
Leader's seat Pekan Langkawi Marang
Last election 133 seats, 47.38% 68 seats, 37.1%
(Pakatan Rakyat)
24 seats, 14.78%
(Pakatan Rakyat)
Current seats 134 74 14
Seats needed Steady Increase 38 Increase 98

14th Malaysian Election Map.png

Incumbent Prime Minister

Najib Razak
Barisan Nasional



Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Malaysia

The 14th Malaysian general election (GE14 or PRU14, acronym in Malay: Pilihan Raya Umum ke-14) will elect members of the 14th Parliament of Malaysia on 9 May 2018.[1] The 13th Parliament of Malaysia was dissolved on 7 April 2018. It would have been automatically dissolved on 24 June 2018, five years after the first meeting of the first session of the 13th Parliament of Malaysia on 24 June 2013.[2]

The Constitution of Malaysia requires that a general election to be held in the fifth calendar year unless it is dissolved earlier by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong due to a motion of no-confidence or at the request of the Prime Minister.

The 222 members of the House of Representatives (Malay: Dewan Rakyat) are elected from single-member constituencies using the first-past-the-post voting system. Malaysia does not practice compulsory voting and automatic voter registration. The voting age is 21 although the age of majority in the country is 18. The redistricting of electoral boundaries for the entire country had been presented to and passed by the Dewan Rakyat, and subsequently gazetted on 29 March 2018 after obtaining the royal consent of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong ahead of the 14th general election.[3] Elections are conducted by the Election Commission of Malaysia (EC), which is under the jurisdiction of the Prime Minister's Department.

Prior to the election, concerns have been raised about the redistricting efforts, including accusations of gerrymandering.[4] The government has been criticised for rushing through the redistricting process, and for creating disproportionately large districts in opposition strongholds, where one MP may represent as many as 10 times as many constituents as an MP in a government dominated district.[5]

Timeline

The following are the key events leading to the 14th general election in Malaysia:

  • Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak has tabled the Election Commission's redelineation report in Parliament whereby in which 98 out of 165 parliamentary seats in Peninsular Malaysia.[6] However, there were no recommendations on redelineation for the state of Sabah by the Election Commission despite the state government amending the state constitution in August 2016 to increase the amount of state assembly seats there from 60 seats to 73 seats.[7]
  • Najib Razak has announced that the Malaysian Parliament will be dissolved on 7 April 2018, on the consent of Sultan Muhammad V, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia. The announcement was made by the Malaysian Prime Minister at about 12 pm local time on 6 April 2018 in his office in Putrajaya, was broadcast live on TV1, a television channel owned by the government of Malaysia. It is known that before the announcement, the Prime Minister had had an audience with the country's monarch to seek his consent to dissolve the Parliament in the same morning. The dissolution of the 13th Parliament of Malaysia will pave the way for the 14th general election which must be held within 60 days of Parliament's dissolution.[8]
  • Election Commission chairman Mohd. Hashim Abdullah announced that the 14th General Election will take place on 9 May 2018 with Nomination Day set on 28 April 2018 and early polling day set on 5 May 2018. He further announced that 14,940,624 voters are expected to vote at 8,989 polling centres opened nationwide.[1]

Dissolution of state legislative assemblies

While any state may dissolve its assembly independently of the Federal Parliament, the traditional practice is for most state assemblies to be dissolved at the same time as Parliament. In accordance with Malaysian law, the parliament as well as the legislative assemblies of each state (Dewan Undangan Negeri) would automatically dissolve on the fifth anniversary of the first sitting, and elections must be held within sixty days of the dissolution, unless dissolved prior to that date by their respective Heads of State on the advice of their Heads of Government.

