Mahmoud El Nokrashy Pasha

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Mahmoud El Nokrashy Pasha
27th Prime Minister of Egypt
In office
9 December 1946 – 28 December 1948
Monarch King Farouk
Preceded by Ismail Sedki Pasha
Succeeded by Ibrahim Abdel Hadi Pasha
In office
26 February 1945 – 17 February 1946
Monarch King Farouk
Preceded by Ahmad Mahir Pasha
Succeeded by Ismail Sedki Pasha
Personal details
Born 26 April 1888
Egypt
Died 28 December 1948 (aged 60)
Cairo, Egypt
Nationality Egyptian

Mahmoud Fahmy Elnokrashy Pasha (April 26, 1888 - December 28, 1948) (Arabic: محمود فهمى النقراشى باشا‎, IPA: [mæħˈmuːd ˈfæhmi (e)nnoʔˈɾˤɑːʃi ˈbæːʃæ]) was an Egyptian political figure. He was the second prime minister of the Kingdom of Egypt.[1]

Early life

Nokrashy was born in Alexandria, Egypt in 1888. His Egyptian father was an accountant and his mother was of Turkish origin.[2]

Career

Nokrashy Pasha was a member of the Saadist Institutional Party (SIP) which supported a liberal monarchist programme.[3][4] He was also a member of the secret apparatus of the Wafd Party, Egypt's then main nationalist party.[5]

Nokrashy Pasha served as the prime minister of Egypt twice. His first term was from 1945 to 1946, and the second from 1946 to 1948.[1] In 1948, Nokrashy Pasha became very concerned with the assertiveness and popularity of the Muslim Brotherhood.[6] Rumours of a Brotherhood coup against the monarchy and government had appeared.[6] Shortly after these rumours, he outlawed the Brotherhood in December 1948, leading to his assassination.[6][7][8] In addition, the assets of the group were seized and many of its members incarcerated.[8]

Assassination

Less than three weeks after these activities against the Brotherhood, Nokrashy Pasha was assassinated by Abdel Meguid Ahmed Hassan who was a veterinary student at the University of King Fouad I and a member of the Brotherhood on 28 December 1948 at 10:00 am.[6][8][9][10][11] He was killed in the main building of the Ministry of Interior by Hassan who was wearing the uniform of a lieutenant.[11] Hassan shot him twice.[11] His assassination in turn led to the assassination of Hasan Al Banna on 12 February 1949, a month and a half later, though Banna had condemned the assassination as a terrorist act incompatible with Islam.[6]

The assassin was arrested after the murder, and confessed that he was a member of the Brotherhood.[11] He reported that he killed Nokrashy Pasha due to his reaction to the group and his orders to dissolve the group.[11] He was hanged after the trial and three men who had helped him were sentenced to penal servitude for life.[11]

References

  1. ^ a b "Political leaders: Egypt". Terra. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Akyeampong, Emmanuel; Gates, Henry Louis, eds. (2012), "Nuqrashi, Mahmud Fahmi al", Dictionary of African Biography, Oxford University Press, p. 508, ISBN 0195382072, Nuqrashi, Mahmud Fahmi al- (1888–1948), Egyptian politician and educator, was born in Alexandria on 26 April 1888 to a middle-class family. His father was an Egyptian accountant for the Khedivial mail, and his mother, Hanifa, was of Turkish origin. 
  3. ^ Spencer C. Tucker; Priscilla Roberts (12 May 2008). The Encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli Conflict: A Political, Social, and Military History. ABC-CLIO. p. 723. ISBN 978-1-85109-842-2. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "The Suez Crisis". About.com. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  5. ^ Reid, Donald M. (1982). "Political Assassination in Egypt, 1910-1954". The International Journal of African Historical Studies. 15 (4): 625–651. doi:10.2307/217848. JSTOR 217848. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Hussain, Ghaffar (2010). "A short history of Islamism" (Concept Series). Quilliam. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  7. ^ Gordon, Joel (May 1989). "The False Hopes of 1950: The Wafd's Last Hurrah and the Demise of Egypt's Old Order". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 21 (2): 193–214. doi:10.1017/s0020743800032281. JSTOR 163074. 
  8. ^ a b c Meir-Levi, David. "Hasan Banna". Discover the Networks. 
  9. ^ Abed-Kotob, Sana (August 1995). "The Accommodationists Speak: Goals and Strategies of the Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 27 (3): 321–339. doi:10.1017/s0020743800062115. JSTOR 176254. 
  10. ^ "Profile: Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood". Al Jazeera. 6 February 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f Jabr, Karam (1999). "Two Swords.. with the Qur'an in between!". Arab West Reports. Retrieved 24 December 2012. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Ahmed Maher Pasha
Prime Minister of Egypt
1945–1946
Succeeded by
Ismail Sedky Pasha
Preceded by
Ismail Sedky Pasha
Prime Minister of Egypt
1946–1948
Succeeded by
Ibrahim Abdel Hady Pasha
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