Loei Province

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Loei

เลย
Loeip.jpg
Flag of Loei
Flag
Official seal of Loei
Seal
Motto(s): 
City of the sea of mountains, coldest place in Siam, with beautiful flowers of three seasons
Map of Thailand highlighting Loei Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Loei Province
Coordinates: 17°29′12″N 101°43′10″E / 17.48667°N 101.71944°E / 17.48667; 101.71944Coordinates: 17°29′12″N 101°43′10″E / 17.48667°N 101.71944°E / 17.48667; 101.71944
Country Thailand
Capital Loei town
Government
 • Governor Khumphon Banthaothuk (since October 2016)
Area
 • Total 11,424.6 km2 (4,411.1 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 14th
Population
(2014)
 • Total 634,513
 • Rank Ranked 40th
 • Density 55.33/km2 (143.3/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 72nd
HDI
 • HDI (2009) 0.731 (42nd)
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Area code(s) 042
ISO 3166 code TH-42
Vehicle registration เลย
Website www.loei.go.th

Loei (Thai: เลย, pronounced [lɤ̄ːj]), in Isan, is one of the most sparsely populated provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from east clockwise) Nong Khai, Udon Thani, Nongbua Lamphu, Khon Kaen, Phetchabun, Phitsanulok. In the north it borders Xaignabouli and Vientiane Province of Laos.

The city of Loei is surrounded by mountain ranges whose summits are covered by fog and abundant with varied flora. The best known mountains in the province are Phu Kradueng, Phu Luang, and Phu Ruea.

Geography

Phra That Si Song Rak in Amphoe Dan Sai

The province is dotted with mountains, such as Phu Kradueng and Phu Ruea, while the seat of provincial government, Loei, is in a fertile basin. The Loei River, which flows through the province, is a tributary of the Mekong, which forms part of the northern boundary of the province with neighboring Laos. Phu Thap Buek, the highest mountain of the Phetchabun Range, is in the province.[1]

The mountain of Phu Kradueng is part of the Phu Kradueng National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติภูกระดึง).[2]

Other national parks include Phu Hin Rong Kla, Phu Ruea (อุทยานแห่งชาติภูเรือ),[3] Phu Pha Man, and Phu Suan Sai (อุทยานแห่งชาติภูสวนทราย) (also known as Na Haeo).[4]

The Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary is in the province.

The western part of the province reaches the southern end of the Luang Prabang Range mountain area of the Thai highlands.[5]

History

According to tradition, Loei was founded by people from Chiang Saen, the capital of Lan Na. Khun Pha Muang founded the village of Dan-kwa, and Bang Klang Hao founded Dan Sai. Drought and disease later led to the villagers move to the site of present-day Loei. In 1907 King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) created Loei Province. The Loei Cultural Centre (ศูนย์วัฒนธรรมจังหวัดเลย) displays Loei's history, religions, and traditions.[6]

Symbols

The seal of the province shows the stupa at Phra That Si Song Rak, which was built in 1560 by King Maha Chakrapat of the Ayutthaya Kingdom and King Chai Chetha of Lan Xang as a symbol of friendship between the two kingdoms.[7] The provincial tree is the Khasi pine (Pinus kesiya).

The provincial slogan is "city of the sea of mountains, coldest place in Siam, with beautiful flowers of three seasons."[8]

Phu Kradueng

Economy

Agriculture drives Loei's economy. Macadamia nuts, passion fruit, and Arabica coffee are grown in the highlands; bananas, sesame, and rubber on the plains. Loei is an ecotourism destination due to its natural environment and amalgam of northern and northeastern cultures.[9]

Wang Saphung District is the site of a large open pit gold mine that employs many locals. The locality has been the site of a long-standing dispute as well as physical conflict between the villagers of Ban Na Nong Bong and its environs and Tungkum Limited, a subsidiary of Tongkah Harbour PCL. Tungkum's gold mining operation has been accused in the courts of environmental destruction.[10]

Na Haeo District
Chiang Khan

Administrative divisions

Map of districts

The province is divided into 14 districts (amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 89 sub-districts (tambons) and 839 villages (mubans).

Transport

Route 201 leads from Chiang Khan in the north on the border with Laos, through Loei, to Non Sa-at near Chum Phae. Route 203 leads west to the vicinity of Phu Ruea, and then turns south to Lom Sak.

Loei is served by Loei Airport.[11]

References

  1. ^ "Ban Thap Boek". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  2. ^ "Phu Kradueng National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP). Archived from the original on 21 January 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  3. ^ "Phu Ruea National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP). Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Phu Suan Sai National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP). Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  5. ^ ดร.กระมล ทองธรรมชาติ และคณะ, สังคมศึกษา ศาสนาและวัฒนธรรม ม.1, สำนักพิมพ์ อักษรเจริญทัศน์ อจท. จำกัด, 2548, หน้า 24-25
  6. ^ "Loei Cultural Center". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  7. ^ "Loei". THAILEX Travel Encyclopedia. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  8. ^ "About Loei". Tourist Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Loei: General Info". Tourist Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  10. ^ Wannasiri, Sutharee; Abbott, Kingsley (2016-06-05). "Struggle against mining violations leaves activists exposed". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  11. ^ "Loei Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 3 February 2013.

External links

  • Loei travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Provincial website[dead link]
  • Local website of Loei (Thai version) : Outloei.com
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