Magma (band)

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Magma
MAGMA @ Roadburn Festival 2017 06.jpg
Magma performing live at Roadburn Festival, 2017
Background information
Origin Paris, France
Genres Zeuhl, progressive rock, avant-rock, art rock
Years active 1969–1983, 1996–present
Labels Seventh
Website www.magmamusic.org/en/index.php
Members Christian Vander
Stella Vander
Isabelle Feuillebois
Rudy Blas
Benoit Alziary
Hervé Aknin
Jérome Martineau-Ricotti
Philippe Bussonnet
Past members Francis Moze
Jannick "Janik" Top
Klaus Blasquiz
Didier Lockwood
Bernard Paganotti
Benoît Widemann
Teddy Lasry
Himiko Paganotti
Antoine Paganotti
Emmanuel Borghi
Bruno Ruder
Laurent Thibault
Jérémie Ternoy
Jim Grandcamp
James MacGaw

Magma are a French progressive rock band founded in Paris in 1969 by classically trained drummer Christian Vander, who claimed as his inspiration a "vision of humanity's spiritual and ecological future" that profoundly disturbed him. In the course of their first album, the band tells the story of a group of people fleeing a doomed Earth to settle on the planet Kobaïa. Later, conflict arises when the Kobaïans—descendants of the original colonists—encounter other Earth refugees.

Vander invented a constructed language, Kobaïan, in which most lyrics are sung. In a 1977 interview with Vander and long-time Magma vocalist Klaus Blasquiz, Blasquiz said that Kobaïan is a "phonetic language made by elements of the Slavonic and Germanic languages to be able to express some things musically. The language has of course a content, but not word by word."[1] Vander himself has said that, "When I wrote, the sounds [of Kobaïan] came naturally with it—I didn’t intellectualise the process by saying 'Ok, now I’m going to write some words in a particular language', it was really sounds that were coming at the same time as the music."[2] Later albums tell different stories set in more ancient times; however, the Kobaïan language remains an integral part of the music.

In 1986, the French label Seventh Records was founded in order to (re-)publish Magma's and Vander's work. Over the years, Seventh has also released albums by related artists such as Stella Vander, Patrick Gauthier and Collectif Mu.[3]

Legacy

The band is widely considered to be musically adventurous and imaginative[4][5][6] among music critics. Magma uses choirs extensively in a way reminiscent of the composer Carl Orff.[7] Magma's music is also highly influenced by jazz saxophone player John Coltrane, and Vander has said that "it is still Coltrane who actually gives me the real material to work on, to be able to move on".[8]

So many of the musicians who have played with Magma have formed their own solo projects and/or spinoff acts that the Kobaïan term Zeuhl has come to refer to the musical style of these bands and the French jazz fusion/symphonic rock scene that grew around them.[9] Besides Christian Vander, other well-known Magma alumni include the violinist Didier Lockwood, bassist-composer Jannick "Janik" Top,[10] and spinoff act Weidorje.[11]

Critical reception

The band has a number of high-profile fans. Punk rock singer Johnny Rotten,[12] prolific metal musician Kristoffer Rygg,[13] Steven Wilson formerly of Porcupine Tree,[14] and Mikael Åkerfeldt of Opeth,[15] and Chilean filmmaker Alejandro Jodorowsky have all stated their admiration of the band.

In the 1980s, British World champion snooker player Steve Davis declared himself a passionate follower of the band since his youth and used some of his winnings to promote a series of concerts by Magma in London.[16]

Television journalist Antoine de Caunes wrote a biography of the band entitled Magma.[17][18]

Discography

Studio albums

Live albums

  • 1975: Live/Hhaï
  • 1977: Inédits
  • 1981: Retrospektïẁ (Parts I+II)
  • 1981: Retrospektïẁ (Part III)
  • 1989: Akt X: Mekanïk Kommandöh (earlier studio recording of Mekanïk Destruktïw Kommandöh from 1973) [different from the bonus track mentioned above]
  • 1992: Akt I: Les Voix de Magma (from August 2, 1992 at Douarnenez)
  • 1994: Akt IV: Theatre Du Taur Concert, 1975 (from September 27, 1975)
  • 1995: Akt V: Concert Bobino 1981 (from May 16, 1981)
  • 1996: Akt VIII: Bruxelles 1971 (from November 12, 1971 at Theatre 140)
  • 1996: Akt IX: Opéra De Reims, 1976 (from March 2, 1976)
  • 1999: Akt XIII: BBC 1974 Londres (from March 14, 1974 at the London BBC studios)
  • 2001: Trilogie Theusz Hamtaahk (Concert du Trianon), CD + DVD
  • 2008: Akt XV: Bourges, 1979 (from April 17, 1979)
  • 2009: Live in Tokyo 2005
  • 2014: Zühn Wöhl Ünsai - Live 1974 (2 CD; Radio Bremen recordings)

