London commuter belt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An approximate view of the London Commuter Belt showing commuter towns and the main road and rail links into the city. Urban areas in and around London are grey.

The London commuter belt is a metropolitan area that includes London and its surrounding commuter zone (the area in which it is practical to commute to work in London). It is also known as the London metropolitan area,[1] or Southeast metropolitan area.[2] It should not be confused with Greater London or the Greater London Built-up Area.

The most up-to-date population figures are from Eurostat, that the London metropolitan area is the largest in the EU with a population of 13,709,128 (in 2011, provisionally 14,431,830 in 2016).[3]


The boundaries are not fixed; they expand as transport options improve and affordable housing moves further away from city centre.[4] The belt currently covers much of the South East region and part of the East of England region, including the home counties of Hertfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Surrey, Kent and Essex, and, by several definitions, Hampshire, West Sussex, East Sussex and Bedfordshire.

The population of Greater London and those counties adjacent to the green belt was 18,868,800 in 2011. Much of the undeveloped part of this area lies within the designated Metropolitan Green Belt, which covers nearly all of Surrey, eastern Berkshire, southern Buckinghamshire, southern and mid Hertfordshire, southern Bedfordshire, south-west Essex, and western Kent. In addition, three Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (the Chiltern Hills, Surrey Hills and North Downs AONBs) surrounding the Thames basin are within the commuter belt.


Travel to Work Area

The London Travel to Work Area in 2001 (dark blue), with the administrative boundary of Greater London shown.

The London Travel to Work Area, defined by the Office for National Statistics as the area for which "of the resident economically active population, at least 75% actually work in the area, and also, that of everyone working in the area, at least 75% actually live in the area."[5] has a population of 9,294,800 (2005 estimate).[6]

Environs of Greater London

There are 17 local government districts that share a boundary with Greater London, in the East and South East regions. Most districts are entirely, or have sections, within the M25 motorway or are within 15–20 miles (24–32 km) of Charing Cross.

Adjacent districts often share characteristics of Outer London, such as forming part of the continuous urban sprawl, being served by the London Underground, being covered by the London telephone area code, (until 2000) forming part of the Metropolitan Police District and having a relatively high employed population working in London.

London's Larger Urban Zone

Larger Urban Zone is a definition created by Eurostat that measures the population and expanse of metropolitan areas across European countries. The population of London's Larger Urban Zone is 11.9 million (2004),[7] ranking it as the largest metropolitan area in the European Union. The districts that are considered parts of this Larger Urban Zone are listed here:[8] no districts in Bedfordshire, Hampshire or Sussex are included. Several large conurbations fall just outside the zone: Reading, Luton, High Wycombe and significant parts of the Aldershot and Crawley Urban Areas.

Region County Districts within London's larger urban zone Districts outside London's larger urban zone
East Hertfordshire North Hertfordshire
South East Kent



Urban areas within the commuter belt

The urban area of London (grey) extends beyond the London boundary. The M25 is also shown. The 020 telephone dialling code is shown in red.

The following table lists urban areas (also known as built-up areas) considered part of the London Commuter Belt with populations over 20,000.[9][10]

Rank Urban Area[11] Population

(2011 Census)[11]

1 Greater London Urban Area 9,787,426 Greater London
2 Reading/Wokingham Urban Area 318,014 Berkshire
3 Southend Urban Area 295,310 Essex
4 Luton/Dunstable Urban Area 258,018 Bedfordshire
5 Aldershot Urban Area 252,397 Hampshire
6 Medway Towns Urban Area 243,391 Kent
7 Basildon/Wickford 216,486 Essex
8 Slough Urban Area 163,777 Berkshire
9 Crawley Urban Area 180,457 East Sussex
10 High Wycombe Urban Area 133,204 Buckinghamshire
11 Chelmsford 111,511 Essex
12 Maidstone 107,627 Kent
13 Stevenage 90,232 Hertfordshire
14 Grays/Tilbury 89,755 Essex
15 Aylesbury 74,748 Buckinghamshire
16 Royal Tunbridge Wells 68,910 Kent
17 Maidenhead 64,831 Berkshire
18 Welwyn Urban Area 59,910 Hertfordshire
19 Reigate/Redhill 56,621 Surrey
20 Brentwood 52,586 Essex
21 Horsham 51,472 West Sussex
22 Amersham/Chesham 46,122 Buckinghamshire
23 Hertford/Ware 45,457 Hertfordshire
24 Letchworth/Baldock 43,529 Hertfordshire
25 Hatfield 41,677 Hertfordshire
26 Fleet 38,726 Hampshire
27 Tonbridge 38,657 Kent
28 Canvey Island 38,170 Essex
29 Bishop's Stortford 37,838 Hertfordshire
30 Leighton Buzzard 37,469 Bedfordshire
31 Billericay 36,338 Essex
32 Hitchin 36,099 Hertfordshire
33 Windsor/Eton 33,348 Berkshire
34 Harpenden 30,240 Hertfordshire
35 Sevenoaks 29,506 Kent
36 Stanford Le Hope/Corringham 28,725 Essex
37 Ditton 25,982 Kent
38 Godalming 22,689 Surrey
39 Potters Bar 22,639 Hertfordshire
40 New Addington 22,280 Greater London
41 Berkhamsted 21,997 Hertfordshire
42 Swanley 21,839 Kent
43 Gerrards Cross 20,633 Buckinghamshire
44 Crowborough 20,607 East Sussex
TOTAL 13,529,275

See also


  1. ^ "Greater South East needs strategic investment to secure future". London Development Agency. 18 June 2007. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. 
  2. ^ London Assembly Archived 27 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine. – London in its Regional Setting (PDF)
  3. ^ "Metropolitan Area Populations". Eurostat. 15 April 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015. 
  4. ^ BBC News – The new commuter belt. 18 July 2006.
  5. ^ Travel to Work Areas (TTWAs) Archived 1 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Beginners' guide to UK geography, Office for National Statistics
  6. ^ State of the Cities Database Report on the Urban Competitiveness Theme for: – London TTWA (LA)[permanent dead link] State of the Cities Database – Department for Communities and Local Government (Mid year population estimates on page 4 of the report)
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ "British urban pattern: population data" (PDF). ESPON project 1.4.3 Study on Urban Functions. European Spatial Planning Observation Network. March 2007. p. 119. Archived from the original (pdf) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2010. 
  10. ^ "World Gazetteer: London - largest cities (per geographical entity)". 9 February 2013. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "2011 Census – Built-up areas". ONS. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 

External links

  • Calculator for commuter travel times to London from the Home Counties
  • London Travel to Work Area mapped with others
  • A list of towns considered part of the commuter belt according to World Gazetteer at (archived 9 February 2013)

Coordinates: 51°30′26″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5073°N 0.1277°W / 51.5073; -0.1277

Retrieved from ""
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia :
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "London commuter belt"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA