Madan Bhandari

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Madan Kumar Bhandari
Madan bhandari.jpg
Native name मदन कुमाr भण्डारी
Born (1951-06-27)27 June 1951
Dhungesangu Village, Taplejung, Nepal
Died 16 May 1993(1993-05-16) (aged 41)
Dasdhunga, Chitwan, Nepal
Cause of death Possibly murdered (car accident)
Body discovered Three days later at Dasdhunga, Chitwan, Nepal
Resting place Arya Ghat, Pashupati
Monuments Madan Bhandari Memorial College, Madan-Ashrit Highway, Madan Bhandari Road
Residence Kathmandu and Morang=Itahara
Nationality Nepalese
Other names जनताका नेता (People's leader), जननेता
Citizenship Nepali
Known for जनताको बहुदलीय जनवाद "People's Multiparty Democracy"
Notable work Refrendum
Political party Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
Movement People's Movement I (1990)
Opponent(s) Panchayat system
Spouse(s) Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Children 2

Madan Kumar Bhandari (Nepali: मदनकुमार भण्डारी) (27 June 1951[1] – 16 May 1993[2]) was a popular[3] Nepali political leader belonging to the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist), a democratic communist party in Nepal.[4] He defeated the incumbent Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai in the 1991 general election.

Life

Bhandari was born in the Dhungesangu village of Taplejung district in eastern Nepal. He studied in Medibung School in Taplejung and in Varanasi, India. In 1972, he became a central committee member of the Janabadi Sanskritik Morcha (Democratic Cultural Front), a student movement established by Pushpa Lal Shrestha. Around 1976 he left Pushpa Lal's Communist Party of Nepal to create the Mukti Morcha Samuha ("Liberation Front Group"), which formed an alliance with the survivors of the Jhapa Movement in 1978. He was a founding member of the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) preceding the 1980 referendum and was elected General-Secretary at its Fourth National Congress in 1986.

Bhandari became the General-Secretary when CPN (ML) merged into the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) in 1991. He played a central role in the CPN (UML) program of "People's Multiparty Democracy," which left his party as the strongest communist party in Nepal for several years even after his death.

1991 Elections and aftermath

The CPN (UML), under the leadership of Bhandari, won all but one seat in the Himalayan capital in the 1991 elections, the country's first free election after more than three decades.[5] Bhandari proclaimed this "a vote for democracy," "a vote for independence" and "a vote for the alleviation of poverty." [5] He argued for the popular vote as opposed to armed struggle as the main tactic for communists.

Personal life

Bhandari was married to Bidhya Devi Bhandari in 1982. Ms. Bhandari at the time of her wedding to Bhandari was a junior political cadre of his party who later became the first female President of Nepal. The couple had two daughters, Usha Kiran Bhandari and Nisha Kusum Bhandari.Both daughters are married.

Death

On May 16, 1993 Bhandari died in a car accident in Dasdhunga, Chitwan.[6] According to an investigation led by K.P. Oil, it was not an accident but an unsolved murder.[7] Of the three people inside the car, only the driver Amar Lama survived; the two leaders Madan Bhandari and Jeev Raj Ashrit died.

His body was recovered three days later and kept in Dasharath Rangashala, where people visited throughout the day and into the night to pay their respects.[6]

The only survivor of that crash, driver Amar Lama, was murdered 10 years later.[8] A group of unidentified gunmen abducted Lama from the office of Tajakhabar Weekly tabloid around 13:45. He was taken to the hamlet of Kirtipur on the southwestern outskirts of the capital and shot. The assassins then fled towards Panga village.[9]

References

  1. ^ K.C., Surendra. Aitihasik dastavej sangroh - bhag 2. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan, 2063 B.S.. p 464.
  2. ^ Madan Bhandari
  3. ^ Chhetri, Ag (May 21, 2004). "Remembering Madan Bandari". 
  4. ^ "Madan Bhandari - WikiGlobal | the celebrity encyclopedia". www.wiki-global.org. Retrieved 2018-04-06. 
  5. ^ a b FINEMAN, MARK (1991-05-15). "Communists Celebrate Nepal Victories : Elections: Katmandu goes Marxist but moderates lead in countryside voting". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2015-10-28. 
  6. ^ a b "A Death Heavier than the Himalayas". www.marxists.org. Retrieved 2015-10-28. 
  7. ^ Anonymous (May 24, 2009). "UML Leader Accuses Maoists of Having Assassinated Madan Bhandari". Retrieved February 18, 2018. 
  8. ^ Acharya, Yuvraj (July 28, 2003). "Driver of murdered UML leaders killed". 
  9. ^ Cite error: The named reference ruzzn karki was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
Party political offices
Preceded by
None
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist)
1986 – 1991
Succeeded by
Himself
(as General Secretary of the CPN (UML))
Preceded by
None
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
1991 – 1993
Succeeded by
Madhav Kumar Nepal

External links

Communism in Nepal
South Asian Communist Banner.svg
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