Below are the dates of which the legislative assembly of each state dissolved:

State legislatives
assemblies
First legislative day Expected last legislative day Expected election day
(on or before)
Dissolution day
Kelantan Kelantan 13 June 2013 13 June 2018 13 August 2018 7 April 2018[9]
Terengganu Terengganu 16 June 2013 16 June 2018 16 August 2018 9 April 2018
Negeri Sembilan Negeri Sembilan 17 June 2013 17 June 2018 17 August 2018 7 April 2018[10]
Johor Johor 20 June 2013 20 June 2018 20 August 2018 7 April 2018[11]
Selangor Selangor 21 June 2013 21 June 2018 21 August 2018 9 April 2018
Kedah Kedah 23 June 2013 23 June 2018 23 August 2018 7 April 2018[9]
Perlis Perlis 28 June 2013 28 June 2018 28 August 2018 7 April 2018[12]
Penang Penang 28 June 2013 28 June 2018 28 August 2018 10 April 2018[13]
Perak Perak 28 June 2013 28 June 2018 28 August 2018 9 April 2018[14]
Pahang Pahang 1 July 2013 1 July 2018 1 September 2018 7 April 2018[9]
Malacca Melaka 1 July 2013 1 July 2018 1 September 2018 7 April 2018[15]
Sabah Sabah 13 June 2013 13 June 2018 13 September 2018 7 April 2018[16]

Electoral system

The 222 members of the Dewan Rakyat, the dominant house of Parliament, were elected in single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting.

Malaysia does not practice compulsory voting and automatic voter registration. The voting age is 21 although the age of majority in the country is 18. The election was conducted by the Election Commission of Malaysia.

Contesting parties

The following parties are expected to contest in this General Election:

Symbol Party or coalition Party or coalition members Remarks Ideology
Barisan Nasional Logo.svg Barisan Nasional (National Front) Coalition Social conservatism, Economic liberalism
Parti Keadilan Rakyat logo.svg Pakatan Harapan (Alliance of Hope)[1] Coalition Social democracy, Social liberalism
PAS logo.svg Gagasan Sejahtera (Harmonious Alliance) Coalition Islamic fundamentalism, Islamic conservatism
No logo Gagasan Sabah Bersatu (United Sabah Alliance) Coalition Regionalism
Sabah Heritage Party (WARISAN) N/A Single party Regionalism
Socialist Party of Malaysia Flag.svg Socialist Party of Malaysia (PSM) N/A Single party Democratic socialism, Secularism
Parti Rakyat Malaysia logo.png Malaysian People's Party (PRM) N/A Single party Democratic socialism, Left-wing nationalism
No logo Love Sabah Party (PCS) N/A Single party Regionalism
State Reform Party (STAR) N/A Single party Regionalism
No logo New Sarawak Native People's Party (PBDS Baru) N/A Single party Dayak nationalism
Note
  1. ^ - Democratic Action Party in East Malaysia uses their own rocket symbol instead of the blue eye symbol.

Last election pendulum

The previous General Election witnessed 133 governmental seats and 89 non-governmental seats filled the Dewan Rakyat. The government side has 44 safe seats and 34 fairly safe seats, while the other side has 33 safe seats and 18 fairly safe seats.

Extended content
GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Mas Gading Nogeh Gumbek SPDP 40.6
Keningau Joseph Pairin Kitingan PBS 43.8
Pensiangan Joseph Kurup PBRS 44.3
Kota Marudu Maximus Johnity Ongkili PBS 45.9
Cameron
Highlands
Palanivel K. Govindasamy MIC 46.2
Tenom Raime Unggi UMNO 46.7
Baram Anyi Ngau SPDP 48.9
Ranau Ewon Ebin UPKO 49.2
Bentong Liow Tiong Lai MCA 49.4
Beaufort Azizah Mohd Dun UMNO 49.4
Labis Chua Tee Yong MCA 49.5
Sungai Besar Noriah Kasnon UMNO 49.6
Kuala Selangor Irmohizam Ibrahim UMNO 49.6
Pasir Gudang Normala Abdul Samad UMNO 49.6
Bagan Serai Noor Azmi Ghazali UMNO 49.7
Hulu Selangor Kamalanathan Panchanathan MIC 49.9
Ketereh Annuar Musa UMNO 50.1
Machang Ahmad Jazlan Yaakub UMNO 50.1
Tebrau Khoo Soo Seang MCA 50.1
Kota Belud Abdul Rahman Dahlan UMNO 50.1
Jerai Jamil Khir Baharom UMNO 50.2
Segamat Subramaniam Sathasivam MIC 50.3
Kuala Kangsar Wan Mohammad Khair-il Anuar
Wan Ahmad
UMNO 50.4
Arau Shahidan Kassim UMNO 50.6
Bera Ismail Sabri Yaakob UMNO 50.6
Titiwangsa Johari Abdul Ghani UMNO 50.6
Ledang Hamim Samuri UMNO 50.7
Tasek Gelugor Shabudin Yahaya UMNO 50.8
Setiawangsa Ahmad Fauzi Zahari UMNO 50.8
Tuaran Madius Tangau UPKO 50.8
Kulim-
Bandar Baharu
Abd. Aziz Sheikh Fadzir UMNO 51.0
Muar Razali Ibrahim UMNO 51.0
Pulai Nur Jazlan Mohamed UMNO 51.0
Balik Pulau Hilmi Yahaya UMNO 51.1
Pendang Othman Abdul UMNO 51.5
Merbok Ismail Daut UMNO 51.9
Bagan Datok Ahmad Zahid Hamidi UMNO 52.1
Sabak Bernam Mohd Fasiah Mohd Fakeh UMNO 52.1
Baling Abdul Azeez Abdul Rahim UMNO 52.5
Sik Mansor Abd Rahman UMNO 52.6
Sepanggar Jumat Idris UMNO 52.6
Saratok William Ikom SPDP 52.6
Jerlun Othman Aziz UMNO 52.8
Tanjong Malim Ong Ka Chuan MCA 53.0
Tanah Merah Ikmal Hisham Abdul Aziz UMNO 53.1
Sekijang Anuar Abdul Manap UMNO 53.2
Jerantut Ahmad Nazlan Idris UMNO 53.7
Kepala Batas Reezal Merican Naina Merican UMNO 53.8
Padang Rengas Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz UMNO 53.8
Tawau Mary Yap Kain Ching PBS 53.8
Kangar Shaharuddin Ismail UMNO 53.9
Sri Aman Masir Kujat PRS 54.4
Tanjong Karang Noh Omar UMNO 54.5
Padang Terap Mahdzir Khalid UMNO 54.6
Lubok Antu William Nyallau Badak PRS 54.7
Tanjong Piai Wee Jeck Seng MCA 55.0
Lipis Abdul Rahman Mohamad UMNO 55.1
Tambun Ahmad Husni Hanadzlah UMNO 55.3
Larut Hamzah Zainudin UMNO 55.6
Johor Bahru Shahrir Abdul Samad UMNO 55.8
Fairly safe
Batu Sapi Linda Tsen Thau Lin PBS 56.0
Besut Idris Jusoh UMNO 56.1
Setiu Che Mohamad Zulkifly Jusoh UMNO 56.1
Tapah Saravanan Murugan MIC 56.1
Sri Gading Aziz Kaprawi UMNO 56.4
Jeli Mustapa Mohamed UMNO 56.5
Hulu Terengganu Jailani Johari UMNO 56.5
Kemaman Ahmad Shabery Cheek UMNO 56.9
Parit Mohd Zaim Abu Hassan UMNO 56.9
Jempol Mohd Isa Abdul Samad UMNO 56.9
Simpang
Renggam
Liang Teck Meng GERAKAN 57.0
Pasir Salak Tajuddin Abdul Rahman UMNO 57.4
Kuala Krau Ismail Mohamed Said UMNO 57.5
Bintulu Tiong King Sing SPDP 57.6
Lenggong Shamsul Anuar Nasarah UMNO 58.1
Selangau Joseph Entulu Belaun PRS 58.1
Silam Nasrun Mansur UMNO 58.2
Julau Joseph Salang Gandum PRS 58.3
Kubang Pasu Mohd Johari Baharum UMNO 58.4
Paya Besar Abdul Manan Ismail UMNO 58.4
Jelebu Zainuddin Ismail UMNO 58.4
Ayer Hitam Wee Ka Siong MCA 58.4
Kanowit Aaron Ago Dagang PRS 58.5
Putatan Marcus Mojigoh UPKO 58.7
Maran Ismail Muttalib UMNO 59.1
Alor Gajah Koh Nai Kwong MCA 59.2
Jasin Ahmad Hamzah UMNO 59.5
Kimanis Anifah Aman UMNO 59.5
Padang Besar Zahidi Zainul Abidin UMNO 59.6
Safe
Kudat Abdul Rahim Bakri UMNO 60.2
Tampin Shaziman Abu Mansor UMNO 60.4
Gerik Hasbullah Osman UMNO 60.6
Parit Sulong Noraini Ahmad UMNO 60.9
Gua Musang Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah UMNO 61.0
Kuala Pilah Hasan Malek UMNO 61.0
Libaran Juslie Ajirol UMNO 61.2
Tangga Batu Abu Bakar Mohamad Diah UMNO 61.4
Hulu Rajang Ugak Kumbong PRS 61.8
Rembau Khairy Jamaluddin UMNO 62.1
Mambong James Dawos Mamit PBB 62.8
Sembrong Hishammuddin Hussein UMNO 63.7
Sibuti Ahmad Lai Bujang UMNO 63.8
Papar Rosnah Abdul Rashid Shirlin UMNO 63.9
Kalabakan Abdul Ghapur Salleh UMNO 64.0
Pagoh Muhyiddin Yassin UMNO 64.8
Pontian Ahmad Maslan UMNO 65.0
Rompin Jamaluddin Jarjis UMNO 65.5
Labuan Rozman Isli UMNO 65.6
Kinabatangan Bung Moktar Radin UMNO 67.0
Langkawi Nawawi Ahmad UMNO 67.2
Sipitang Sapawi Ahmad UMNO 67.3
Putrajaya Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor UMNO 69.0
Masjid Tanah Mas Ermieyati Samsudin UMNO 69.7
Beluran Ronald Kiandee UMNO 69.7
Mersing Abdul Latiff Ahmad UMNO 70.2
Lawas Henry Sum Agong PBB 70.6
Limbang Hasbi Habibollah PBB 72.8
Serian Richard Riot Jaem SUPP 73.5
Tenggara Halimah Mohamed Sadique UMNO 73.7
Pekan Najib Razak UMNO 75.2
Batang Lupar Rohani Abdul Karim PBB 75.4
Mukah Leo Michael Toyad PBB 75.5
Betong Douglas Uggah Embas PBB 75.9
Kota Samarahan Rubiah Wang PBB 76.8
Kapit Alexander Nanta Linggi PBB 77.1
Petra Jaya Fadillah Yusof PBB 77.8
Semporna Mohd Shafie Apdal UMNO 81.1
Pengerang Azalina Othman Said UMNO 81.9
Kota Tinggi Noor Ehsanuddin
Mohd Harun Narrashid
UMNO 82.4
Santubong Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar PBB 84.4
Batang Sadong Nancy Shukri PBB 85.5
Igan Wahab Dolah PBB 85.8
Tanjong Manis Norah Abdul Rahman PBB 87.4
NON-GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Alor Setar Gooi Hsiao-Leung PKR 47.4
Sepang Mohamed Hanipa Maidin PAS 49.1
Bachok Ahmad Marzuk Shaary PAS 49.5
Kuala Nerus Mohd Khairuddin Aman Razali PAS 49.9
Telok Kemang Kamarul Bahrin Abbas PKR 49.9
Temerloh Nasrudin Hassan PAS 50.1
Batu Pahat Mohd Idris Jusi PKR 50.1
Bukit Gantang Idris Ahmad PAS 50.2
Sarikei Wong Ling Biu DAP 50.4
Pasir Puteh Nik Mazian Nik Mohamad PAS 50.8
Lembah Pantai Nurul Izzah Anwar PKR 51.0
Sandakan Wong Tien Fatt DAP 51.0
Miri Michael Teo Yu Keng PKR 51.0
Kuala Krai Mohd Hatta Ramli PAS 51.2
Gombak Mohamed Azmin Ali PKR 51.4
Dungun Wan Hassan Mohd Ramli PAS 51.9
Sungai Siput Michael Jeyakumar Devaraj PKR 51.9
Raub Ariff Sabri Abdul Aziz DAP 52.1
Sibu Oscar Ling Chai Yew DAP 52.1
Pokok Sena Mahfuz Omar PAS 52.2
Kuala Langat Abdullah Sani Abdul Hamid PKR 52.2
Seremban Loke Siew Fook DAP 52.2
Kuala Kedah Azman Ismail PKR 52.3
Marang Abdul Hadi Awang PAS 52.6
Bukit Katil Shamsul Iskandar Md. Akin PKR 52.6
Padang Serai Surendran Nagarajan PKR 53.0
Bakri Er Teck Hwa DAP 53.4
Kluang Liew Chin Tong DAP 54.0
Kuantan Fuziah Salleh PKR 54.1
Wangsa Maju Tan Kee Kwong PKR 54.4
Sungai Petani Johari Abdul PKR 54.7
Kampar Ko Chung Sen DAP 54.7
Lumut Mohamad Imran Abdul Hamid PKR 54.8
Kapar Manivannan Gowindasamy PKR 55.1
Beruas Ngeh Koo Ham DAP 55.5
Shah Alam Khalid Samad PAS 55.7
Tumpat Kamarudin Jaffar PAS 55.8
Pasir Mas Nik Mohamad Abduh Nik Abdul Aziz PAS 55.8
Fairly safe
Kuala Terengganu Raja Kamarul Bahrin Shah PAS 56.0
Indera Mahkota Fauzi Abdul Rahman PKR 56.1
Telok Intan Seah Leong Peng DAP 56.3
Bandar Tun Razak Abdul Khalid Ibrahim PKR 56.4
Selayang William Leong Jee Keen PKR 56.7
Rantau Panjang Siti Zailah Mohd Yusoff PAS 56.9
Nibong Tebal Mansor Othman PKR 57.1
Hulu Langat Che Rosli Che Mat PAS 57.1
Gelang Patah Lim Kit Siang DAP 57.2
Batu Chua Tian Chang PKR 57.9
Kulai Teo Nie Ching DAP 57.9
Taiping Nga Kor Ming DAP 58.5
Gopeng Lee Boon Chye PKR 58.5
Permatang Pauh Wan Azizah Wan Ismail PKR 58.6
Ampang Zuraida Kamarudin PKR 58.8
Subang Sivarasa K. Rasiah PKR 58.8
Parit Buntar Mujahid Yusof Rawa PAS 58.9
Lanang Alice Lau Kiong Yieng DAP 59.3
Safe
Kota Bharu Takiyuddin Hassan PAS 61.5
Penampang Ignatius Dorell Leiking PKR 61.8
Kota Melaka Sim Tong Him DAP 62.3
Petaling Jaya
Selatan
Hee Loy Sian PKR 63.0
Pengkalan Chepa Izani Husin PAS 63.2
Bayan Baru Sim Tze Tzin PKR 63.4
Stampin Julian Tan Kok Ping DAP 63.7
Klang Charles Anthony R. Santiago DAP 63.9
Kota Raja Siti Mariah Mahmud PAS 63.9
Segambut Lim Lip Eng DAP 64.6
Kubang Kerian Ahmad Baihaki Atiqullah PAS 64.7
Rasah Teo Kok Seong DAP 65.1
Kelana Jaya Wong Chen PKR 65.8
Pandan Rafizi Ramli PKR 65.9
Puchong Gobind Singh Deo DAP 66.7
Serdang Ong Kian Ming DAP 67.1
Jelutong Jeff Ooi Chuan Aun DAP 70.3
Ipoh Barat Kulasegaran Murugeson DAP 72.2
Kota Kinabalu Wong Sze Phin DAP 72.2
Bukit Bintang Fong Kui Lun DAP 72.8
Batu Kawan Kasthuriraani Patto DAP 73.1
Bandar Kuching Chong Chieng Jen DAP 73.8
Ipoh Timor Su Keong Siong DAP 75.5
Batu Gajah Sivakumar Varatharaju Naidu DAP 76.7
Bukit Bendera Zairil Khir Johari DAP 77.2
Bagan Lim Guan Eng DAP 77.8
Bukit Gelugor Karpal Singh Ram Singh DAP 80.1
Bukit Mertajam Steven Sim Chee Kiong DAP 80.5
Cheras Tan Kok Wai DAP 81.2
Petaling Jaya
Utara
Tony Pua Kiam Wee DAP 81.3
Kepong Tan Seng Giaw DAP 81.8
Tanjong Ng Wei Aik DAP 82.8
Seputeh Teresa Kok Suh Sim DAP 85.7

