Lloyd George ministry

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Lloyd George ministries
  • 1916–1919
  • 1919–1922
LloydGeorge.jpg
Date formed
  • First: 7 December 1916 (1916-12-07)
  • Second: 10 January 1919 (1919-01-10)[1]
Date dissolved
  • First: 10 January 1919 (1919-01-10)[1]
  • Second: 23 October 1922 (1922-10-23)
People and organisations
Head of state George V
Head of government David Lloyd George
Head of government's history 1916–1922
Total no. of ministers 269 appointments
Member parties
Status in legislature Majority (coalition)
Opposition party Independent Liberal Party
Opposition leaders
History
Election(s) 1918 general election
Legislature term(s)
Outgoing formation Carlton Club meeting
Predecessor Asquith coalition ministry
Successor Law ministry

Liberal David Lloyd George formed a coalition government in the United Kingdom in December 1916, and was appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by King George V. It replaced the earlier wartime coalition under H. H. Asquith, which had been held responsible for losses during the Great War.[3] Those Liberals who continued to support Asquith served as the Official Opposition. The government continued in power after the end of the war in 1918, though Lloyd George was increasingly reliant on the Conservatives for support. After several scandals including allegations of the sale of honours, the Conservatives withdrew their support after a meeting at the Carlton Club in 1922, and Bonar Law formed a government.[3]

Cabinets

War Cabinet, December 1916 – January 1919

The 1916 War Cabinet

Changes

  • May – August 1917 – In temporary absence of Arthur Henderson, George Barnes, Minister of Pensions acts as a member of the War Cabinet.
  • June 1917 – Jan Smuts enters the War Cabinet as a Minister without Portfolio
  • July 1917 – Sir Edward Carson enters the War Cabinet as a Minister without Portfolio
  • August 1917 – George Barnes succeeds Arthur Henderson (resigned) as Minister without Portfolio and Labour Party member of the War Cabinet.
  • January 1918 – Carson resigns and is not replaced
  • April 1918 – Austen Chamberlain succeeds Lord Milner as Minister without Portfolio.
  • January 1919 – Law becomes Lord Privy Seal, remaining Leader of the House of Commons, and is succeeded as Chancellor of the Exchequer by Chamberlain; both remaining in the War Cabinet. Smuts is succeeded by Sir Eric Geddes as Minister without Portfolio.

Peacetime Cabinet, January 1919 – October 1922

Note: The War Cabinet was formally maintained for much of 1919, but as Lloyd George was out of the country for many months this made little difference; in October 1919 a formal Cabinet was reinstated.

Changes

  • May 1919 – Sir Auckland Geddes succeeds Sir Albert Stanley as President of the Board of Trade. Sir Eric Geddes becomes Minister of Transport.
  • October 1919 – Lord Curzon of Kedleston succeeds Balfour as Foreign Secretary. Balfour succeeds Curzon as Lord President. The Local Government Board is abolished. Christopher Addison becomes Minister of Health. The Board of Agriculture is abolished. Lord Lee of Fareham becomes Minister of Agriculture. Sir Eric Geddes becomes Minister of Transport.
  • January 1920 – George Barnes leaves the cabinet.
  • March 1920 – Sir Robert Horne succeeds Sir Auckland Geddes as President of the Board of Trade. Thomas James McNamara succeeds Horne as Minister of Labour.
  • April 1920 – Sir Hamar Greenwood succeeds Ian Macpherson as Chief Secretary for Ireland. Sir Laming Worthington-Evans joins the Cabinet as Minister without Portfolio.
  • February 1921 – Winston Churchill succeeds Lord Milner as Colonial Secretary. Sir Laming Worthington-Evans succeeds Churchill as War Secretary. Lord Lee of Fareham succeeds Walter Long at the Admiralty. Sir Arthur Griffith-Boscawen succeeds Lee as Minister of Agriculture.
  • March 1921 – Austen Chamberlain succeeds Bonar Law as Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the Commons. Sir Robert Horne succeeds Chamberlain at the Exchequer. Stanley Baldwin succeeds Horne at the Board of Trade.
  • April 1921 – Lord French resigns from the cabinet, remaining Lord Lieutenant. Christopher Addison becomes a Minister without Portfolio. Sir Alfred Mond succeeds him as Minister of Health. The Ministry of Munitions is abolished.
  • November 1921 – Sir Eric Geddes resigns from the cabinet. His successor as Minister of Transport is not in the Cabinet. The Attorney General, Sir Gordon Hewart, enters the Cabinet.
  • March 1922 – Lord Peel succeeds Edwin Montagu as India Secretary.
  • April 1922 – The First Commissioner of Works, Lord Crawford, enters the Cabinet.

