Lonnie Mack

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Lonnie Mack
LonnieMackRisingSun.jpg
Mack performing at Rising Sun, Indiana, in 2003
Background information
Birth name Lonnie McIntosh
Born (1941-07-18)July 18, 1941
West Harrison, Indiana, U.S.
Died April 21, 2016(2016-04-21) (aged 74)
Smithville, Tennessee, U.S.
Genres Blues rock, instrumental rock, blues, country, country-soul, southern rock, rockabilly, blue-eyed soul, bluegrass, gospel
Occupation(s) Musician, singer-songwriter
Instruments Vocals, guitar
Years active 1954–2004
Labels Alligator, Elektra, Fraternity, Capitol, Flying V Records, Jewel, King, Ace, Epic, Sage Records, Dobbs Records
Website lonniemack.com!

Lonnie McIntosh (July 18, 1941 – April 21, 2016), known by his stage name Lonnie Mack, was an American rock, blues, and country singer-guitarist. He was active from the mid-1950s into the early 2000s. His back-to-back 1963 hit-record instrumentals, "Memphis" and "Wham!", represented a quantum leap in early rock guitar virtuosity[1] and prefigured the blues-rock guitar revolution of the mid-late 1960s.[2] Although he is remembered primarily as an influential rock guitarist,[3] he is also considered one of the finer "blue-eyed soul" singers of his era.[4] His early recordings, generally, are considered stylistic precursors to the "Southern rock" genre.[5]

He experienced his initial commercial success in the early 1960s, with resurgent periods during the late 1960s and mid-late 1980s, but was uncomfortable in the spotlight and spent much of his career as a low-profile roadhouse performer. According to music historian Dick Shurman, Mack's country-boy temperament "wasn’t suited to stardom. I think he’d rather have been hunting and fishing. He didn’t like cities or the (music) business."[6] Mack himself said: "Seems like every time I get close to really making it, to climbing to the top of the mountain, that's when I pull out. I just pull up and run."[7]

By the time of his death in 2016, he had been inducted into the Rockabilly Hall of Fame, the International Guitar Hall of Fame, and the Southern Legends Entertainment and Performing Arts Hall of Fame[8] and his guitar, a 1958 Gibson Flying V, had been judged one of the world's 150 "most elite guitars".[9]

Early life

Shortly before Mack was born, his family left Owsley County, Kentucky to work as tenant farmers in Dearborn County, Indiana.[10] One of five children, he was born to parents Robert and Sarah Sizemore McIntosh on July 18, 1941, in West Harrison, Indiana.[11]

He was raised nearby on farms along the Ohio River. Although his childhood homes had no electricity, the family used a primitive radio powered by a truck battery to listen to the Grand Ole Opry country music show. Continuing to listen after the rest of the family had retired for the night, Mack became a fan of rhythm and blues and traditional black gospel music.[12]

He began playing guitar at the age of seven, after trading his bicycle for a "Lone Ranger" model acoustic guitar.[13] His mother taught him the rudiments of acoustic guitar and country-style singing. As a child, he was mentored by a local country gospel singer, Ralph Trotto.[14]

An uncle showed young Mack how to merge a fast-picking Merle Travis country sound with traditional acoustic blues-picking styles.[15] Mack considered Travis, pop/jazz guitarist Les Paul and electric blues guitarist T-Bone Walker his biggest guitar influences.[16]

Mack cited the vocal influences of R&B artists Jimmy Reed, Ray Charles, Bobby "Blue" Bland, and Hank Ballard, country singer George Jones, country-gospel singer Martha Carson and traditional black gospel singer Archie Brownlee.[17]

As an adult, he recorded tunes associated with each of these artists.

Career

In 1954, at the age of thirteen, Mack dropped out of school after a fight with a teacher. He soon began performing professionally with a succession of local bands, using a fake ID.[18] He played guitar on several low-circulation recordings in the late 1950s. One, "Hey Baby" (Sage, 1959), a bluegrass/rockabilly tune by two of his cousins, was reissued by Bear Family Records in 2010.[19]

Mack went on to release thirteen original albums over the course of his career. His recordings drew from black and white American roots music genres,[20] including blues, country, bluegrass, rockabilly, R&B, soul, country gospel, and traditional black gospel. In Rolling Stone, Alec Dubro wrote, "Lonnie can be put into that 'Elvis Presley–Roy Orbison–Early Rock' bag, but mostly for convenience. In total sound and execution, he was an innovator."[21]

