Mahad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mahad
महाड
Tehsil
Savitri River near Mahad
Savitri River near Mahad
Mahad is located in Maharashtra
Mahad
Mahad
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°04′59″N 73°25′01″E / 18.083°N 73.417°E / 18.083; 73.417Coordinates: 18°04′59″N 73°25′01″E / 18.083°N 73.417°E / 18.083; 73.417
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Raigad
Division Konkan
Government
 • Type Municipal Council
 • Body Mahad City Municipal Council
Population (2001)
 • Total 52,174
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 402301
Telephone code 02145
Vehicle registration MH-06
Gandharpale Buddhist Caves
Varandha ghad

Mahad About this sound pronunciation  is a town of Konkan located 108.5 km from District Headquarter of Alibag in southern Raigad District in Maharashtra,India.

It is well-known historically due to its Raigad fort- Former Capital fort of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, hence known as "दुर्गेश्वर रायगड" and the Dalit Social RevolutionMahad Satyagraha launched by Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar at Chavdar Tale.

Mahad was known to be port in Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Era[1] In the 2001 census, the city had a population of 24,276 and its estimated 2012 population was 30,379.[2] It is situated about 150 km to the south of Mumbai (erstwhile Bombay). It has become a tourist destination because of its surroundings and climate.[citation needed] Mahad taluka is the biggest in Raigad district by area.

Etymology

The word Mahad has Konkani origin.It is derived from word "महा"(Maaha) and "हाट"(Haath)."महा" meaning "Great or big" and "हाट" meaning "Market".Hence "A Big Market".

History

The city was well-known in Mahad's history, dating back to as far as Raigad fort, the capital of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Mahad is considered as the Land of freedom fighters. Many revolutionary freedom movements of India originated in Mahad.[citation needed] It is famous for the water satyagraha of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar for Dalits at Chavdar Tale, which played as a turning point in Indian sociopolitical history.

Apart from this, it had a glorious history during the rule of the great Maratha King Shivaji. The capital of Hindavi Swarajya and Samadhi of Shivaji Maharaj is at Raigad fort. which is around 24 km from the city. It was part of Birwadi Subha (Tehsil) and was ruled by Birwadi Subhedar's Kadams (Mahamunkars). The samadhi of Shivaji's mother Jijabai is at Pachad situated at foothills of Raigad fort. Hirkani was from Raigadwadi village.[citation needed] It is true and widely accepted that the Shivaji's political victory was followed by the social revolution carried out by his teacher Saint Tukaram.[citation needed] The village Umarath of Tanaji Malusare & Kinjaloli of Murarbaji are also in the vicinity of Mahad.

The Shivtharghal, which is the birth-place of the most spiritual book Dasbodh written by Samarth Ramdas-The Spiritual Guru of Shivaji Maharaj.

The first RBI governor of India C. D. Deshmukh's birthplace in Nate Village is nearly 8 km from Mahad. According to the mythological story, Gandharpale Caves are the sculptured houses built in one night by the Pandavas.[citation needed] Originally these caves are Buddhist caves build during the reign of Prince Vishnupalita Kambhoja.[3]

Mahad is one of the well-known holiday destinations in Konkan region. It sees heavy rainfall during monsoon. There are numerous temples around Mahad. The festivals most celebrated by local people are Holi (which falls in summer around the month of March) and Ganpati festival (which falls during the monsoon, around the month of September).[citation needed]

Economy

Apart from this, Mahad was the central market for people of Poladpur, the Raigad villages and the hill station Mahabaleshwar. It has a large market.[citation needed] The city is surrounded by the Sahyadri mountain ranges and the Savitri, Kal and Gandhari rivers originating through Mahabaleswar, hills in Mulshi and Raigad fort respectively. Mahad was a flourishing port in the past.[citation needed] "Mahadi Gul"[clarification needed] was well-known in Gujarat, which is made in Satara, Pune districts and exported to other locations through Mahad's port.[citation needed]

Mahad is now well-developed with town infrastructure.Mahad MIDC which is set-up near Birwadi is the small Chemical industry cluster. It houses several polymer,pharmaceutical,organic,pigments,fertilizers manufacturing industies. Mahad is part of proposed Panvel-Mahad-Chiplun-Panjim Economic corridor under Bharatmala Project. Mangaon is an emerging small town with industrial base in 22KM radius with Steel giants like POSCO and JINDAL have their presence here is part of upcomming DMIC Corridor, is just 20km from Mahad.

Dighi Port which is located in Shrivardhan Taluka is 75.4km from Mahad.It is being developed under DMIC.

Transport

Railway

Mangaon railway station approx. 24km is preffered.Veer railway station is near Mahad (13 km) Though only few trains have halt here,it is the main station here.Because it is located along Goa highway, it is quite accessible. Following trains halt at Veer railway station:-

1.(50103)DR-RN Passenger train (DAILY)

2.(50105) DIVA-SWV Passenger train (DAILY)

3.(11003)DR-SWV Tutari Express (DAILY)

4.(12977) Marusagar Express (ONLY ON SATURDAY- FROM Panvel AND Vasai)

Few Holiday special trains have halt at this station.

Karanjadi Railway Station is near Mahad (10 km) Vinhere Railway Station is near Mahad (20 km)

Road

National Highway NH 66 (previously known as NH 17) passes through Mahad.[citation needed] It connects Panvel(Southern Navi-Mumbai) to Kanyakumari, passing through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation has a Bus Depot at Mahad for public transport.[citation needed]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Mahād (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ "Mahād". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2013-02-17. 
  3. ^ Ahir, D. C. (2003). Buddhist sites and shrines in India: history, art, and architecture (1. ed.). Delhi: Sri Satguru Publ. p. 198. ISBN 8170307740. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mahad&oldid=819268137"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahad
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Mahad"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA