Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland

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The Lord High Commissioners to the Parliament of Scotland, sometimes referred to as the fifth estate of the Estates of Scotland, were the Scottish Sovereign's personal representative to the Parliament of Scotland following James VI of Scotland's accession to the throne of England and his becoming, in personal union, James I, the first Stuart king of England (see Union of the Crowns).

The Lord High Commissioners were appointed from 1603 until 1707. The Act of Union 1707, which merged the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England to create the Parliament of Great Britain, rendered the post redundant.

They were effectively the heads of government in Scotland during this period,[1] exercising de facto control over the Estates and the Privy Council, although nominally this role was still held by the Lord Chancellor.

List of Lord High Commissioners

Image Name Tenure
John Graham, 3rd Earl of Montrose 1605
Portrait of Ludovic Stewart 2nd Duke of Lennox by Simon de Passe.jpg
Ludovic Stewart, 2nd Duke of Lennox 1607
George Keith, 5th Earl Marischal.jpg
George Keith, 5th Earl Marischal 1609
Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger Alexander Seton 1st Earl of Dunfermline.jpg
Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Dunfermline 1612
2ndMarquessOfHamilton.jpg
James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton 1621
JohnStewartEarlOfTraquir.jpg
John Stewart, 1st Earl of Traquair 1639
John Elphinstone, 2nd Lord Balmerino 1641
Daniel Mytens - James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, 1606 - 1649. Royalist - Google Art Project.jpg
James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton 1646
John Middleton, 1st Earl of Middleton.jpg
John Middleton, 1st Earl of Middleton 1661, 1662
Johnleslierothes.jpg
John Leslie, 7th Earl of Rothes 1663, 1665, 1667
John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale by Jacob Huysmans.jpg
John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale 1669, 1670, 1672,
1673, 1674, 1678
James II by John Riley.png
James, Duke of Albany (later James VII) 1681
1stDukeOfQueensbury.jpg
William Douglas, 1st Duke of Queensberry 1685
Alexander Stuart, 5th Earl of Moray 1686
William Douglas, Duke of Hamilton.jpg
William Douglas, Duke of Hamilton 1689
1st Earl of Melville.jpg
George Melville, 1st Earl of Melville 1690
William Douglas, Duke of Hamilton.jpg
William Douglas, Duke of Hamilton 1693
1stMarquessOfTweeddale.jpg
John Hay, 1st Marquess of Tweeddale 1695
1stDukeOfAtholl.jpg
John Murray, Earl of Tullibardine 1696
Patrick Hume, 1st Earl of Marchmont.jpg
Patrick Hume, 1st Earl of Marchmont 1698
2ndDukeOfQueensberryFull.jpg
James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry 1700, 1702, 1703
John Hay, 2nd Marquess of Tweeddale.jpg
John Hay, 2nd Marquess of Tweeddale 1704
John Campbell 2nd Duke of Argyll.jpg
John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll 1705
2ndDukeOfQueensberryFull.jpg
James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry 1706-1707

References

  1. ^ "a personal representative of the Sovereign, Lords High Commissioner were appointed to the Scottish Parliament between the Union of the Crowns (1603) and the Act of Union (1707) and were the heads of government in Scotland". Gazetteer for Scotland, University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 1 March 2010.

See also


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