Loganatha Perumal Temple

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Loganatha Perumal Temple
Loganatha Perumal Temple is located in Tamil Nadu
Loganatha Perumal Temple
Location in Tamil Nadu
Geography
Coordinates 10°45′26″N 79°45′48″E / 10.75722°N 79.76333°E / 10.75722; 79.76333Coordinates: 10°45′26″N 79°45′48″E / 10.75722°N 79.76333°E / 10.75722; 79.76333
Country India
State Tamil Nadu
District Nagapatnam
Location Thirukannagudi, Sikkal
Culture
Sanctum Loganathar(Vishnu)

Aravindavalli(Lakshmi)

Damodara Narayanan(Vishnu)
Loganayaki(Lakshmi)
Temple tank Sravana
Tower Utpala
Architecture
Architecture Dravidian architecture

Loganatha Perumal Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Vishnu located 2 km away from Sikkal, Tamil Nadu, India on the Tiruvarur-Nagapatnam highway.[1] Constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD. It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshiped as Loganatha Perumal and his consort Lakshmi as Loganayagi.

The temple is believed to have been built by the Medieval Cholas of the late 8th century AD, with later contributions from Vijayanagar kings and Madurai Nayaks. A granite wall surrounds the temple, enclosing all its shrines and its bodies of water. The temple has a five-tiered rajagopuram, the temple's gateway tower.

Loganatha temple is believed to have appeared to Brahma, sages Gautama, Uprivasu, Vashista, Bhrighu and Madarar . Six daily rituals and four yearly festivals are held at the temple, of which the Panguni Brahmostavam, celebrated during the Tamil month of Panguni (April–May), is the most prominent. The temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu.

Legend

As per Hindu legend, sage Gautama is believed to have worshiped the deity here.[2]

Architecture

The temple[3] has a five-tier rajagopuram and a vast temple complex. The temple tank is right outside the temple. The prime deity, Loganathar has an imposing image is housed in the sanctum. The sanctum is approached from the gateway tower through a flag staff located axial to the entrance and the sanctum. The sanctum is approached through two pillared halls named Mukha Mandapa and Ardha mandapa. The shrine of Loganayagi and other deities are located around the sanctum in the first and second precinct.[4]

Religious Significance

Pancha Kannan Temples
Loganatha Perumal Temple Thirukannangudi
Gajendra Varadha Temple Kabisthalam
Neelamegha Perumal Temple Thirukannapuram
Bhaktavatsala Perumal Temple Thirukannamangai
Ulagalantha Perumal Temple Thirukkovilur

The temple is revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham, the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by Tirumazhisai Alwar in one hymn. The temple is classified as a Divyadesam, one of the 108 Vishnu temples that are mentioned in the book.[5]

This temple is one of the Panchakanna (Krishnaranya) Kshetrams. Kannan refers to Krishna, the avatar of Vishnu, while pancha means five and Kshetrams refers to holy places. Four of the five temples are situated in Chola Nadu, in modern times, in the region surrounding Kumbakonam and Nagapattinam and one of them in Nadu Nadu. There are five similar temples located in North India, called Pancha-dvarakas. Krishna is not the presiding deity in any of the temples. The processional deity, Krishna, led to the derivation of the names of these places.[6]

Festivals and religious practices

The temple priests perform the pooja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. As at other Vishnu temples of Tamil Nadu, the priests belong to the Vaishnavaite community, a Brahmin sub-caste. The temple rituals are performed four times a day: Kalasanthi at 8:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 12:00 p.m., Sayarakshai at 6:00 p.m., and Ardha Jamam at 8:00 p.m. Each ritual has three steps: alangaram (decoration), neivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for both Loganatha Perumal and Loganayagi. During the last step of worship, nagaswaram (pipe instrument) and tavil (percussion instrument) are played, religious instructions in the Vedas (sacred text) are recited by priests, and worshippers prostrate themselves in front of the temple mast. There are weekly, monthly and fortnightly rituals performed in the temple. Thiruneerani Vizha is a festival when the festival idol is smeared with ash, which is usually done only for Shiva.[5][7]

References

  1. ^ 108 Vaishnavite Divya Desams: Divya desams in Pandya Nadu . M. S. Ramesh, Tirumalai-Tirupati Devasthanam.
  2. ^ Ayyar, P. V. Jagadisa (1982). South Indian Shrines: Illustrated. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. p. 535. ISBN 9788120601512.
  3. ^ Tourist Guide to Tamil Nadu. Sura books.
  4. ^ M., Balaganessin (21 July 2016). "Temple renovation under way". Nagapattinam: The Hindu. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Sri Loganatha Perumal Temple". Dinamalar. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  6. ^ T., Padmaja (2002). Temples of Kr̥ṣṇa in South India: history, art, and traditions in Tamil Nadu. New Delhi: Shakti Malik. pp. 93–94. ISBN 81-7017-398-1.
  7. ^ R., Dr. Vijayalakshmy (2001). An introduction to religion and Philosophy - Tévarám and Tivviyappirapantam (1st ed.). Chennai: International Institute of Tamil Studies. pp. 459–61.

External links

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