Endorsements

Newspapers, organisations and individuals have endorsed parties or individual candidates for the election.

Opinion polls

Note that simple percentages is not a good predictor of which party will win the next election – in 2013, Barisan Nasional won 133 seats in the 222-seat Dewan Rakyat, enough for a simple majority, despite the opposition Pakatan Rakyat winning a larger share of the popular vote.

Date Pollster Sample BN PH GS Others Lead
January 2017 IM 104,340 27% 41% 21% 14% (Und.) 14%
26-30 Aug 2016 IDE 31,341 29% 59% 12% - 30%
5 May 2013 General election 11,257,147 47.38% 50.87% N/A 1.75% 3.49%

Aside from conducting the usual opinion surveys on general party preferences, polling firms also survey public opinion on who would make the best Prime Minister:

Polling firm Date Sample size Abdul Hadi Awang Anwar Ibrahim Lim Kit Siang Mahathir Mohamad Muhyiddin Yassin
IDE 26–30 Aug 2016 1,761 14% 30% 15% 24% 17%

Election spending

Spending by candidates

Before the campaign, there were no limits to what a political party, candidate, or third party (corporations, unions, special interest groups, etc.) can spend: spending rules are only in force after the writs have been dropped and the campaign has begun. Malaysian election law set election spending limit at RM 200,000 for each parliamentary candidate and half of the latter for each state legislature candidate.[17]

Spending by Election Commission

Election Commission chairman Mohd. Hashim Abdullah announced that it is spending RM 500 million for this General Election,[1] RM 100 million more than the previous one.

Election observers

The Election Commission has invited 14 countries to participate in the polls as foreign observers, comprising representatives of election management bodies from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Commonwealth of Nations, Asian and European countries as well as a study and support centre for the Malaysian Commonwealth Studies Centre based in Cambridge, United Kingdom. Seven countries who have agreed to send their representatives including Indonesia, Thailand, Maldives, Timor-Leste, Cambodia, Kyrgyzstan and Azerbaijan.[18]

Election results

All 222 parliamentary seats (and 505 seats of 12 state legislative assemblies) will be contested in this General Election.

Parliament results


Controversies

Police officers guarding a road during the Malaysian general election, 2013

There had been many controversies even before the general election started, mostly regarding gerrymandering and electoral boundary re-delineations in favour of the ruling party.

Gerrymandering

Opposition parties, non-governmental organisations and even politicians from the ruling party has accused the government of gerrymandering in favour of Barisan Nasional in a re-delineation of the electoral boundaries.[19] Most of the newly redrawn boundaries do not have approximately equal number of voter distribution.[20] The body regulating elections in Malaysia, the Electoral Commission, has been known for its poor reputation surrounding transparency, and has been accused of being directly manipulated by the ruling government.

The Electoral Integrity Project (EIP), an independent academic project based at Harvard University and the University of Sydney that studies election integrity and assigns PEI scores (Global Perceptions of Electoral Integrity) to countries across the world, had in its most recent research paper published in November 2017, determined and ranked Malaysia's election integrity at 142nd out of 158 countries, just above Zimbabwe (143th), Vietnam (147th) and Afghanistan (150th).[21]

Polling Day on midweek

Some of Malaysians protested the EC's decision to set Polling Day on midweek (Wednesday, 9 May) rather than to set it on weekend (i.e. Saturday) as it had been in the previous General Elections. Some of them, including Pakatan Harapan chairman Mahathir Mohamad,[22] PAS deputy president Tuan Ibrahim Tuan Man[23] and Bersih chairperson Maria Chin,[24] viewed such decision to be unfair, undemocratic and a trial of depriving people's right to vote; some other have even claimed that such decision was influenced by Barisan Nasional.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Marzukhi, Hafiz (10 April 2018). "PRU 14: SPR tetapkan Rabu 9 Mei hari mengundi" (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 10 April 2018. 
  2. ^ "Federal Government Gazette [Proclamation]" (PDF). Attorney General's Chambers of Malaysia. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
  3. ^ "Redelineation report gazetted with king's consent". Free Malaysia Today. 29 March 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
  4. ^ M. Veera Pandiyan (21 September 2016). "Return of the gerrymander". The Star. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
  5. ^ Shannon Teoh (3 February 2018). "Malaysia elections: New electoral maps set to favour ruling coalition". The Straits Times. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
  6. ^ Rashvinjeet S. Bedi (28 March 2018). "PM tables redelineation report, significant changes in some states". The Star. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
  7. ^ Ram Anand (28 March 2018). "Sabah excluded from EC's redelineation report despite state amendment to increase seats". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
  8. ^ "GE14: It's on, Parliament will dissolve on Saturday". The Star. 6 April 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
  9. ^ a b c "8 state assemblies dissolved so far". Bernama. Free Malaysia Today. 7 April 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  10. ^ "Yang Dipertuan Besar consents to dissolution of Negri Sembilan state assembly". Bernama. The Malay Mail. 6 April 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  11. ^ "Sultan Ibrahim consents to dissolution of Johor state assembly". Bernama. The Malay Mail. 6 April 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  12. ^ "Perlis state assembly to dissolve tomorrow, says Azlan". Bernama. The Malay Mail. 6 April 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  13. ^ Dermawan, Audrey (9 April 2018). "DUN Pulau Pinang bubar esok". Harian Metro (in Malay). Retrieved 9 April 2018. 
  14. ^ Daud, Ridauddin (9 April 2018). "Sultan Nazrin berkenan bubar DUN Perak". Sinar Harian (in Malay). 
  15. ^ "Melaka to dissolve state assembly tomorrow". Bernama. The Malay Mail. 6 April 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  16. ^ Julia Chan (6 April 2018). "CM: Sabah assembly's dissolution tomorrow". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 8 April 2018. 
  17. ^ Malaysia (2016). Akta Kesalahan Pilihan Raya 1954 (in Malay). s. 19(1).
  18. ^ "Malaysia election: Seven countries confirm participation as foreign observers for May 9 vote". The Straits Times. 10 April 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2018. 
  19. ^ Michael Murty (3 January 2018). "Gerakan man flays EC for 'gerrymandering of the highest order'". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
  20. ^ Yiswaree Palansamy (20 January 2017). "Selangor lists six 'supersized' seats as examples of EC's alleged gerrymandering". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
  21. ^ Looi Sue-Chern (1 December 2017). "Study finds Malaysia near bottom in electoral integrity". The Malaysian Insight. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
  22. ^ Koh Jun Lin. "Wednesday polling day 'undemocratic', says Dr M". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 11 April 2018. 
  23. ^ Md Sharom, Nina Fazurin (10 April 2018). "Merompak hak rakyat untuk mengundi". Sinar Harian (in Malay). Retrieved 11 April 2018. 
  24. ^ Phung, Adrian; Singh, Rajvinder (10 April 2018). "Bersih 2.0 slams EC's midweek polling date". The Sun Daily. Retrieved 11 April 2018. 

External links

  • Merdeka Center: Poll Report
  • Malaysia Memilih 2018

Manifestos

  • BN: Download
  • PH: Download
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