List of Ministers

Members of the Cabinet are listed in boldface. Members of the War Cabinet, 6 December 1916 to 31 October 1919, are indicated.

Key
  Conservative       Liberal       Labour
Office Name Date Party Notes
Prime Minister
and First Lord of the Treasury
David Lloyd George 6 December 1916 –
19 October 1922
Liberal In the War Cabinet 6 December 1916 – 31 October 1919
Chancellor of the Exchequer Bonar Law 10 December 1916 Conservative Also Leader of the House of Commons; in the War Cabinet since 6 December 1916
Austen Chamberlain 10 January 1919 Conservative Left the War Cabinet 31 October 1919
Sir Robert Horne 1 April 1921 Conservative
Financial Secretaries to the Treasury Sir Hardman Lever 15 December 1916 –
19 May 1919
Liberal
Stanley Baldwin 18 June 1917 –
1 April 1921
Conservative
Hilton Young 21 April 1921 –
19 October 1922
Liberal
Parliamentary Secretaries to the Treasury
and Government Chief Whips in the House of Commons
Lord Edmund Talbot 14 December 1916 –
1 April 1921
Conservative
Neil Primrose 14 December 1916 –
2 March 1917
Liberal
Frederick Guest 2 March 1917 –
1 April 1921
Liberal
Charles McCurdy 1 April 1921 –
19 October 1922
Liberal
Leslie Orme Wilson 1 April 1921 –
19 October 1922
Conservative
Junior Lords of the Treasury James Hope 14 December 1916 –
27 January 1919
Conservative
John Pratt 14 December 1916 –
8 August 1919
Liberal
Stanley Baldwin 29 January 1917 –
18 June 1917
Conservative
James Parker 29 January 1917 –
19 October 1922
Labour
Josiah Towyn Jones 29 January 1917 –
4 July 1922
Liberal
Robert Sanders 5 February 1919 –
1 April 1921
Liberal Created a Baronet 28 January 1920
Sir Godfrey Collins 8 August 1919 –
10 February 1920
Liberal
William Edge 18 August 1919 –
1 August 1922
Liberal
Sir William Sutherland 15 February 1920 –
7 April 1922
Liberal
Sir John Gilmour 1 April 1921 –
19 October 1922
Conservative
Thomas Arthur Lewis 4 July 1922 –
26 July 1922
Liberal
Lord Chancellor The Lord Finlay 10 December 1916 Conservative
The Lord Birkenhead 10 January 1919 Conservative Created Viscount Birkenhead 15 June 1921
Lord President of the Council The Earl Curzon of Kedleston 10 December 1916 Conservative Also Leader of the House of Lords; in the War Cabinet since 6 December 1916
Arthur Balfour 23 October 1919 Conservative
Lord Privy Seal The Earl of Crawford 15 December 1916 Conservative
Bonar Law 10 January 1919 Conservative Also Leader of the House of Commons; left the War Cabinet 31 October 1919
Austen Chamberlain 23 March 1921 Conservative Also Leader of the House of Commons
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Arthur Balfour 10 December 1916 Conservative
The Earl Curzon of Kedleston 23 October 1919 Conservative Also Leader of the House of Lords; left the War Cabinet 31 October 1919; created Marquess Curzon of Kedleston 28 June 1921
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Lord Robert Cecil 10 December 1916 Conservative
Cecil Harmsworth 10 January 1919 Liberal
Assistant Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs The Lord Newton 10 December 1916 Conservative Post abolished 10 January 1919
Secretary of State for the Home Department Sir George Cave 10 December 1916 Conservative Created Viscount Cave 14 November 1918
Edward Shortt 10 January 1919 Liberal
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department William Brace 10 December 1916 Labour
Sir Hamar Greenwood 10 January 1919 Liberal
John Baird 29 April 1919 Conservative Succeeded as 2nd Baronet 21 June 1920
First Lord of the Admiralty Sir Edward Carson 10 December 1916 Conservative
Sir Eric Geddes 17 July 1917 Conservative
Walter Long 10 January 1919 Conservative
The Lord Lee of Fareham 13 February 1921 Conservative
Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty Thomas James Macnamara 10 December 1916 Liberal
Sir James Craig 2 April 1920 Conservative
Leo Amery 1 April 1921 Conservative
Additional Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty The Earl of Lytton 7 February 1917 Conservative Post abolished 27 January 1919
Civil Lord of the Admiralty E. G. Pretyman 14 December 1916 Conservative
The Earl of Lytton 27 January 1919 Conservative
The Earl of Onslow 26 October 1920 Conservative
Bolton Eyres-Monsell 1 April 1921 Conservative
Second Civil Lord of the Admiralty Arthur Pease 10 December 1916 Conservative Post abolished 10 January 1919
President of the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries Rowland Prothero 10 December 1916 Conservative Board replaced with Ministry 15 August 1919
Parliamentary Secretaries to the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries Sir Richard Winfrey 14 December 1916 –
10 January 1919
Liberal
The Duke of Marlborough 18 February 1917 –
21 March 1918
Conservative
The Viscount Goschen 26 March 1918 –
18 June 1918
Conservative
The Lord Clinton 18 June 1918 –
10 January 1919
Conservative
Sir Arthur Griffith-Boscawen 10 January 1919 Conservative Board replaced with Ministry 15 August 1919
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries The Lord Lee of Fareham 15 August 1919 Conservative
Sir Arthur Griffith-Boscawen 13 February 1921 Conservative
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Sir Arthur Griffith-Boscawen 15 August 1919 Conservative Also Deputy Minister of Fisheries from 18 November 1919
vacant 13 February 1921  
The Earl of Onslow 5 April 1921 Conservative
The Earl of Ancaster 7 April 1921 Conservative Also Deputy Minister of Fisheries from 28 October 1921
President of the Air Board The Viscount Cowdray 3 January 1917 Liberal Air Board replaced with Air Council 26 November 1917
Parliamentary Secretary to the Air Board John Baird 14 December 1916 Conservative Air Board replaced with Air Council 26 November 1917
President of the Air Council The Lord Rothermere 26 November 1917 Liberal
The Lord Weir 26 April 1918 Liberal Post abolished 10 January 1919
Parliamentary Secretary to the Air Council John Baird 26 November 1917 Conservative Post abolished 10 January 1919
Secretary of State for Air Winston Churchill 10 January 1919 Liberal
Frederick Guest 1 April 1921 Liberal
Under-Secretary of State for Air J. E. B. Seely 10 January 1919 Liberal
George Tryon 22 December 1919 Conservative
The Marquess of Londonderry 2 April 1920 Conservative
The Lord Gorell 18 July 1921 Liberal
Minister of Blockade Lord Robert Cecil 10 December 1916 Conservative
Sir Laming Worthington-Evans 18 July 1918 Conservative Office abolished 10 July 1919
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Blockade Frederick Leverton Harris 22 December 1916 Conservative Office abolished 10 January 1919
Secretary of State for the Colonies Walter Long 10 December 1916 Conservative
The Viscount Milner 10 January 1919 Conservative
Winston Churchill 13 February 1921 Liberal
Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies Arthur Steel-Maitland 10 December 1916 Conservative Created a Baronet 13 July 1917
William Hewins 26 September 1917 Conservative
Leo Amery 10 January 1919 Conservative
E. F. L. Wood 1 April 1921 Conservative
President of the Board of Education Herbert Fisher 10 December 1916 Liberal
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education Herbert Lewis 10 December 1916 Liberal Knighted in 1922
Minister of Food Control The Lord Devonport 10 December 1916 Liberal
The Lord Rhondda 19 June 1917 Liberal Created Viscount Rhondda 19 June 1918
J. R. Clynes 9 July 1918 Labour
George Roberts 10 January 1919 Labour
Charles McCurdy 19 March 1920 Liberal Office abolished 31 March 1921
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Food Control Charles Bathurst 12 December 1916 Conservative Knighted in 1917
J. R. Clynes 2 July 1917 Labour
Waldorf Astor 18 July 1918 Conservative
Charles McCurdy 27 January 1919 Liberal
Sir William Mitchell-Thomson 19 April 1920 Conservative Office abolished 31 March 1921
President of the Local Government Board The Lord Rhondda 10 December 1916 Liberal
William Fisher 28 June 1917 Conservative
Sir Auckland Geddes 4 November 1918 Conservative
Christopher Addison 10 January 1919 Liberal Board became Ministry of Health 24 June 1919
Parliamentary Secretary to the Local Government Board William Hayes Fisher 10 December 1916 Conservative
Stephen Walsh 28 June 1917 Labour
Waldorf Astor 27 January 1919 Conservative Board became Ministry of Health 24 June 1919
Minister of Health Christopher Addison 24 June 1919 Liberal
Sir Alfred Mond 1 April 1921 Liberal
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health Waldorf Astor 24 June 1919 Conservative Succeeded as 2nd Viscount Astor 18 October 1919
The Earl of Onslow 7 April 1921 Conservative
Secretary of State for India Austen Chamberlain 10 December 1916 Conservative
Edwin Samuel Montagu 17 July 1917 Liberal
The Viscount Peel 19 March 1922 Conservative
Under-Secretary of State for India The Lord Islington 10 December 1916 Liberal
The Lord Sinha 10 January 1919 Liberal
The Earl of Lytton 22 September 1920 Conservative
The Earl Winterton 20 March 1922 Conservative
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland The Viscount French of Ypres 6 May 1918 –
2 May 1921
Entered the Cabinet 28 October 1918; left the Cabinet 2 April 1921
Chief Secretary for Ireland Henry Duke 10 December 1916 Conservative Knighted in 1918
Edward Shortt 5 May 1918 Liberal
Ian Macpherson 10 January 1919 Liberal
Sir Hamar Greenwood 2 April 1920 Liberal
Vice-President of the Department of Agriculture for Ireland Thomas Wallace Russell 10 December 1916 Liberal Created a Baronet 20 June 1917
Hugh T. Barrie 15 January 1919 Conservative
Minister of Labour John Hodge 10 December 1916 Labour
George Roberts 17 August 1917 Labour
Sir Robert Horne 10 January 1919 Conservative
Thomas James Macnamara 19 March 1920 Liberal
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Labour William Bridgeman 22 December 1916 Conservative
George James Wardle 10 January 1919 Labour
Sir Anderson Montague-Barlow 2 April 1920 Conservative
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Sir Frederick Cawley 10 December 1916 Liberal
The Lord Beaverbrook 10 February 1918 Conservative
William Hayes Fisher 4 November 1918 Conservative Created Baron Downham 16 November 1918
The Earl of Crawford 10 January 1919 Conservative
The Viscount Peel 1 April 1921 Conservative
Sir William Sutherland 7 April 1922 Liberal
Minister of Information The Lord Beaverbrook 10 February 1918 Conservative
William Hayes Fisher 4 November 1918 Conservative Created Baron Downham 16 November 1918; office abolished 10 January 1919
Minister of Munitions Christopher Addison 10 December 1916 Liberal
Winston Churchill 17 July 1917 Liberal
The Lord Inverforth 10 January 1919 Conservative Office abolished 21 March 1921
Parliamentary Secretaries to the Ministry of Munitions Sir Laming Worthington-Evans 14 December 1916 –
30 January 1918
Conservative
F. G. Kellaway 14 December 1916 –
1 April 1920
Liberal
J. E. B. Seely 10 July 1918 –
10 January 1919
Liberal
John Baird 10 January 1919 –
29 April 1919
Liberal
Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Ministry of Munitions Sir Laming Worthington-Evans 30 January 1918 –
18 July 1918
Conservative
James Hope 27 January 1919 –
31 March 1921
Conservative
Minister of National Service Neville Chamberlain 15 December 1916 Conservative
Sir Auckland Geddes 17 August 1917 Conservative Post abolished 19 December 1919
Parliamentary Secretaries to the Ministry of National Service Stephen Walsh 17 March 1917 –
28 June 1917
Labour
Cecil Beck 28 June 1917 –
19 December 1919
Liberal
The Viscount Peel 15 April 1918 –
10 January 1919
Conservative
Paymaster-General Sir Joseph Compton-Rickett 15 December 1916 Liberal
Sir Tudor Walters 26 October 1919 Liberal
Minister of Pensions George Nicoll Barnes 10 December 1916 Labour In the War Cabinet 29 May 1917 – 3 August 1917
John Hodge 17 August 1917 Labour
Sir Laming Worthington-Evans 10 January 1919 Conservative
Ian Macpherson 2 April 1920 Liberal