In the early 1960s he became a session guitarist with Fraternity Records, a small label in Cincinnati. In 1963, he recorded two hit records for Fraternity, the proto-blues-rock guitar instrumentals "Memphis" and "Wham!" (See the section entitled "'Memphis' and 'Wham!'", below). He soon recorded additional tunes (both instrumentals and vocals) to flesh out his debut album, The Wham of that Memphis Man (Fraternity, 1963). Mack produced some notable recordings later in his career,[22] but The Wham of that Memphis Man ultimately formed the centerpiece of Mack's career. Based as much on Mack's vocals as his guitar-playing, music critic Jimmy Guterman ranked the album No. 16 in his book, The 100 Best Rock 'n' Roll Records of All Time.[23]

Mack then recorded several additional batches of tunes for Fraternity in 1964 and 1965. However, their distribution was limited by Fraternity's financial difficulties and the sudden popularity of The Beatles-led British Invasion. Apart from "Memphis" (Billboard #5) and Wham!" (Billboard #24), only two additional Mack Fraternity singles charted: "Honky-Tonk '65" (#78) and "Baby, What's Wrong?" (#93).[24] Many of Mack's mid-1960s Fraternity recordings weren't released until Ace Records (UK) acquired Fraternity's original master tapes in the late 1990s. In the mid-1960s, with his career in a slump, Mack turned to R&B session work (mostly for other labels), playing guitar on recordings by James Brown, Freddie King, Joe Simon and others.[25]

In late 1968, the newly-founded Rolling Stone magazine re-focused the spotlight on Mack with a retrospective review of his five-year-old Fraternity recordings.[26] He soon moved to Los Angeles to execute a three-album contract with Elektra Records.[27] While contracted to Elektra, he performed in major rock venues, including the Fillmore East, the Fillmore West and the Cow Palace, where he opened for The Doors and Crosby, Stills & Nash and shared the stage with Johnny Winter, Elvin Bishop and other popular rock and blues artists of the time.[28] While contracted with Elektra, Mack also played bass guitar on The Doors hit record, "Roadhouse Blues".

However, it was the "hippie" era in the U.S., and Mack's "Kentucky truck-driver" persona was an uncomfortable fit with commercial rock's target demographic.[29] In addition, his rustic sensibilities were unsuited to urban living,[30] stardom,[7][6] Los Angeles' psychedelic music scene,[31] and major-label corporate politics.[32] Unhappy and disillusioned after three years in the commercial rock spotlight, Mack relocated to Nashville in 1971 to record his final (and mostly country) Elektra album, then returned to his birthplace in rural southeast Indiana, where, for the next decade, he operated as a low-profile country music recording artist, sideman and session musician.

In 1973, Mack and Rusty York released an all-acoustic bluegrass LP, Dueling Banjos. In 1974, Mack played lead guitar in Dobie Gray's band. Mack's guitar work from this period can be found on Gray's 1974 country-pop album Hey, Dixie.[33] In 1977, Mack recorded Home at Last, an album of country ballads and bluegrass tunes. In 1978, he recorded Lonnie Mack with Pismo, a somewhat faster-paced album, of country, southern rock and rockabilly tunes.

In 1983, Mack relocated to Austin, Texas, at the suggestion of his friend, and blues-rock guitar disciple, Stevie Ray Vaughan. With Vaughan's help and encouragement, Mack re-emerged as a rock artist with his indie comeback album, Strike Like Lightning (Alligator, 1985), and a promotional tour featuring guest appearances by Vaughan, Ry Cooder, Keith Richards and Ronnie Wood.[34] The tour culminated in a Carnegie Hall concert with Albert Collins and Roy Buchanan.[35] He released three more albums over the next four years, including his recording career epilogue, Lonnie Mack Live – Attack of the Killer V! (Alligator, 1990). Thereafter, he retired from recording as a solo artist. He made guest appearances on albums of two other artists in 2000, and continued to intermittently tour the roadhouse and music festival circuits at home and abroad until 2004. He rarely performed in public thereafter.

"Memphis" and "Wham!"

