Mahad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mahad
City & Sub-District
Savitri River near Mahad
Savitri River near Mahad
Mahad is located in Maharashtra
Mahad
Mahad
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°04′59″N 73°25′01″E / 18.083°N 73.417°E / 18.083; 73.417Coordinates: 18°04′59″N 73°25′01″E / 18.083°N 73.417°E / 18.083; 73.417
Country  India
State Maharashtra
Division Konkan
District Raigad
Sub-district Mahad
Mahad City Municipal Council 1866 A.D.
Government
 • Type Municipal Council
 • Body Mahad City Municipal Council
Area
 • Total 12 km2 (5 sq mi)
Elevation 18 m (59 ft)
Population (2017)
 • Total 87,924
 • Density 7,300/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Mahadkar, Raigadkar
Languages
 • Official Marathi
 • Regional Konkani , Agri-Koli
Sex Ratio and Literacy in Semi-Urban region(Mahad City)
 • Sex Ratio 963 Females : 1000 Males
 • Literacy 94%
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN

402301(Mahad City),

402309(Mahad MIDC/Birwadi)
Telephone code 02145
Vehicle registration MH-06
Website https://www.raigad.nic.in
Gandharpale Buddhist Caves/Pandava Leni
Varandha ghat

Mahad About this sound pronunciation  is a town in Raigad district(formly Kulaba district) situated in the North Konkan region of Maharashtra state, India. It is located 108.5km from District's Headquarter Alibag, and 167km from Mumbai state capital of Maharashtra and Economic capital of India, towards Western Coast.

The town is well-known historically due to its Raigad fort-Former Capital of Maratha Empire in Shivaji Era and Revolutionary Mahad Satyagraha launched by Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar at Chavdar Tale in the wake of Modern India.[1][2]

Tourist attractions nearby

Raigad, popularly known as "Gateway of Konkan", Mahad is among famous tourist destinations in Konkan. Some important tourist attractions are:

  • Raigad Fort
  • Pratapgadh Fort
  • Gandhar Pale Buddhist Caves
  • Shivthar Ghal
  • Lingana Fort
  • Birwadi Fort
  • Warandha Ghat
  • Mulshi-Tamhini Ghat (Bhira)
  • Poladpur
  • Mahabaleshwar
  • Vireshwar Temple
  • Chavdaar Tale Park
  • Mangad
  • Hari-Hareshwar, Shrivardhan and Diveagar Beach
  • Dapoli-Mandangad beach

Etymology

The word "Mahad" derived from Konkani-marathi words "महा"(Mahā) and "हाट"(Hāt)."महा" meaning "Great or big" and "हाट" meaning "Market", which means "A Big Market", as the town was popularly known as.

History

The city was well-known due to its history, dating back to as far as Raigad fort, the capital of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and one of the biggest Socio-political movement in India-Dalit Satyagraha by Dr. Mahad Goolaleh.

Chavdaar Tale Satyagraha and Freedom Movement

Mahad is considered as the Land of freedom fighters. Many revolutionary freedom movements of India originated in Mahad.[citation needed] It is famous for the Chavdaar Tale Water Satyagraha of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar for Dalits at Chavdar Tale, which played as a turning point in Indian sociopolitical history.[citation needed]

Many disciples of Lord Buddha and followers of Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar visit Chavdaar Tale every year on Kranti Din(Day of Revolution).

Shivaji Maharaj and Raigad fort

Apart from this, it had a glorious history during the rule of the great Maratha King Shivaji. The capital of Hindavi Swarajya and Samadhi of Shivaji Maharaj is at Raigad fort. which is around 24 km from the city. It was part of Birwadi Subha (Tehsil) and was ruled by Birwadi Subhedar's Kadams (Mahamunkars). The samadhi of Shivaji's mother Jijabai is at Pachad situated at foothills of Raigad fort. Hirkani was from Raigadwadi village.[citation needed] It is true and widely accepted that the Shivaji's political victory was followed by the social revolution carried out by his teacher Saint Tukaram.[citation needed] The village Umarath of Tanaji Malusare & Kinjaloli of Murarbaji are also in the vicinity of Mahad.

Shivtharghal and Daasbodh

The Shivtharghal, which is the birth-place of the most spiritual book Dasbodh written by Samarth Ramdas-The Spiritual Guru of Shivaji Maharaj.

Mahad Port

Mahad was believed to be a flourishing port in the past. The famous Gul(Jaggery) of Shahupuri Kolhapur and Satara was exported to Gujrat via Mahad.

Now the banks of Savitri river have changed during the course of time and only creek water fishing is carried out and Mahad is no longer known as port.

Yet the Mahad's market is still more prosporous than anyother market in Southern Raigad.

