M110 howitzer

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8" M110 self-propelled howitzer
203mm Self-Propelled Howitzer M110A2.JPG
M110A2 of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force in 2007
Type Self-propelled artillery
Place of origin United States
Service history
Wars Vietnam War
Yom Kippur War
Iran–Iraq War
1982 Lebanon War
Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978–present)
Gulf War
Production history
Manufacturer General Motors Corp. (transmission)[1]
Specifications
Mass 28.3 metric tons (62,390 lb)
Length 10.8 m (35 ft 5 in)
Width 3.1 m (10 ft 2 in)
Height 3.1 m (10 ft 2 in)
Crew 13 (driver, 2 gunners, 2 loaders, (8 support crew–other vehicle))

Armor 13 mm (.51 in)
Main
armament
8" (203 mm) M201A1 howitzer
2 rounds
Secondary
armament
none
Engine Detroit Diesel 8V71T, 8-cylinder, 2-stroke, turbocharged diesel
405 hp (302 kW)
Suspension Torsion bar
Operational
range
16 km to 23 km
Speed 54.7 km/h (30 mph)

The 8 inch (203 mm) M110 self-propelled howitzer was the largest available self-propelled howitzer in the United States Army's inventory.[citation needed] Consisting of an M115 203 mm howitzer installed on a purpose built chassis, it was deployed in division artillery in general support battalions and in separate corps- and army-level battalions. Missions include general support, counter-battery fire, and suppression of enemy air defense systems. The M110 was exported to a number of countries.

General Characteristics

According to the operator's manual, the M110's typical rate of fire was three rounds per two minutes when operated at maximum speed, and one round per two minutes with sustained fire. The M110 featured a hydraulically operated rammer to automatically chamber the 200+ pound projectile. These rammers were prone to breakdown and generally slowed operation of the gun, because the rammers required crews to completely lower the massive barrel before using it. Highly trained and motivated U.S. Army crews could achieve two to four rounds per minute by using the hand-operated manual rammer, which was essentially a heavy steel pole with a hard rubber pad on one end. Using the manual rammer was physically demanding, but crews were not required to lower the barrels nearly as much as with the hydraulic rammer.[citation needed]

The M110's range varied from 16,800 meters to approximately 25,000 meters when firing standard projectiles, and up to 30,000 meters when firing rocket-assisted projectiles.

History

The M110 howitzer first entered service with the U.S. Army in 1963 and was used in the Vietnam War by the United States Army. Later versions were used in Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm by Romeo Battery 5th Battalion 11th Marines, and the British Army. In 1977 the upgraded M110A1 entered service, featuring a longer M201 series barrel which gave increased range. The M110A2 is the latest version with a double muzzle brake, in contrast to the earlier A1 version which had a plain muzzle. The 2nd Battalion 18th Field Artillery and the 5th Battalion 18th Field Artillery served in Desert Storm with the M110A2 Howitzer, as well as the 142d Field Artillery Brigade (Arkansas Army National Guard), and 1st BN 181 Field Artillery (Tennessee Army National Guard). Most of the U.S. Army and USMC relied on the M109 series 155 millimeter gun systems during this conflict; sending remaining M110s to reserve or National Guard units. These units then took possession of M109s as they returned from service in the Gulf. M110s were still in service with the 3/92 FA (USAR) and running fire missions at Camp Atterbury as late as the summer of 1994.[2]

The gun system has been retired from U.S. Army service; howitzers above 155 mm caliber are no longer considered to be practical, as technology has closed the range and firepower gap,[citation needed] and heavier weapon systems require more resources to operate. Gun barrels from retired M110s were initially used as the outer casing in the manufacture of the GBU-28 bunker buster bomb.

The M110A2s were made from refitted M110s or M107 175 mm SP guns (Hunnicutt).

German M110 during training, winter of 1970–71

At the end of the Cold War under U.S. Division Plan 86, all armored and mechanized infantry divisions included a battalion of heavy artillery that included two batteries of M110A2 8" SP howitzers with six guns each for a total of 12 guns, plus one battery of nine MLRS rocket artillery.[citation needed]

Israel used M110s alongside with M107 during Yom Kippur War against Egyptian and Syrian forces. Again in 1982 Operation Peace for Galilee, Israel used M110 systems against PLO and Lebanese allies with deadly effect during Siege of Beirut.

Iran used its M110s during Iran–Iraq War against Iraqi forces during its offensives against Iraq.

Turkish Armed Forces uses M110A2 systems against Kurdistan Workers' Party since 1990s. Turkish M110A2s also used during Turkish military intervention in Syria mainly against YPG.

Projectiles

Operators

Map with M110 operators in blue and former operators in red
U.S. Army M110A2 howitzers in a staging area prior to transport, Port of Antwerp, 1984

Current operators

Former operators

See also

References

  1. ^ Defense Industry Bulletin, April 1968, p. 47.
  2. ^ a b UK M110 Artillery in action Gulf War 1991 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dJfcVG8mu_s
  3. ^ Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. "Transfers and licensed production of major conventional weapons". Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  4. ^ Defense Security Cooperation Agency. "Excess Defense Articles". Archived from the original on 14 January 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  5. ^ "Deals in the Works". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  6. ^ John Pike. "Pakistan Army Equipment". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  7. ^ Pike, John. "Army Equipment - Taiwan". www.globalsecurity.org.
  • TM 9-2350-304-10 dated October 1979

External links

  • fas.org.
  • globalsecurity.org
  • M110 Walk Arounds on Prime Portal
  • https://www.militaryfactory.com/armor/detail.asp?armor_id=59

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