Luke 7

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Luke 7
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Papyrus 3 (GA) Luc 7,36.37.jpg
Luke 7:36,37 on Papyrus 3, written about 6th/7th century.
Book Gospel of Luke
Bible part New Testament
Order in the Bible part 3
Category Gospel

Luke 7 is the seventh chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It tells the records of two great miracles performed by Jesus, his reply to John the Baptist's question, and the anointing by a sinful woman.[1] The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as the Acts of the Apostles.[2]

Text

Structure

The New King James Version organises this chapter as follows (with cross references to accounts in the other gospels):

Healing the centurion's servant

Luke 7:1-10 relates that a Roman centurion in Capernaum sent the Jewish elders to ask Jesus for help because his servant (or slave) was ill.[3] The elders testified to the centurion's worthiness (ἄξιός, axios) but the centurion did not consider himself worthy (same Greek word, ηξιωσα, ēxiōsa)[4] to have Jesus come into his home to perform the healing, suggesting instead that Jesus perform the healing at a distance. Jesus concurred and the servant was found to have been healed when the centurion returned home.

A similar event is recounted in John 4:46-53 but this may refer to another event as it concerns the son of a court official.

Widow of Nain's Son Raised

This account of a miracle by Jesus is only recorded in the Gospel of Luke. Jesus arrived at the village of Nain during the burial ceremony of the son of a widow, and raised the young man from the dead. The location is the village of Nain in Galilee, two miles south of Mount Tabor. This is the first of three miracles of Jesus in the canonical gospels in which he raises the dead, the other two being the raising of Jairus' daughter and of Lazarus. Following the healing, Jesus fame spread "throughout all Judea and all the surrounding region".[5] In the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges, commentator F. W. Farrar explains that "the notion that St Luke therefore supposed Nain to be in Judaea is quite groundless. He means that the story of the incident at Nain spread even into Judaea".[6]

Messengers from John the Baptist

The Meal at the House of Simon the Pharisee, c. 15th century

When John the Baptist was in prison and heard of the works performed by Jesus, John sent two of his disciples as messengers to ask a question of Jesus:

“Are you the one who is to come (ὁ ἐρχόμενος, ho erchomenos), or should we expect someone else?”[7]

Following this episode, Jesus begins to speak to the crowds about John the Baptist, describing him as the 'messenger' foretold in prophecy (Malachi 3:1).

Parable of the Two Debtors

Anointing of Jesus, 17th-century altar painting, Ballum, Denmark.

Jesus uses the story of two debtors to explain that a woman loves him more than his host, because she has been forgiven of greater sins. This parable is told after his anointing by a "sinful woman" at the house of a Pharisee named Simon.

See also

References

  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ Translated as 'slave' in the RSV and the Holman Christian Standard Bible
  4. ^ Strong's Concordance: 515 axioó: to deem worthy
  5. ^ Luke 7:17
  6. ^ Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Luke 7, accessed 6 June 2018
  7. ^ Luke 7:19, repeated in 7:20

External links

  • Luke 7 NIV


Preceded by
Luke 6
Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Luke
Succeeded by
Luke 8
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