Pandav Leni/Gangharpale Caves

According to the mythological story, Gandharpale Caves are the sculptured houses built in one night by the Pandavas.[citation needed] Originally these caves are Buddhist caves build during the reign of Prince Vishnupalita Kambhoja.[3]

Konkan

Mahad is one of the well-known holiday destinations in North Konkan region. It sees heavy rainfall during monsoon. There are numerous temples around Mahad. The festivals most celebrated by local people are Holi (which falls in summer around the month of March) and Ganpati festival (which falls during the monsoon, around the month of September).[citation needed]

Economy

Central Market

Apart from this, Mahad was the central market for people of Poladpur, the Raigad villages and the hill station Mahabaleshwar. It has a large market.[citation needed] The city is surrounded by the Sahyadri mountain ranges and the Savitri, Kal and Gandhari rivers originating through Mahabaleswar, hills in Mulshi and Raigad fort respectively. Mahad was a flourishing port in the past.[citation needed] "Mahadi Gul"[clarification needed] was well-known in Gujarat, which is made in Satara, Pune districts and exported to other locations through Mahad's port.[citation needed]

Mahad M.I.D.C. and Economic Corridor

Mahad MIDC

Mahad is now well-developed with town infrastructure.Mahad MIDC which is set-up near Birwadi is the small Chemical industry cluster. It houses several polymer, pharmaceutical, organic, pigments, fertilizers manufacturing industries. Notable industries like: •Pidilite •Piramal Healthcare •Sandoz •Lakshmi Organic •Privi Organic •Maharashtra Aldehydes •Sudarshan •Maharashtra Seamless •EMBIO Mahad consists of two Industrial zones- Mahad-Birwadi and Mahad Additional Industrial zone.

Bharatmala

Mahad is part of proposed Panvel-Mahad-Chiplun-Panjim Economic corridor under Bharatmala Project.

Newly emerging City-Mangaon and DMIC corridor

Mangaon is an emerging small town with industrial base in 22KM radius with Steel giants like POSCO and JINDAL have their presence here is part of upcoming DMIC Corridor, is just 20km from Mahad.

Dighi port which is located in Shrivardhan Taluka is 75.4km from Mahad.It is being developed under DMIC.

Transport

Airways

Nearest airports:

Railway

Konkan railway line starts from Roha-Kolad and exits Raigad district via Veer. Konkan railway operates 4 railway stations in Mahad Taluka, Veer railway station being the major among the four.But Mangaon railway station in Mangaon taluka is preferred over Veer to reach Mahad.Following are railway stations falling under Mahad Taluka:

  1. Veer
  2. Sape-Wamane
  3. Karanjade
  4. Vinhere

Mangaon railway station

Zone:KR

Station code: MNI

Mangaon railway station in Mangaon Taluka which is approx. 24km from Mahad is preferred over Veer railway station. Public transport services like MSRTC buses(frequency of 1 bus per half an hour) and 3-wheeler rickshaw(locally known as Minidor) for Mahad are easily available. Also,compared to Veer, more trains have halt at Mangaon station with proper and convenient timings during day and evening to reach Mahad.

Veer railway station

Zone:KR

Station code:[VEER]

Veer railway station is near Mahad (13 km) Though only few trains have halt here,it is the main station in Mahad Taluka.Because it is located along Goa highway, it is quite accessible.Unfortunately Public transport services are only 3-wheeler rickshaw (minidors) are available.In addition, Long distance Express Trains have very odd timings of Arrival/Departure.

Following trains halt at Veer railway station:

  1. (50103)Dadar-Ratnagiri Passenger train(DAILY)
  2. (50105) Diva-Sawantwadi Sindhudurg Passenger train(DAILY)
  3. (11003)DR-SWV Tutari Express(DAILY
  4. (12977) Marusagar Express (EVERY WEEK SATURDAY) -FROM Panvel Junction AND Vasai Road Station)

Few holiday special trains halt at this station.

Road

National Highway NH 66 (previously known as NH 17) passes through Mahad.[citation needed] It connects Panvel(Southern Navi-Mumbai) to Kanyakumari, passing through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.

MSRTC

Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation has a Bus Depot at Mahad for public transport.Buses plying Mahad Khed Chiplun Ratnagiri have halt at Mahad MSRTC Bus depot.

GSRTC

Since many people from Mahad are commuting to Cities like Surat Vapi and Valsad in Gujrat other than Mumbai in Maharashtra,even before the Independence, for means of inter-state public transport Gujrat State Road transport corporation started Buses from Mahad and Poladpur bus stand which are under operations of Mahad MSRTC Bus Depot to Surat and other cities in Gujrat.

Shimga Festival

The most important festival among whole Konkani community spreading from Thane, Raigad to Goa and Karawar coast is "Shimga". It is speciality of "Konkan and Goa". Every City, every town or Village has its own way of celebrating it. Almost every Konkani working day and night, sleeplessly in metropolis like Mumbai, Pune, Delhi or in foreign countries rush to their homeland during Shimga. People worship their local deties, fun-fair are organised; the Palkhis of local deities are main attraction and is cosidered prestigious among locals.Each town represents its own Religious Culture and Traditions.

Shimgotsav in Mahad

Lord Vireshwar is the most-worshipped Local deity of Mahad.The temple of Lord Vireshwar was believed to be constructed during or before Shivaji Maharaj Era. A local fair is organised during shimga called "Mahad chi Jatra", uniquely known as "Chabina Utsav of Mahad". The "Palkhis" of Seven sisters of Lord Vireshwar who are Gram-devi(goddess) of nearby villages and another towns like Mangaon, Poladpur and Khed are brought at Lord Vireshwar Temple in Mahad. Goddess Zolai Devi is considered the most favourite sister of Lord Vireshwar. The people are so devoted that they bring Palkhis from many miles far villages by walking, sometimes bare-footed, they consider this holy and sacred and feel lucky to be part of it.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Mahād (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ "Mahād". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2013-02-17. 
  3. ^ Ahir, D. C. (2003). Buddhist sites and shrines in India: history, art, and architecture (1. ed.). Delhi: Sri Satguru Publ. p. 198. ISBN 8170307740. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mahad&oldid=843144445"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahad
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Mahad"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA