Luke 10

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Luke 10
← chapter 9
Papyrus 4 (Luk 6.4-16).jpg
Luke 6:4-16 on Papyrus 4, written about AD 150-175.
Book Gospel of Luke
Bible part New Testament
Order in the Bible part 3
Category Gospel

Luke 10 is the tenth chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records the sending of seventy disciples by Jesus, the famous parable about the Good Samaritan, and His visit to the house of Mary and Martha.[1] The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this Gospel as well as Acts.[2]

Text

Structure

This chapter can be grouped (with cross references to other parts of the Bible):

  • Luke 10:1-12 = Jesus Sends Out the Seventy disciples (Matthew 8:19-22)
  • Luke 10:13-16 = Woe to the Impenitent Cities (Matthew 11:20-24)
  • Luke 10:17-20 = The Seventy Return with Joy
  • Luke 10:21-24 = Jesus Rejoices in the Spirit and reflects on those who have been granted revelation of the good news (Matthew 11:25-27; Matthew 13:16-17)
  • Luke 10:25-37 = Parable of the Good Samaritan
  • Luke 10:38-42 = Mary and Martha Worship and Serve

The Parable of the Good Samaritan

The Parable of the Good Samaritan by Jan Wijnants (1670) shows the Good Samaritan tending the injured man.

This parable is mentioned only in this chapter of the New Testament. Jesus told a story of a traveller (who may or may not have been a Jew[3]) who is beaten, robbed, and left half dead along the road. First a priest and then a Levite come by, but both avoid the man. Finally, a Samaritan comes by. Samaritans and Jews generally despised each other, but the Samaritan helps the injured man. Jesus is described as telling the parable in response to a question regarding the identity of the "neighbour", who Leviticus Lev 19:18 says should be loved.

Portraying a Samaritan in a positive light would have come as a shock to Jesus's audience.[4] Some Christians, such as Augustine, have interpreted the parable allegorically, with the Samaritan representing Jesus Christ, who saves the sinful soul.[5] Others, however, discount this allegory as unrelated to the parable's original meaning[5] and see the parable as exemplifying the ethics of Jesus.[6]

The parable has inspired painting, sculpture, poetry, and film. The colloquial phrase "good Samaritan", meaning someone who helps a stranger, derives from this parable, and many hospitals and charitable organizations are named after the Good Samaritan.

See also

References

  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an abbreviated Bible commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ Joel B. Green, The Gospel of Luke, Eerdmans, 1997, ISBN 0-8028-2315-7, p. 429.
  4. ^ Funk, Robert W., Roy W. Hoover, and the Jesus Seminar. The five gospels. HarperSanFrancisco. 1993. "Luke" p. 271-400
  5. ^ a b Caird, G. B. (1980). The Language and Imagery of the Bible. Duckworth. p. 165.
  6. ^ Sanders, E. P. The historical figure of Jesus. Penguin, 1993. p. 6.

External links

  • Luke 10 NIV


Preceded by
Luke 9
Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Luke
Succeeded by
Luke 11
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