EPs

Compilations/Boxsets/Other material

Videos

  • 1995: Akt VI: Concert Bobino 1981 (DVD) also released on VHS video cassette
  • 2001: Trilogie Theusz Hamtaahk (Concert du Trianon), CD + DVD
  • 2006: Mythes et Légendes Epok 1, DVD
  • 2006: Mythes et Légendes Epok 2, DVD
  • 2007: Mythes et Légendes Epok 3, DVD
  • 2008: Mythes et Légendes Epok 4, DVD
  • 2013: Mythes et Légendes Epok 5, DVD
  • 2016: Nihao Hamtaï - Magma in China, DVD
  • 2017: Ëmëhntëhtt-Rê Trilogy', DVD

Personnel

Members

Magma has been the birthplace of many French jazz musicians. We can cite:

History of the members (a hidden table)
Period Formation
1969
April 1969 – August 1969
August 1969 – October 1969
October 1969 – January 1970
January 1970 – August 1970
October 1970 – December 1970
mid January 1971 – end December 1971
end December 1971 – beginning January 1972
beginning January 1972 – end December 1972
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Jeff Seffer – saxophone
  • Francis Moze – bass
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Faton Cahen – keyboards
  • Teddy Lasry – saxophone & clarinet
  • Louis Toesca – trumpet
  • Jean-Luc Manderlier – second keyboards
end December 1972 – mid January 1973
mid January 1973 – March 1973
March 1973 – May 1973
May 1973 – end December 1973
January 1974 – March 1974
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Jannick Top – bass
  • Claude Olmos – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • René Garber – saxophone & clarinet
  • Teddy Lasry – saxophone & flute
March 1974 – August 1974
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Jannick Top – bass
  • Claude Olmos – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Gérard Bikialo – keyboards
  • Teddy Lasry – saxophone & flute
September 1974 – November 1974
January 1975 – August 1975
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Gabriel Federow – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Jean-Pol Asseline – keyboards
  • Benoît Widemann – second keyboards
  • Didier Lockwood – violin
  • Bernard Paganotti – bass
September 1975 – February 1976
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Gabriel Federow – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Patrick Gauthier – keyboards
  • Benoît Widemann – second keyboards
  • Didier Lockwood – violin
  • Bernard Paganotti – bass
March 1976 – September 1976 (first split)
November 1976 – January 1977 (first reformation)
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Gabriel Federow – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Jean-Pol Asseline – keyboards
  • Benoît Widemann – second keyboards
  • Bernard Paganotti – bass
January 1977 – mid 1977
mid 1977 – end 1977
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals
  • Jean De Antoni – guitar
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Benoît Widemann – second keyboards
  • Guy Delacroix – bass
  • Clément Bailly – second drums (guest)
January 1978 – mid 1978
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
  • Christian Vander – drums & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Benoît Widemann – second keyboards
  • Guy Delacroix – bass
  • René Garber – clarinet
mid 1978 – beginning 1979 (second split)
mid 1979 – end 1979 (second reformation)
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar & bass
  • André Hervé – second keyboards
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Jean De Antoni – guitar
end 1979 – January 1980
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Francis Lockwood – second keyboards
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Michel Hervé – bass
  • Jean-Michel Kajdan – guitar
January 1980 – June 1980
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Francis Lockwood – second keyboards
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Michel Hervé – bass
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals, percussions
June 1980 – end 1980 (reunion of old members for 3 shows)
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Francois Laizeau – second drums and percussions
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Bernard Paganotti – bass, guitar
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Guy Khalifa – vocals
  • René Garber – saxophone & clarinet
  • Klaus Blasquiz – vocals
  • Claire Laborde – vocals
  • Gabriel Federow – guitar
  • Patrick Gauthier – keyboards
  • Didier Lockwood – violin

The following musicians are not on the record sold:

end 1980 – mid 1981
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • René Garber – clarinet
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Jean-Michel Kajdan – guitar
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Guy Khalifa – vocals
  • François Laizeau – percussions
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Francis Lockwood – second keyboards
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Marc Éliard – bass
  • Jannick Top – bass
  • Doudou Weiss – second drums
  • Richard Raux – saxophone & flute
  • Arrigo Lorenzi – saxophone
  • Alain Guillard – wind instruments & trumpet
  • Yvon Guillard – wind instruments & saxophone
mid 1981 – beginning 1982
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals, percussions
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • René Garber – saxophone & clarinet
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Jean-Michel Kajdan – guitar
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Guy Khalifa – vocals
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Marc Éliard – bass
  • Doudou Weiss – second drums
  • Arrigo Lorenzi – saxophone
  • Alain Guillard – wind instruments & trumpet
  • Yvon Guillard – wind instruments & saxophone
  • Patrick Gauthier – keyboards
beginning 1982 – mid 1982
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Maria Popkiewicz – vocals
  • René Garber – clarinet
  • Benoît Widemann – keyboards
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Marc Éliard – bass
  • Francois Kokelaere – percussions
  • Arrigo Lorenzi – saxophone
  • Alain Guillard – trumpet
  • Yvon Guillard – saxophone
  • Patrick Gauthier – keyboards
mid 1982 – beginning 1983
beginning 1983 – end 1983
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Marc Éliard – bass
  • Francois Kokelaere – percussions
  • Simon Goubert – keyboards
  • Guy Khalifa – vocals
  • Michel Graillier – keyboards
  • Christian Martinez – trumpet
  • Sylvin Marc – bass
  • Patrick Gauthier – keyboards
  • Pierre Moerlen – drums (guest)
end 1983 – end 1984
  • Christian Vander – drums, vocals & composer
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Liza Deluxe – vocals
  • Jean-Pierre Fouquey – piano
  • Dominique Bertram – bass
  • Simon Goubert – keyboards
  • Christian Martinez – trumpet
  • Guy Khalifa – vocals
  • Denis Leloup – trombone
  • Freddy Opsepian – trumpet
  • François Laizeau – percussions
  • Michel Gaucher – saxophone
  • René Garber – clarinet & saxophone
  • Jean-Luc Chevalier – guitar
  • Steve Shehan – percussions
  • Alex Ferrand – vocals
end 1984 – beginning 1985
1986 – 1990 solo projects of Christian Vander, Magma on stand by
February 1990 with OFFERING
1991
  • Julie Vander – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • Addie Déat – vocals, keyboards
  • Jean-François Déat – vocals, keyboards
  • Emmanuel Borghi – keyboards
  • Pierre-Michel Sivadier – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
1992
1992 – 1996
1996
1997
  • Bertrand Cardiet – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • Jean-François Déat – vocals, keyboards
  • Franck Vedel – guitar
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass
  • Pierre-Michel Sivadier – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
October 1997 – 1998
1999 – 2001
  • Antoine Paganotti – vocals
  • Jean-Christophe Gamet – vocals, keyboards
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • James McGaw – guitar
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass
  • Emmanuel Borghi – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
  • Claude Lamamy – vocals (Trianon concert 2000)
  • Fred Burgazzi – trombone (Trianon concert 2000)
  • Ronan Simon – trombone (Trianon concert 2000)
  • Benoit Gaudiche – trumpet (Trianon concert 2000)
  • Yannick Neveu – trumpet (Trianon concert 2000)
  • Julie Vander – vocals (Trianon concert 2000)
2002
  • Antoine Paganotti – vocals
  • Himiko Paganotti – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • James McGaw – guitar
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass
  • Emmanuel Borghi – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
March 2003 – 2005
  • Antoine Paganotti – vocals
  • Himiko Paganotti – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • James McGaw – guitar
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass
  • Fred d'Oelsnitz – piano
  • Emmanuel Borghi – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
beginning February 2006 – 2008
  • Antoine Paganotti – vocals
  • Himiko Paganotti – vocals
  • Stella Vander – vocals
  • Isabelle Feuillebois – vocals
  • James McGaw – guitar
  • Philippe Bussonnet – bass
  • Benoît Alziary – vibraphone
  • Emmanuel Borghi – keyboards
  • Christian Vander – drums
beginning February 2008 – 2012
beginning 2012 – present

Timeline

See also

References

  1. ^ "Da Zeuhl Wortz Mekanïk is kobaïan for Magma,". Danbbs.dk. 1996-08-20. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  2. ^ Interview by David McKenna and Ludovic Merle, translated by David McKenna (2009-11-12). "Magma, c'est moi". Rockfort.info. 
  3. ^ "Seventh Records". Seventh Records. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  4. ^ Ankeny, Jason. "Magma - Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  5. ^ "Ground and Sky review - Magma - K.A". Progreviews.com. Archived from the original on 2012-11-10. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  6. ^ "Ground and Sky review - Magma - Mekanik Destruktiw Kommandoh". Progreviews.com. Archived from the original on 2012-11-10. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  7. ^ François Couture. "Wurdah Ïtah/Tristan et Iseult - Christian Vander, Magma : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  8. ^ "Christian Vander Interview by George Allen and Robert Pearson, April 22, 1995". Furious.com. 1995-04-22. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  9. ^ "Zeuhl, a progressive rock music sub-genre [sic]". Progarchives.com. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  10. ^ Jannick Top. "Jannick Top - Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  11. ^ "WEIDORJE music, discography, MP3, videos and reviews". Progarchives.com. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  12. ^ "Interviews | "The Public Image", January 2004". John Lydon.Com. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  13. ^ "Stories: Ulver - Born Again From The Merciless Mother". Avant-garde Metal. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  14. ^ "Perfect 10: Steven Wilson interview and photograph". Cartiledgeworld.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  15. ^ "Seminal Progressive Rock Pioneers Magma Confirmed For Mikael Åkerfeldt's Curated 2014 Roadburn Event - Roadburn". roadburn.com. Archived from the original on 2013-12-17. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  16. ^ Lee Honeyball - The Observer (2004-03-07). "My obsession". London: Guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  17. ^ Magma (Rock et folk) (French Edition). "Magma (Rock et folk) (French Edition): Antoine de Caunes: 9782226005632: Amazon.com: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  18. ^ "Antoine de Caunes, fan de Magma". Leparisien.fr. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  19. ^ "Magma Web Press Book". Robert.guillerault.free.fr. Retrieved 10 April 2018. 

External links

  • Seventh Records, Christian Vander's record label
  • Utopic Records, Jannick Top's record label
  • Magma discography at MusicBrainz
  • Magma at AllMusic
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