Ludvig Faddeev
Ludvig Faddeev  

Ludvig Faddeev during a talk at Aarhus University, August 2010


Born 
Leningrad, Soviet Union 
23 March 1934
Died  26 February 2017  (aged 82)
Nationality  Russian 
Alma mater  Saint Petersburg State University 
Known for 
Faddeev–Popov ghosts Faddeev equations Faddeev–Senjanovic quantization Faddeev–Jackiw quantization 
Awards  Dannie Heineman Prize (1975) Dirac Prize (1990) Max Planck Medal (1996) Pomeranchuk Prize (2002) Demidov Prize (2002) Poincaré Prize (2006) Shaw Prize (2008) Lomonosov Gold Medal (2013) 
Scientific career  
Fields  Mathematics, theoretical physics 
Institutions  Steklov Institute of Mathematics 
Doctoral advisor  Olga Ladyzhenskaya 
Doctoral students 
Vladimir Buslaev Petr Kulish Nicolai Reshetikhin Samson Shatashvili Leon Takhtajan Vladimir Korepin Alexander Its 
Ludvig Dmitrievich Faddeev (also Ludwig Dmitriyevich; Russian: Лю́двиг Дми́триевич Фадде́ев; 23 March 1934 – 26 February 2017) was a Soviet and Russian theoretical physicist and mathematician. He is known for the discovery of the Faddeev equations in the theory of the quantum mechanical threebody problem and for the development of path integral methods in the quantization of nonabelian gauge field theories, including the introduction (with Victor Popov) of Faddeev–Popov ghosts. He led the Leningrad School, in which he along with many of his students developed the quantum inverse scattering method for studying quantum integrable systems in one space and one time dimension. This work led to the invention of quantum groups by Drinfeld and Jimbo.
Contents
Biography
Faddeev was born in Leningrad to a family of mathematicians. His father, Dmitry Faddeev, was a well known algebraist, professor of Leningrad University and member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. His mother, Vera Faddeeva, was known for her work in numerical linear algebra. Faddeev attended Leningrad University, receiving his undergraduate degree in 1956. He enrolled in physics, rather than mathematics, "to be independent of [his] father".^{[1]} Nevertheless, he received a solid education in mathematics as well "due to the influence of V. A. Fock and V. I. Smirnov".^{[1]} His doctoral work, on scattering theory, was completed in 1959 under the direction of Olga Ladyzhenskaya.
From 1976 to 2000, Faddeev was head of the St. Petersburg Department of Steklov Institute of Mathematics of Russian Academy of Sciences (PDMI RAS).^{[2]} He was an invited visitor to the CERN Theory Division for the first time in 1973 and made several further visits there.^{[3]}
In 1988 he founded the Euler International Mathematical Institute, now a department of PDMI RAS.^{[2]}^{[4]}
Honours and awards
Faddeev was a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1976, and was a member of a number of foreign academies, including the U. S. National Academy of Sciences, the French Academy of Sciences, and the Royal Society.^{[5]} He received numerous honors including USSR State Prize (1971), Dannie Heineman Prize (1975),^{[6]} Dirac Prize (1990), an honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Mathematics and Science at Uppsala University, Sweden,^{[7]} Max Planck Medal (1996), Demidov Prize (2002  "For outstanding contribution to the development of mathematics, quantum mechanics, string theory and solitons") and the State Prize of the Russian Federation (1995, 2004). He was president of the International Mathematical Union (1986–1990). He was awarded the Henri Poincaré Prize^{[8]} in 2006 and the Shaw Prize in mathematical sciences in 2008.^{[9]} Also the Karpinsky International Prize and the Max Planck Medal (German Physical Society). He also received the Lomonosov Gold Medal for 2013.
Faddeev also received state awards:

Order of Merit for the Fatherland;
 3rd class (25 October 2004)  for outstanding contribution to the development of fundamental and applied domestic science and many years of fruitful activity
 4th class (4 June 1999)  for outstanding contribution to the development of national science and training of highly qualified personnel in connection with the 275th anniversary of the Russian Academy of Sciences
 Order of Friendship of Peoples (6 June 1994)  for his great personal contribution to the development of mathematical physics and training of highly qualified scientific personnel
 Order of Lenin
 Order of the Red Banner of Labour
 State Prize of the Russian Federation in Science and Technology 2004 (6 June 2005), for outstanding achievement in the development of mathematical physics and in 1995 for science and technology (20 June 1995), for the monograph "Introduction to quantum gauge field theory"
 USSR State Prize (1971)
 Honorary citizen of St. Petersburg (2010)
 Academician (Finland) (1991)
List of publications
 Scientific publications of L.D.Faddeev on INSPIREHEP
Selected works
 Faddeev, L. D. (1995), 40 years in mathematical physics, Volume 2, World Scientific series in 20th century mathematics, World Scientific, ISBN 9789810221997
Notes
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} "Autobiography of Ludwig Faddeev". Shaw Prize Foundation. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} "St. Petersburg Department of V. A. Steklov Institute of Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences". Retrieved 5 February 2011.
 ^ Aref'eva, Irina; Slavnov, Andrey. "Ludwig Faddeev 19342017". CERN Courier. 57 (4): 55.
 ^ "The Euler International Mathematical Institute". Retrieved 5 February 2011.
 ^ "Professor Ludwig Dmitrievich Faddeev ForMemRS". Royal Society. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
 ^ "1975 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics Recipient". American Physical Society. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
 ^ http://www.uu.se/en/aboutuu/traditions/prizes/honorarydoctorates/
 ^ "The Henri Poincaré Prize". International Association of Mathematical Physics. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
 ^ "Announcement and Citation: The Shaw Prize in Mathematical Sciences 2008". Shaw Prize Foundation. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
References
 Ludvig Faddeev at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
External links
 1934 births
 2017 deaths
 People from Saint Petersburg
 Russian physicists
 Russian mathematicians
 Russian inventors
 Russian skeptics
 Soviet mathematicians
 Soviet physicists
 20thcentury physicists
 Members of the French Academy of Sciences
 Full Members of the USSR Academy of Sciences
 Full Members of the Russian Academy of Sciences
 Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences
 Foreign Members of the Royal Society
 Foreign Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
 Recipients of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland", 3rd class
 Recipients of the Order of Honour (Russia)
 Recipients of the Order of Friendship
 State Prize of the Russian Federation laureates
 Demidov Prize laureates
 Recipients of the USSR State Prize
 Recipients of the Order of Friendship of Peoples
 Recipients of the Order of Lenin
 Recipients of the Lomonosov Gold Medal
 People associated with CERN