Mainstream Top 40

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Mainstream Top 40 (also called Pop Songs on billboard.com and sometimes referred to as Top 40/CHR) is a 40-song music chart published weekly by Billboard Magazine which ranks the most popular songs being played on a panel of Top 40 radio stations in the United States. The rankings are based on radio airplay detections as measured by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems (Nielsen BDS). Arbitron refers to the format as contemporary hit radio (CHR).

History

The chart debuted in Billboard Magazine in its issued date October 3, 1992, with the introduction of two Top 40 airplay charts, Mainstream and Rhythm-Crossover. Both Top 40 charts measured "actual monitored airplay" from data compiled by Broadcast Data Systems (BDS). The Top 40/Mainstream chart was compiled from airplay on radio stations playing a wide variety of music, while the Top 40/Rhythm-Crossover chart was made up from airplay on stations playing more dance and R&B music.[1] Both charts were "born of then-new BDS electronic monitoring technology" as a more objective and precise way of measuring airplay on radio stations. This data was also used as the airplay component for Hot 100 tabulations.[1]

Top 40/Mainstream was published in the print edition of Billboard from its debut in October 1992 through May 1995, when both Top 40 charts were moved exclusively to Airplay Monitor, a secondary chart publication by Billboard. They returned to the print edition in the August 2, 2003, issue.[2]

Chart criteria

Songs on the chart are ranked by the total number of spins detected per week. Songs which gain plays or remain flat from the previous week will receive a bullet. A song will also receive a bullet if its percentage loss in plays does not exceed the percentage of monitored station downtime for the format. If two songs are tied in total plays, the song with the larger increase in plays is placed first.

There are forty positions on this chart and it is solely based on radio airplay. A number of Top 40 Mainstream radio stations are electronically monitored 24 hours a day, seven days a week by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems. Songs are ranked by a calculation of the total number of spins per week with its "audience impression", which is based upon exact times of airplay and each station's Arbitron listener data.

Songs receiving the greatest growth will receive a "bullet", although there are tracks that will also get bullets if the loss in detections doesn't exceed the percentage of downtime from a monitored station. "Airpower" awards are issued to songs that appear on the top 20 of both the airplay and audience chart for the first time, while the "greatest gainer" award is given to song with the largest increase in detections. A song with six or more spins in its first week is awarded an "airplay add". If a song is tied for the most spins in the same week, the one with the biggest increase that previous week will rank higher, but if both songs show the same amount of spins regardless of detection the song that is being played at more stations is ranked higher.

Since the introduction of the chart until 2005, songs below No. 20 were moved to recurrent after 26 weeks on the chart. In the chart week of December 3, 2005, songs below No. 20 were moved to recurrent after 20 weeks on the chart. Since the issue dated December 4, 2010, songs older than 20 weeks on the chart are moved to recurrent after they drop below No. 15.

This chart was often mistaken for and confused with the now discontinued Pop 100 Airplay chart.[citation needed] Whereas the Top 40 Mainstream and Pop 100 Airplay charts both measured the airplay of songs played on Mainstream stations playing pop-oriented music, the Pop 100 Airplay (like the Hot 100 Airplay) measured airplay based on statistical impressions, while the Top 40 Mainstream chart used the number of total detections.

All-time chart achievements

On October 19, 2017, the Mainstream Top 40 co-hosts, Gary Trust and Trevor Anderson, gave hints as to what the number 1 all-time Mainstream Top 40 song was going to be on the charts.[3] Later that day, the top 100 all-time songs and the top 50-all time artists were released, with the number 1 all-time song being revealed as "Another Night" by Real McCoy.[4] Shown below are the top 10 songs and the top 10 artists from each chart.

