Madan Bhandari

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Madan Kumar Bhandari
Madan bhandari.jpg
Native name मदन कुमार भण्डारी
Born (1951-06-27)27 June 1951
Dhungesangu Village, Taplejung, Nepal
Died 16 May 1993(1993-05-16) (aged 41)
Dasdhunga, Chitwan, Nepal
Cause of death Possibly murdered (car accident)
Body discovered Three days later at Dasdhunga, Chitwan, Nepal
Resting place Arya Ghat, Pashupati
Monuments Madan Bhandari Memorial College, Madan-Ashrit Highway, Madan Bhandari Road
Residence Kathmandu and Morang=Itahara
Nationality Nepalese
Other names जनताका नेता (People's leader), जननेता
Citizenship Nepali
Known for जनताको बहुदलीय जनवाद "People's Multiparty Democracy"
Notable work Refrendum
Political party Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
Movement People's Movement I (1990)
Opponent(s) Panchayat system
Spouse(s) Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Children 2

Madan Kumar Bhandari (Nepali: मदनकुमार भण्डारी) (27 June 1951[1] – 16 May 1993[2]) was a Nepalese politician and a youth Communist leader who rose to prominence after emerging as the leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and defeating the incumbent Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai in the 1991 general election. Allegedly the current chairman of the Communist Party, Khadga Prasad Oli, is responsible for Bhandari's death.[3] He was a great leader who was beloved by the people. [4]


Bhandari was born in the Dhungesangu village of Taplejung district in eastern Nepal. He studied in Medibung School in Taplejung and in Varanasi, India. In 1972, he became a central committee member of the Janabadi Sanskritik Morcha (Democratic Cultural Front), a student movement established by Pushpa Lal Shrestha. Around 1976 he left Pushpa Lal's Communist Party of Nepal to create the Mukti Morcha Samuha ("Liberation Front Group"), which formed an alliance with the survivors of the Jhapa Movement in 1978. He was a founding member of the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) preceding the 1980 referendum and was elected General-Secretary at its Fourth National Congress in 1986.

Bhandari became the General-Secretary when CPN (ML) merged into the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) in 1991. He played a central role in the CPN (UML) program of "People's Multiparty Democracy," which led his party as the strongest communist party of Nepal for several years even after his death.

1991 Elections and aftermath

The CPN (UML), under the leadership of Bhandari, won all but one seat in the Himalayan capital in 1991 elections, the country's first free elections in more than three decades.[5] Bhandari proclaimed this was "a vote for democracy," "a vote for independence" and "a vote for the alleviation of poverty." [5]

He argued for the popular vote as the main strategy for communists, in contrast to armed struggle. Two years after the 1991 elections, he died in a car accident in Dasdhunga, Chitwan.[6]


On May 16, 1993 Bhandari died in a car wreck. According to an investigation led by K.P. Oil, it was not an accident but an unsolved murder.[3] Of the three passengers inside the car, only the driver Amar Lama survived; the two leaders Madan Bhandari and Jeev Raj Ashrit died.

His body was recovered three days later and kept in Dasharath Rangashala, where people visited throughout the day and into the night to pay their respects.[6]

The only survivor of that crash, driver Amar Lama, was murdered 10 years later.[7] A group of unidentified gunmen abducted Lama from the office of Tajakhabar Weekly tabloid at around 13:45. They took him in a taxi to the hamlet of Kirtipur on the southwestern outskirts of the capital, and shot him dead. The assassins then fled towards Panga village.[7]


Communism in Nepal
South Asian Communist Banner.svg
  1. ^ K.C., Surendra. Aitihasik dastavej sangroh - bhag 2. Kathmandu: Pairavi Prakashan, 2063 B.S.. p 464.
  2. ^ Madan Bhandari
  3. ^ a b Anonymous (May 24, 2009). "UML Leader Accuses Maoists of Having Assassinated Madan Bhandari". Retrieved February 18, 2018. 
  4. ^ Chhetri, Ag (May 21, 2004). "Remembering Madan Bandari". 
  5. ^ a b FINEMAN, MARK (1991-05-15). "Communists Celebrate Nepal Victories : Elections: Katmandu goes Marxist but moderates lead in countryside voting". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2015-10-28. 
  6. ^ a b "A Death Heavier than the Himalayas". Retrieved 2015-10-28. 
  7. ^ a b Acharya, Yuvraj (July 28, 2003). "Driver of murdered UML leaders killed". 
Party political offices
Preceded by
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist)
1986 – 1991
Succeeded by
(as General Secretary of the CPN (UML))
Preceded by
General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
1991 – 1993
Succeeded by
Madhav Kumar Nepal

Madan Bhandari

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