On March 12, 1963,[36] at the end of a recording session backing up The Charmaines, Mack and his band were offered the remaining twenty minutes of studio-rental time.[14] Not expecting the tune to be released, Mack recorded a jaunty rockabilly/blues guitar take-off on Chuck Berry's 1959 UK vocal hit, "Memphis, Tennessee".[37] He had improvised the guitar solo in a live performance a few years earlier, when the band-member who always sang the tune missed a club date. Mack's instrumental homage to the Berry tune was well-received, so he adopted it as part of his live act. He shortened the title to "Memphis".

As recorded in 1963, "Memphis" featured a then-unique combination of several key elements, including seven distinct sections and an unusually fast twelve-bar blues solo, augmented by an aggressive rock drum-beat.[38] Interviewed in 2011, the recording engineer on "Memphis", Chuck Seitz, recalled that it took ten minutes to "set up" and less than ten minutes to record the tune twice.[39] According to musicologist Richard T. Pinnell, Mack's upbeat, fast-paced take on electric blues-guitar in "Memphis" was unprecedented in the history of rock guitar soloing to that point, producing a tune that was both "rhythmically and melodically full of fire" and "one of the milestones of early rock and roll guitar".[40]

"Memphis" was first broadcast in the spring of 1963. By late June, "Memphis" had risen to No. 4 on Billboard's R&B chart and No. 5 on Billboard's pop chart.[41] According to The Book of Golden Discs, "Memphis" sold over one million copies.[42] The popularity of "Memphis" led to bookings at larger venues, tours in the UK and performances with Chuck Berry.[43]

Still in 1963, Mack released "Wham!", a gospel-inspired guitar rave-up that reached No. 24 on Billboard's Pop chart in September.[37] He soon recorded several more rock-guitar solos in the same style,[44] including "Chicken Pickin'" and an instrumental version of Dale Hawkins's "Suzie Q".[45]

Many consider "Memphis" and "Wham!" to be the earliest genuine hit recordings of the virtuoso blues-rock guitar genre.[46]

Mack's influence on other guitarists

Mack is said to have been an inspiration to several generations of rock guitarists who rose to prominence after "Memphis" and "Wham!", including Joe Bonamassa, Eric Clapton, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Jeff Beck, Duane Allman, Keith Richards, Jimmy Page and Ted Nugent.[47]

Guitarists who have specifically identified Mack as a major influence include Vaughan,[48] Beck,[49] and Nugent,[50] as well as Dickey Betts,[51] Warren Haynes,[52] Ray Benson,[53] Bootsy Collins,[54] and Adrian Belew.[55]

Mack was proud of his influence on the development of rock guitar. "It's a great honor to be able to [inspire other artists]. What you do in this business, your whole thing is givin' stuff away. But that makes you feel good, makes you feel like you've really done something." [56]

Late career, retirement and death

After recording his final album, Attack of the Killer V (1990), Mack continued to perform on the roadhouse circuit until 2004.

On November 15, 2008, he was a featured performer at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's thirteenth annual Music Masters Tribute Concert, soloing on "Wham!" in a 93rd birthday salute to the concert's honoree, electric-guitar pioneer Les Paul.[57]

Mack died on April 21, 2016, at a country hospital near his home in Smithville, Tennessee. His death at age 74 was attributed both to "natural causes"[58] and decades of "hard living".[59]

Original Album Discography

Career recognition and awards

Year Award or recognition
1992 Music critic Jimmy Guterman ranked Mack's first album #16 in his book, The 100 Best Rock 'n' Roll Records of All Time.[60]
1993 Gibson Guitar Corporation issued a limited-run "Lonnie Mack Signature Edition" of "Number 7", Mack's 1958 "Flying V" guitar[61]
1998 Lifetime Achievement "Cammy" ("Cammy" is the nickname for the Cincinnati Enquirer Pop Music Award, which is presented annually to musicians identified with the tri-State area of Kentucky, Ohio, and Indiana)[62]
2001 Inducted into the Southeastern Indiana Musician's Association Hall of Fame[63]
2001 Inducted into the International Guitar Hall of Fame[64]
2002 Second "Lifetime Achievement" Cammy[65]
2005 Inducted into the Rockabilly Hall of Fame[66]
2006 Inducted into The Southern Legends Entertainment & Performing Arts Hall of Fame[67]
2011 Mack's "Number 7" was judged among the world's 150 "most elite guitars"[68]

See also

External links

  • Account of Mack's final public performance: "The Gear Page", Sixstringsunder, "Lonnie Mack sat in with my band Sat night", April 6, 2009, at https://www.thegearpage.net/board/index.php?threads/lonnie-mack-sat-in-with-my-band-sat-night.532235/

References

  1. ^ (1) Poe, Skydog: The Duane Allman Story, Backbeat, 2006, at p. 10; (2) Guterman, The 100 Best Rock 'n' Roll Records of All Time, 1992, Citadel Publishing, p. 34.
  2. ^ See, e.g., Wyatt, "Lonnie Mack and the Birth of Blues-Rock Guitar", Guitar World magazine, April 25, 2016.
  3. ^ See section entitled "Mack's influence on other guitarists".
  4. ^ See, e.g., (1) Millar, essay entitled "Colour Me Soul", from "History of Rock", 1983, as preserved at https://web.archive.org/web/20071122194241/http://www.soul-source.co.uk/soul- words/blue-eyed-soul-colour-me-soul.htm; (2) Stephens, "Lonnie Mack", Topperpost 522, April, 2016 at http://www.toppermost.co.uk/lonnie-mack/
  5. ^ See, interview of music historian Dick Shurman, in McCardle, "Lonnie Mack, Guitarist and Singer Who Influenced Blues and Rock Acts, Dies at 74", Washington Post, April 25, 2016, at https://www.washingtonpost.com/entertainment/music/lonnie-mack-guitarist-and-singer-who-influenced-blues-and-rock-acts-dies-at-74/2016/04/25/5c581f3c-0a44-11e6-bfa1-4efa856caf2a_story.html. See also, Mayhew, "Southern Rock Legend Lonnie Mack Dies at 74", reverb.com online, April 22, 2016 at https://reverb.com/news/southern-rock-legend-lonnie-mack-dies-at-74".
  6. ^ a b Terence McArdle, "Lonnie Mack, Guitarist and Singer Who Influenced Blues and Rock Acts, Dies at 74", Washington Post April 25, 2016, at https://www.washingtonpost.com/entertainment/music/lonnie-mack-guitarist-and-singer-who-influenced-blues-and-rock-acts-dies-at-74/2016/04/25/5c581f3c-0a44-11e6-bfa1-4efa856caf2a_story.html. Thus, at age 29, after a three-year period of commercial success with Elektra records (three albums and performances at major rock venues), Mack reinvented himself as a low-profile country artist for the next 14 years. Later (at age 48), after a resurgent five-year period of commercial success (1985–1989: four successful albums, a Carnegie Hall concert and guest appearances by The Rolling Stones and Stevie Ray Vaughan), he abruptly retired from recording and spent the remaining 14 years of his career as an itinerant roadhouse performer.
  7. ^ a b Peter Guralnick, Pickers, "Lonnie Mack: Fiery Picker Goes Country", 1977, pp. 16–18.
  8. ^ See, section of this article entitled "Career Recognition and Awards"
  9. ^ "The Guitar Collection". Theguitarcollectionbook.com. Archived from the original on January 4, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2011. 
  10. ^ It is still common for young locals leave the impoverishment of Owsley County for a better future in Indiana. Strickland, "Inside Owsley: America's poorest white county", Al Jazeera News on-line, November 7, 2016, at http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2016/11/owsley-feeling-forgotten-america-white-county-161107111708901.html". During the Hillbilly Highway migration of refugees from the coal mine closures in Southern Appalachia before World War II, most sought jobs in industrialized cities; the McIntosh worked instead as sharecroppers.
  11. ^ "Lonnie Mack, July 18, 1941 – April 21, 2016". alligator.com. 
  12. ^ Sandmel, "Lonnie Mack is Back of the Track", Guitar World, May 1984, pp. 55–56.
  13. ^ (1)Forte, "Lonnie Mack: That Memphis Man is Back", 1978, p. 20; (2) Murrells, The Book of Golden Discs, Barrie & Jenkins, 1978, p.163
  14. ^ a b Bill Millar, liner notes to Ace (UK) early Mack compilation album entitled "Memphis Wham!"
  15. ^ Matre, Van (May 2, 1985). "Lonnie Mack Back In The Swing Of Things" (http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1985-05-0 2/features/8501270055_1_mack-doesn-t-stevie-ray-vaughan-lonnie-mack). Chicago Tribune, Lifestyle Section. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  16. ^ (1) Liner notes to Ace, UK, CD entitled "Memphis Wham!"; (2) Dahl, Bill. "Lonnie Mack profile at" (https://www.allmusic.com/artist/p438). allmusic.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  17. ^ (1) "Unsung Guitar Hero: Lonnie Mack" at http://www2.gibson.com/News-Lifestyle/Features/en-us/Unsung-Guitar-Hero-Lo nnie-Mack.aspx, July 14, 1985. Retrieved May 18, 2014; (2) McNutt, Guitar Towns, University of Indiana Press, 2002, p. 175.
  18. ^ (1) House, Triad Publishing. "Lonnie Mack bio at" (http://www.lonniemack.com). Lonniemack.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011; (2) McNutt, Guitar Towns, 2002, p. 175.
  19. ^ Album, "That'll Flat Git It", V. 27, track 17, ISBN 978-3-89916-577-7. It was published in the U.S. as "That'll Flat Git It! Vol. 27: Rockabilly & Rock 'n' Roll From The Vault Of Sage & Sand Records: Various Artists" On it, seventeen-year-old Mack can be heard providing a Travis-picking guitar accompaniment, punctuated by a brief rockabilly solo.Harley Gabbard & Aubrey Holt - Hey Baby ~ Rockabilly on YouTube
  20. ^ (1) Watrous, "Lonnie Mack in a Melange of Guitar Styles", New York Times, September 18, 1988, at https://www.nytimes.com/1988/09/18/arts/review-rock-lonnie-mack-in-a-melange-of-guitar-styles.html; (2) McNutt, Guitar Towns, University of Indiana Press, 2002, p. 174.
  21. ^ Alec Dubro, Rolling Stone magazine (retrospective review of Mack's first album, The Wham of that Memphis Man [1964]), March 23, 1968.
  22. ^ The albums Strike Like Lightning (1985), and Lonnie Mack Live: Attack of the Killer V (1990), were commercially successful and drew critical acclaim.
  23. ^ Citadel Publishing, 1992.
  24. ^ Billboard's "Chart History" list for Mack at http://www.billboard.com/artist/307816/lonnie-mack/chart.
  25. ^ See, Mack discography at http://wdd.mbnet.fi/lonniemack.htm.
  26. ^ Alec Dubro, review of The Wham of that Memphis Man, Rolling Stone, November 23, 1968.
  27. ^ Mack's three Elektra albums were Glad I'm in the Band (1969), Whatever's Right (1969) and The Hills of Indiana (1971). These were eclectic collections of country and soul ballads, blues tunes, and updated versions of earlier recordings. Both 1969 albums emphasized Mack's vocals and de-emphasized his guitar work. They were modest commercial successes. Mack's final Elektra effort, The Hills of Indiana, was a country album recorded in Nashville, which attracted little attention. In 1970, Elektra also reissued Mack's Fraternity debut album, The Wham of that Memphis Man!, with two bonus tracks from 1964, calling it "For Collectors Only".
  28. ^ (1) Deccio, "Lonnie Mack Dead", April 24, 2016, http://www.inquisitr.com/3029420/lonnie-mack-dead-guitarist-and-vocalist-who-pioneered-blues-rock-dies-at-74/; (2) Poster for Mack's six-day run at the Fillmore West in July 1969 at http://www.classicposters.com/Johnny_Winter/poster/Bill_Graham/180; (3) Poster of Mack's Cow Palace appearance with the Doors and Elvin Bishop at http://www.classicposters.com/Lonnie_Mack; (4) Mack's reference to appearing with C, S &N at the Fillmore East in his 1985 Carnegie Hall interview at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CHAcMm8pxvo.
  29. ^ (1) John Northland wrote: "[All] the superior chops in the world couldn't hide the fact that chubby, country Mack probably had more in common with Kentucky truck drivers than he did with the new rock audience." Morthland, "Lonnie Mack", Output, March 1984; (2) "Lonnie was a real country boy". Elektra producer Russ Miller, in Holzman, Follow the Music, First Media, 1998, p. 367.
  30. ^ (1) Lyrics to Mack's tune, "A Long Way From Memphis" (1985) ("L.A. made me sick"); (2) Lyrics to Mack's tune, "Country" (1976): "I don't care what you think of me, I'm a-gonna live my life bein' country. Had a fancy job out in Hollywood, everybody said I was doin' good. Had lots of money and opportunities, but I'm a-gonna live my life bein' country."
  31. ^ "Weekend: GO FREETIME! – Cincinnati's ultimate guide to entertainment!". 2.cincinnati.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017. 
  32. ^ (1) Sandmel, "Lonnie Mack is Back on the Track", Guitar World, May 1984, pp. 59–60; (2) Stuart Holman, Mack's bass guitarist in the early 1970s, said that Mack "had no tolerance for the internal politics of the music business." Holman interview on the broadcast "Lonnie Mack Special", July 16, 2011, at http://wvxu.org/post/lonnie-mack-special#stream/0.
  33. ^ Mack wrote or co-wrote three tunes on the album, including the title track. See credits under"track listings"/"show track credits" for Hey Dixie at https://rateyourmusic.com/release/album/dobie-gray/hey-dixie/. In March 1974, he performed as Gray's lead guitarist at the last broadcast of The Grand Ole Opry from Nashville's Ryman Auditorium.
  34. ^ (1) See, July, 1985 photo of Richards and the Wood backing Mack's performance at New York's Lone Star Cafe at https://www.iorr.org/talk/read.php?1,2317009; (2) Attendees included Mick Jagger, Paul Simon and Bob Dylan. See, review of Mack's appearance at the Lone Star, NY Times, Sunday, July 14. 1985.
  35. ^ (1) Lonnie Mack - Satisfy Susie on YouTube; (2) Lonnie Mack Stop on YouTube; (3) Lonnie Mack, Albert Collins & Roy Buchanan on YouTube
  36. ^ 1963 Stewart Colman, liner notes to album "From Nashville to Memphis", March 2001
  37. ^ a b "We Lost Another Guitar Hero on April 21—Lonnie Mack Passes at 74". GuitarPlayer.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017. 
  38. ^ Richard T. Pinnell, Ph. D., "Lonnie Mack's Version of Chuck Berry's 'Memphis' — An Analysis of an Historic Rock Guitar Instrumental", Guitar Player Magazine, May 1979, p. 41|quote="An extended guitar solo exploiting the entire range of the instrument rings in the climax of the song in the fifth section. Lonnie Mack begins this portion by quoting several measures of the riff one octave higher than before. From there, he breaks into his choicest licks, including double-picking and pulling-off techniques — all with driving, complicated rhythms and technical precision"
  39. ^ "Lonnie Mack Special", http://wvxu.org/post/lonnie-mack-special#stream/0
  40. ^ Pinnell, Richard T. (May 1979). "Lonnie Mack's 'Memphis': An Analysis of an Historic Rock Guitar Instrumental". Guitar Player. p. 40. 
  41. ^ "Memphis" was the fourth rock guitar instrumental to reach Billboard's "Top 5", preceded by "Twang" and "Surf" classics, including The Virtues' "Guitar Boogie Shuffle" (1958), The Ventures' "Walk, Don't Run" (1960), and Duane Eddy's "Because They're Young" (1960). In 1964, Johnny Rivers released his own version of "Memphis", recombining Berry's vocal treatment with signature elements of Mack's instrumental. Rivers' version reached No. 2 on the U.S. Hit Parade.
  42. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 163. ISBN 0-214-20512-6. 
  43. ^ (1) "Swampland:Lonnie Mack". www.swampland.com. Retrieved November 29, 2017. ; (2) "Remembering Lonnie Mack and his visits to Pike – Milford PA – Letters to the Editor". Pikecountycourier.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017. 
  44. ^ Russ Miller, liner notes to album For Collectors Only, Elektra EKS-74077, 1970 and "From Nashville to Memphis" Ace CDCHD807
  45. ^ "Mack Discography". Koti.mbnet.fi. Retrieved July 27, 2011. 
  46. ^ (1) "Talkin' Blues: Lonnie Mack and the Birth of Blues-Rock". Guitar World. Retrieved May 18, 2014. ; (2) Guitar Player, "101 Forgotten Greats and Unsung Heroes", 2/1/2007, at https://www.guitarplayer.com/players/101-forgotten-greats-andamp-unsung-heroes
  47. ^ See, e.g., (1) Herbert, "Lonnie Mack dead: Blues guitar great dies at 74, Joe Bonamassa says", April 22, 2016 at http://www.syracuse.com/celebrity-news/index.ssf/2016/04/lonnie_mack_dead_blues_guitarist_joe_bonamassa.html; (2) Santoro, "Double-Whammy", Guitar World, January 1986, p. 34; (3) "Landmark Recordings", Guitar World, July 1980, as republished in Guitar World, July 1990; and (4) Eskow, "The Death of Prince and the Death of Lonnie Mack", Counterpunch.org, May 3, 2016, at http://www.counterpunch.org/2016/05/03/the-death-of-prince-and-the-death-of-lonnie-mack/
  48. ^ (1) Joseph, "Before the Flood", Guitar World Magazine, September 1983; (2) "The Lost Stevie Ray Vaughan Interview" at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hhffhhnibQY
  49. ^ Miller, "Jeff Beck's Guitar Magic Conquers Boston's Orpheum Theater", The Patriot Ledger on-line, April 20, 2015 at http://www.patriotledger.com/article/20150420/blogs/304209997
  50. ^ Nugent interview at http://www.musicradar.com/news/guitars/ted-nugent-picks-the-11-greatest-guitarists-of-all-time-533304,
  51. ^ Ben Sandmel, "The Allman Brothers: Live at the Clifton Garage 1970" at http://www.spectratechltd.com/extrapages/Allman%20Brothers%20-%20Live%20at%20Ludlow%20Garage%20CD%20-%20cover%20&%20notes.pdf
  52. ^ http://www.warrenhaynes.net/news/detail/warren_haynes_reflects_on_lonnie_mack)
  53. ^ Benson interview, VHS-DVD, "Further On Down the Road", Flying V, 1985
  54. ^ Interview with Bootsy Collins, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=US1658nBJow)
  55. ^ Munro, "Ex King Crimson Man Belew Pays Tribute to Lonnie Mack", April 29, 2016, at http://teamrock.com/news/2016-04-29/ex-king-crimson-man-belew-pays-tribute-to-lonnie-mack)
  56. ^ Nager, "Guitar Greatness: Lonnie Mack's style is heard 'round the world", Cincinnati Enquirer online "Freetime" section, March 13, 1998 at http://www2.cincinnati.com/freetime/weekend/031398_weekend.html.
  57. ^ John Soeder, The Plain Dealer. "Guitar stars pay tribute to Les Paul in Cleveland concert". cleveland.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011. 
  58. ^ Kreps, "Lonnie Mack, Blues-Rock Guitar Great, Dead at 74", Rolling Stone magazine on-line, April 23, 2016, at https://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/lonnie-mack-blues-rock-guitar-great-dead-at-74-20160423)
  59. ^ (1) See, account of Alligator Records' founder Bruce Iglauer in Vitale, "RIP Lonnie Mack", WTTW Chicago Tonight, April 22, 2017 at http://chicagotonight.wttw.com/2016/04/22/rip-lonnie-mack.); (2) Mack had often told friends of a lifelong recurring dream, set near his childhood homes, in which his body "flew effortlessly across the Ohio River."(See article at http://cannoncourier.com/the-passing-of-lonnie-mack-cms-15119.) He was laid to rest on a hillside overlooking the river, near the scenes of his youth, in Aurora, Indiana. (See, "Lonnie Mack Services, Burial In Hometown This Week", at http://eaglecountryonline.com/local-article/lonnie- mack-services-burial-in-hometown-this-week/). EagleCountryOnline.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017.)
  60. ^ Citadel Publishing, 1992)
  61. ^ Meiners, Larry [2001-03-01], Flying V: The Illustrated History of the Modernistic Guitar, Flying Vintage Publishing, p. 13.
  62. ^ Larry Nager, Cincinnati Enquirer, "Lonnie Mack Wins Lifetime Achievement Cammy", March 15, 1998
  63. ^ "Security Check Required". Facebook.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017. 
  64. ^ "Guitar Hall of Fame". Guitarhalloffame.com. Retrieved October 28, 2017. 
  65. ^ http://www.lonniemack.com/cammy.html
  66. ^ "List of Hall of Famers". Rockabillyhall.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011. 
  67. ^ "Full Inductee List". Widmarcs.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011. 
  68. ^ "The Guitar Collection". Theguitarcollectionbook.com. Archived from the original on January 4, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2011. 
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