Top 10 Pop Songs of all time (1992–2017)

Rank Single Year released Artist(s) Peak and duration
1.
"Another Night"
1994
Real McCoy #1 for 6 weeks
2.
"Smooth"
1999
Santana featuring Rob Thomas #1 for 8 weeks
3.
"Hanging by a Moment"
2000
Lifehouse #2 for 12 weeks
4.
"Apologize"
2007
Timbaland featuring OneRepublic #1 for 8 weeks
5.
"How You Remind Me"
2001
Nickelback #1 for 10 weeks
6.
"Here Without You"
2003
3 Doors Down #1 for 2 weeks
7.
"Don't Speak"
1996
No Doubt #1 for 10 weeks
8.
"Iris"
1998
Goo Goo Dolls #1 for 4 weeks
9.
"Closer"
2016
The Chainsmokers featuring Halsey #1 for 11 weeks
10.
"I Love You Always Forever"
1995
Donna Lewis #1 for 11 weeks

Source:[5]

Top 10 Pop Songs artists of all time (1992–2017)

Rank Artist
1.
Rihanna
2.
Pink
3.
Maroon 5
4.
Katy Perry
5.
Justin Timberlake
6.
Britney Spears
7.
Taylor Swift
8.
Kelly Clarkson
9.
Mariah Carey
10.
Bruno Mars

Source:[6]

Song records

A blonde woman wearing a black dress performing
Mariah Carey shares the record with Taylor Swift for the highest debut with "Dreamlover" at #12
Taylor Swift shares the record with Mariah Carey for the highest debut with "Shake It Off" at #12

Highest debut

Debut
Position
Artist Song Debut Date
No. 12
Mariah Carey "Dreamlover" August 14, 1993
Taylor Swift "Shake It Off" September 6, 2014
No. 13
Taylor Swift featuring Kendrick Lamar "Bad Blood" June 6, 2015
No. 14
Lady Gaga "Born This Way" February 26, 2011
Justin Timberlake featuring Jay-Z "Suit & Tie" February 2, 2013
No. 16
Madonna "Frozen" March 7, 1998
Britney Spears "Hold It Against Me" January 29, 2011
No. 18
Taylor Swift "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together" September 1, 2012
Maroon 5 "Maps" July 5, 2014

Most weeks at number one

Number of
weeks
Artist Song Year(s)
14
Ace of Base "The Sign" 1994
11
Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men "One Sweet Day" 1995–96[7]
Donna Lewis "I Love You Always Forever" 1996
Natalie Imbruglia "Torn" 1998
Nelly featuring Tim McGraw "Over and Over" 2004–05
The Chainsmokers featuring Halsey "Closer" 2016
10
Dionne Farris "I Know" 1995
No Doubt "Don't Speak" 1996–97
Céline Dion "My Heart Will Go On" 1998
'N Sync "Bye Bye Bye" 2000
Nickelback "How You Remind Me" 2001–02
Mariah Carey "We Belong Together" 2005[8]
Robin Thicke featuring T.I. and Pharrell "Blurred Lines" 2013
9
Whitney Houston "I Will Always Love You" 1992–93
Janet Jackson "That's the Way Love Goes" 1993
Ace of Base "All That She Wants" 1993
Seal "Kiss from a Rose" 1995
Chumbawamba "Tubthumping" 1997–98
Christina Aguilera, Lil' Kim, Mýa and Pink "Lady Marmalade" 2001
OutKast "Hey Ya!" 2003–04
Leona Lewis "Bleeding Love" 2008
Ed Sheeran "Shape of You" 2017

Source:[9]

Most weeks in the top 10

Number of
weeks
Artist Song Year(s)
28
Real McCoy "Another Night" 1994–95
Goo Goo Dolls "Iris" 1998
27
Lifehouse "Hanging by a Moment" 2001
26
No Doubt "Don't Speak" 1996–97
Savage Garden "Truly Madly Deeply" 1997–98
24
Donna Lewis "I Love You Always Forever" 1996–97
Goo Goo Dolls "Slide" 1998–99
Santana featuring Rob Thomas "Smooth" 1999–00
3 Doors Down "Here Without You" 2003–04
Timbaland featuring OneRepublic "Apologize" 2007–08
The Chainsmokers featuring Halsey "Closer" 2016–17
23
Goo Goo Dolls "Name" 1995–96
Ed Sheeran "Shape of You" 2017

Most weeks on the chart

Number of
weeks
Artist Song Year(s) Source
42
Dua Lipa "New Rules" 2018 [10]
41
Edwin McCain "I'll Be" 1998 [10]
39
Real McCoy "Another Night" 1995 [10]
Goo Goo Dolls "Iris" 1999 [10]
"Slide" [10]
38
Santana featuring Rob Thomas "Smooth" 2000 [10]
P!nk "U + Ur Hand" 2007 [10]
37
MAX featuring gnash "Lights Down Low" 2018 [10]

Longest climbs to number one

Week reached
number one
Artist Song Year Source
26th week
Alessia Cara "Here" 2016 [11]
25th week
CeeLo Green "Forget You" 2011 [11]
Demi Lovato "Give Your Heart a Break" 2012 [11]
24th week
Alessia Cara "Scars to Your Beautiful" 2017 [citation needed]
23rd week
P!nk "U + Ur Hand" 2007 [citation needed]
Ellie Goulding "Lights" 2012 [12]
Shawn Mendes "Stitches" 2015 [citation needed]
22nd week
Dua Lipa "New Rules" 2018 [citation needed]
21st week
Jewel "You Were Meant for Me" 1997 [citation needed]
Eagle-Eye Cherry "Save Tonight" 1999 [citation needed]
20th week
Niall Horan "Slow Hands" 2017 [citation needed]
Camila Cabello "Never Be the Same" 2018 [citation needed]

Longest climbs to the top 10

Week reached
top 10
Artist Song Year Source
35th week
Lauv "I Like Me Better" 2018 [10]
31st week
Edwin McCain "I'll Be" 1998 [10]
27th week
MAX featuring gnash "Lights Down Low" 2018 [10]
25th week
MKTO "Classic" 2014 [10]
Daya "Sit Still, Look Pretty" 2016 [10]
Jon Bellion "All Time Low" 2017 [10]

Highest weekly plays

Below are listed the 10 songs with the most weekly plays under Billboard's then panel. The panel is regularly updated, with stations being added or removed sometimes even weekly, and often expanded, thus the spins record is broken quite frequently.

Artist records

Rihanna shares the record with Katy Perry for the most number-one singles (with 11) and holds the record for the most top ten singles (with 30), and the most overall appearances on the chart since her debut (49).[14]
A woman performing on stage
Katy Perry shares the record with Rihanna for the most number-one singles (with 11). Katy holds the record for most cumulative weeks at number one for Pop Songs.[15]

Artists with the most number-one singles

Source:[16][17]

Artists with the most cumulative weeks at number-one

Source:[18][19]

Artists with the most top 10 singles

Source:[20][21]

Artists with the most entries

Source:[24]

Self-replacement at number one

† Iggy Azalea is the only act in Mainstream Top 40 history to replace herself at number one with her first two chart entries.

Source:[25]

Additional artist achievements

Lady Gaga is the only musical artist in history to have her first six singles all reach the number-one position on this chart.
  • Lady Gaga is the only artist to have her first six singles reach No. 1.[26]
  • As of 2011, Britney Spears holds the record for the longest span between No. 1s at 12 years, seven months and four days between her first No.1 and her latest.[27]
  • Katy Perry's Teenage Dream is the first and only album to have 6 singles top the chart.[28]
  • JoJo at age 13, became the youngest solo artist to have a number-one single on the chart with "Leave (Get Out)".[29]

Album records

Most number-one singles from an album

Source:[30]

Use in countdown shows

From January 9, 1993, until its last first-run show on January 28, 1995, American Top 40 used this chart as its main source after having used the Hot 100 Airplay chart since 1991.

