Madrid runway disaster

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Madrid runway disaster
Barajas overview1.jpg
Overview of Madrid–Barajas Airport, the site of the disaster.
Accident
Date 7 December 1983
Summary Runway incursion due to inadequate signs and markings
Site Madrid–Barajas Airport
Total fatalities 93
Total survivors 42
First aircraft
Iberia Boeing 727-256Adv.jpg
The Iberia Boeing 727-256 involved in the crash, seen at Madrid Barajas on 1981
Type Boeing 727-256 Adv.
Name Jumila
Operator Iberia
Registration EC-CFJ
Flight origin Madrid–Barajas Airport (MAD/LEMD)
Destination Roma–Fiumicino Airport (FCO/LIRF)
Passengers 84
Crew 9
Fatalities 51
Survivors 42
Second aircraft
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32, Aviaco JP5928998.jpg
Aviaco DC-9-32 EC-CGQ, sister-ship to the accident aircraft.
Type McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32
Name Vasco Núñez de Balboa
Operator Aviaco
Registration EC-CGS
Flight origin Madrid–Barajas Airport (MAD/LEMD)
Destination Santander Airport (SDR/LEXJ)
Passengers 37
Crew 5
Fatalities 42 (all)
Survivors 0

The Madrid runway disaster was the collision on 7 December 1983 of two aircraft on the ground at Madrid–Barajas Airport. A departing Iberia Boeing 727 struck an Aviaco McDonnell Douglas DC-9, causing the deaths of 93 passengers and crew.

Crash

On 7 December 1983, a Boeing 727 of Iberia (Spain's state airline) registered EC-CFJ, operating Iberia Flight 350, a scheduled flight to Rome's Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, was cleared for take-off from Madrid-Barajas Airport's Runway 01 in conditions of thick fog.[1][2] At the same time, a DC-9 of Aviaco registered EC-CGS, operating Aviaco Flight 134, was taxiing to the end of the same runway for take-off bound for Santander Airport.[3] As the Boeing 727 rolled along the runway, the crew of the DC-9 accidentally made a wrong turn in the fog and taxied their aircraft onto the runway, into the path of the 727. The crew of the 727 saw the DC-9 and attempted to avoid the collision by rotating their aircraft for lift-off, however the 727 had not reached flying speed and its rear fuselage struck the DC-9.[2][3] Both aircraft caught fire and were destroyed; all 42 people on board the DC-9 were killed, while 51 (50 passengers, 1 crew member) of the 93 on board the Boeing 727 were killed.[1][4] Among those killed in the DC-9 were Mexican actress Fanny Cano and South African pianist Marc Raubenheimer.

Investigation

Investigators found that the Boeing 727 and DC-9 had collided due to the poor visibility at the airport, as well as inadequate signs and markings, which led to the DC-9 entering the runway without clearance as the Boeing 727 was taking off.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727 1983 12 07"
  2. ^ a b "Madrid Cleared?", Flight International, 17 December 1983, p. 1582 (online archive version), retrieved 17 April 2012
  3. ^ a b "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell DC-9 1983 12 07"
  4. ^ Madrid airport crash death toll set at 92

External links

  • Final report (Archive)
  • Final report (Archive) (in Spanish)
  • Iberia Airlines Flight 350 at AirDisaster.com
  • Aviaco Flight 134 at AirDisaster.com

Coordinates: 40°28′11″N 3°33′46″W / 40.46972°N 3.56278°W / 40.46972; -3.56278

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