Lola Iturbe

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Lola Iturbe

Lola (Dolores) Iturbe (Barcelona, 1 August 1902 – Gijón, 5 January 1990)[1][2] was a prominent Spanish anarcho-syndicalist, trade unionist, activist, and journalist during the Second Spanish Republic,[3] and a member of the French Resistance during the Battle of France. Working as a maid since childhood, she was self-taught. Iturbe was a member of the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT). In 1921 she was joined by the anarchist Juan Manuel Molina. She was one of the founders of the anarcho-feminist movement, Mujeres Libres[4] and of the Comité de Milicias Antifascistas during the Spanish Civil War. She chronicled the war for Tierra y Libertad from the Aragón front. At the end of the conflict, she was exiled to France with her companion, Juan Manuel Molina Mateo, or "Juanel", a former secretary-general of the Federación Anarquista Ibérica.[5] Together, they formed part of the French Resistance.

References

  1. ^ Lola Iturbe, sindicalista libertaria, El País, 6 January 1990.
  2. ^ Lola Iturbe, lamalatesta.net.
  3. ^ Ackelsberg 2005, p. 47.
  4. ^ Juan Manuel Molina, enciclopedia.cat, Retrieved 15 September 2016
  5. ^ Ackelsberg 2005, p. 24.

Bibliography

  • Ackelsberg, Martha A. (2005). Free Women of Spain: Anarchism and the Struggle for the Emancipation of Women. AK Press. ISBN 978-1-902593-96-8.
  • Fontanillas, Antonia & Torres, Sonya. Lola Iturbe. Vida e ideal de una luchadora anarquista. Virus Editorial, Colección Acracia, Barcelona 2006. ISBN 978-84-96044-69-2
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