Lord Derby's scaly-tailed squirrel

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Lord Derby's scaly-tailed squirrel
Anomalurus derbianus (Anomalurus fraseri) - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria - Genoa, Italy - DSC02772.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Anomaluridae
Genus: Anomalurus
Species: A. derbianus
Binomial name
Anomalurus derbianus
(Gray, 1842)
Anomalurus derbianus distribution (colored).png

Anomalurus beldeni
Anomalurus chrysophaenus
Anomalurus cinereus
Anomalurus erythronotus
Anomalurus fraseri
Anomalurus jacksoni
Anomalurus neavei
Anomalurus nigrensis
Anomalurus orientalis
Anomalurus squamicaudus

Lord Derby's scaly-tailed squirrel (Anomalurus derbianus) is an anomalurid rodent native to Africa. It was named after Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby.

Range and habitat

Lord Derby's scaly-tailed squirrel lives in tropical and subtropical rainforests in western and central Africa. It is found in Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.


Lord Derby's scaly-tailed squirrel is nocturnal, and will sleep in nests in holes in trees. They live either alone or in pairs. They move around by extending their membrane and gliding from tree to tree. Flights of up to 250 meters (820 feet) have been recorded. They will use the scales on the bottom of their tails to help themselves climb in the trees. Lord Derby's scaly-tailed flying squirrels are mainly herbivorous, eating plant matter such as leaves, bark, green nuts, fruit and flowers.


  1. ^ Howell, K.; Hutterer, R. & Ekué, M. R. M. (2008). "Anomalurus derbianus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 6 January 2009. 
  • Animal diversity web on Anomalurus derbianus
  • Corbin, C., and Cordeiro, N. J. (2006). Gliding characteristics of Lord Derby’s Anomalure (Anomalurus derbianus) in Tanzania. African J. Ecol. 44: 106-108.
  • Dieterlen, F. 2005. Family Anomaluridae. Pp. 1532-1534 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
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