London Underground C Stock

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C Stock
In service 1910–1958
Manufacturer Hurst Nelson
Specifications
Car length 49 ft (14.94 m)
Width 8 ft 9 12 in (2.680 m)
Height 12 ft 3 14 in (3.740 m)
Weight 33.16 long tons (33.69 t; 37.14 short tons)
Seating 48
Notes
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

The C Stock was built for the District Railway in 1910. The additional rolling stock was required to increase the frequency of the service (particularly given the introduction of automatic electro-pneumatic signalling which allowed less headway between trains), plus the four-tracking of the section west of Hammersmith which allowed a greater frequency of trains to and from Richmond.

Fifty-two cars were built by Hurst Nelson, thirty-two were driving motor cars and the remaining twenty were trailer cars. The design was based on the earlier B Stock and was the basis for the D Stock trains which appeared in 1912.

In 1928 the 20 trailer cars were rebuilt into motor cars. In the 1940s the C, D and E stocks were reclassified as "H Stock" (signifying hand-operated doors), along with other pre-1938 District Line rolling stock that had not been converted to have air-operated doors. The H Stock was largely eliminated by the early 1950s, following replacement by R Stock. The remaining cars were largely confined to the Olympia shuttle service and were withdrawn from passenger service by the late 1950s. A few examples continued in use for a time, painted grey, as "Stores Carriers", before being finally broken up in May 1963.[1][2][3]

The C Stock remains the only fleet of London Underground carriages to have been built in Scotland. No vehicles have survived into preservation. In appearance, they were similar to the B Stock.

References

  1. ^ "UndergrounD: The Journal of the London Underground Society", February 1962 page 3
  2. ^ "UndergrounD: The Journal of the London Underground Society", July 1962 page 4
  3. ^ "UndergrounD: The Journal of the London Underground Society", May 1963 page 11
  • J. Graeme Bruce, Steam to Silver, published by the London Transport Executive, 1970, pages 89–94


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