Long-eared flying mouse

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Long-eared flying mouse
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Anomaluridae
Genus: Idiurus
Species: I. macrotis
Binomial name
Idiurus macrotis
Miller, 1898
Idiurus macrotis distribution (colored).png

The long-eared flying mouse (Idiurus macrotis), or long-eared scaly-tailed flying squirrel, is a species of flying mouse from western and central Africa.[1] It is not actually a squirrel, nor a mouse, though it is a rodent.[2] Not much is known about them because they are very hard to keep alive in captivity.[2]

To achieve gliding flight, it uses two membranes (patagia) which fold up when not in use. When the limbs are stretched wide in a star-shape, the membranes become taut and allow the rodent to glide from tree to tree. Being arboreal, Idiurus spends all of its time in the trees, living in hollow trunks in groups of 2 to 40.[2] Limit information suggests that it is mainly frugivorous.[2] It has a long tail in proportion to its body, sporting two lines of raised scales, and patches of scaly skin to help it grip trees, but the rest of its body is furry. The tail is longer than the body and is also used to balance, like a primate's tail. Long-eared scaly-tailed flying squirrels are about 20 cm long and weigh 30g. In comparison, the body of a common household mouse is approximately 10 cm long and its tail is approximately 5 cm.

References

  1. ^ a b Hutterer, R. & Decher, J. (2008). "Idiurus macrotis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 6 January 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d Emily Rudman; Matthew Wund; Phil Myers. "ADW: Idiurius macrotis: Information". Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Retrieved 23 December 2008. 


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