References

  1. ^ a b "Chart Histories—Top 40 Airplay". Billboard 100th Anniversary Issue 1894–1994: 264. November 1, 1994. 
  2. ^ Girard, Keith (August 2, 2003). "The Evolution Continues". Billboard. 115 (31): 10. Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Chart Beat Podcast: The Top 25 Pop Songs of the Past 25 Years, by Britney Spears, Rihanna & More". Billboard.com. Retrieved December 8, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Rihanna Rules as No. 1 Artist In Pop Songs Chart's 25-Year History". Billboard.com. Retrieved December 8, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Greatest of All Time Pop Songs". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. October 19, 2017. Retrieved October 25, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Greatest of All Time: Pop Songs Artists". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. November 12, 2017. Retrieved November 12, 2017. 
  7. ^ Trust, Gary (March 16, 2014). "March 16, 1996: Mariah Carey, Boyz II Men's 'One Sweet Day' Makes History On Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved July 29, 2015. 
  8. ^ Trust, Gary (March 26, 2010). "Ask Billboard: Happy 40th, Mariah!". Billboard. Retrieved July 29, 2015. 
  9. ^ "The Chainsmokers' 'Closer' Ties for Second-Longest No. 1 Run Atop Pop Songs Chart". Billboard. December 6, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Lauv's 'I Like Me Better' & Dua Lipa's 'New Rules' Set Longevity Records on Pop Songs Chart". Billboard. June 18, 2018. Retrieved June 18, 2018. 
  11. ^ a b c "Alessia Cara's 'Here' Completes Record Climb to No. 1 on Pop Songs Chart". Billboard. 
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-24. Retrieved 2016-06-27. 
  13. ^ a b "Taylor Swift's 'Bad Blood' Tops Another Tally & Breaks Weekly Plays Record". Billboard. July 13, 2015. Retrieved July 13, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Rihanna Rewrites Record For Most Pop Songs No. 1s". Billboard. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Katy Perry Ties For Most Pop Songs No. 1s". Billboard. Retrieved October 7, 2013. 
  16. ^ Trust, Gary (March 26, 2018). "Bruno Mars & Cardi B's 'Finesse' Tops Pop Songs Airplay Chart". Billboard. Retrieved March 26, 2018. 
  17. ^ Trust, Gary (October 16, 2017). "Taylor Swift Tops Pop Songs Chart With 'Look What You Made Me Do'". Billboard. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Katy Perry Sets Record On Pop Songs Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  19. ^ "Chart Highlights: One Direction, Katy Perry, U2 Score New No. 1s". Billboard. Retrieved August 4, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Hot 100 Chart Moves: Hailee Steinfeld's 'Starving' Hits the Top 40". Billboard. September 16, 2016. Retrieved September 16, 2016. 
  21. ^ "BTS Becomes First K-Pop Act With Two Hits on the Pop Songs Chart as 'Fake Love' Debuts". Billboard. June 11, 2018. Retrieved June 11, 2018. 
  22. ^ "Nicki Minaj Chart History". Billboard.com. Retrieved December 8, 2017. 
  23. ^ "Lil Wayne Chart History". Billboard.com. Retrieved April 14, 2018. 
  24. ^ "G-Eazy & Bebe Rexha Rule Pop Songs Chart With 'Me, Myself & I'". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved April 11, 2016. 
  25. ^ "Ariana Grande, Iggy Azalea Top Pop, Rhythmic Songs Charts With 'Problem'". Billboard. 
  26. ^ Trust, Gary (2010-03-15). "Lady Gaga, Beyonce Match Mariah's Record". Billboard. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  27. ^ Trust, Gary (2011-09-12). "Britney Spears' Sustained Success 'Go'-es On At Pop Radio". Billboard. Retrieved 2011-09-12. 
  28. ^ "Katy Perry". Billboard. 
  29. ^ "JoJo Signs Deal with Atlantic Records". Complex. 2014-01-14. Retrieved 2014-06-07. 
  30. ^ "Selena Gomez Scores Third Pop Songs No. 1 With 'Hands to Myself' & Releases New Single From 'Revival'". Billboard. 

External links

  • BDS Top 40 Mainstream reporting panel
  • Pop Songs on Billboard.com
  • BDS Top 40/CHR chart (updated weekly)
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