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Pensions Sir Arthur Griffith-Boscawen 22 December 1916 Conservative
Sir James Craig 10 January 1919 Conservative
George Tryon 2 April 1920 Conservative
Postmaster General Albert Illingworth 10 December 1916 Liberal
F. G. Kellaway 1 April 1921 Liberal
Assistant Postmaster General Herbert Pease 10 December 1916 Conservative
Minister without Portfolio Arthur Henderson 10 December 1916 –
12 August 1917
Labour In the War Cabinet 10 December 1916 – 12 August 1917
The Viscount Milner 10 December 1916 –
18 April 1918
Conservative In the War Cabinet 10 December 1916 – 18 April 1918
Jan Smuts 22 June 1917 –
10 January 1919
In the War Cabinet 22 June 1917 – 10 January 1919
Sir Edward Carson 17 July 1917 –
21 January 1918
Conservative
George Nicoll Barnes 13 August 1917 –
27 January 1920
Labour In the War Cabinet 13 August 1917 – 10 January 1919
Austen Chamberlain 18 April 1918 –
10 January 1919
Conservative Entered the War Cabinet 18 April 1918
Sir Eric Geddes 10 January 1919 –
19 May 1919
Conservative In the War Cabinet 10 January 1919 – 31 October 1919
Sir Laming Worthington-Evans 10 January 1919 –
13 February 1921
Conservative
Christopher Addison 1 April 1921 –
14 July 1921
Liberal
Minister of Reconstruction Christopher Addison 17 July 1917 Liberal
Sir Auckland Geddes 10 January 1919 Conservative Office abolished 19 December 1919
Secretary for Scotland Robert Munro 10 December 1916 Liberal
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health for Scotland John Pratt 8 August 1919 Liberal Knighted 1922
Minister of Shipping Sir Joseph Maclay 10 December 1916 Liberal Office abolished 31 March 1921
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Shipping Sir Leo Chiozza Money 22 December 1916 Liberal
Leslie Orme Wilson 10 January 1919 Conservative
Minister of Supply The Lord Inverforth 10 January 1919 Conservative Office abolished 31 March 1921
President of the Board of Trade Sir Albert Stanley 10 December 1916 Conservative
Sir Auckland Geddes 26 May 1919 Conservative
Sir Robert Horne 19 March 1920 Conservative
Stanley Baldwin 1 April 1921 Conservative
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade George Roberts 14 December 1916 Labour
George Wardle 17 August 1917 Labour
William Bridgeman 10 January 1919 Conservative
Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame 22 August 1920 Conservative
Sir William Mitchell-Thomson 1 April 1921 Conservative
Secretary for Overseas Trade Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland 14 September 1917 Conservative
Sir Hamar Greenwood 29 April 1919 Liberal
F. G. Kellaway 2 April 1920 Liberal
Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame 1 April 1921 Conservative
Parliamentary Secretary for Mines William Bridgeman 22 August 1920 Conservative
Minister of Transport Sir Eric Geddes 19 May 1919 Conservative
The Viscount Peel 7 November 1921 Conservative
The Earl of Crawford 12 April 1922 Conservative
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Transport Sir Rhys Williams 23 September 1919 Liberal
Arthur Neal 28 November 1919 Liberal
Secretary of State for War The Earl of Derby 10 December 1916 Conservative
The Viscount Milner 18 April 1918 Conservative
Winston Churchill 10 January 1919 Liberal
Sir Laming Worthington-Evans 13 February 1921 Conservative
Under-Secretary of State for War Ian Macpherson 14 December 1916 Liberal
Viscount Peel 10 January 1919 Conservative
Sir Robert Sanders 1 April 1921 Conservative
Financial Secretary to the War Office Henry Forster 10 December 1916 Conservative Created Baron Forster 12 December 1919
Sir Archibald Williamson 18 December 1919 Liberal
George Frederick Stanley 1 April 1921 Conservative
Parliamentary Secretary to the War Office The Earl Stanhope 14 December 1916 Conservative Post abolished 10 January 1919
First Commissioner of Works Sir Alfred Mond 10 December 1916 Liberal
The Earl of Crawford 1 April 1921 Conservative Entered the Cabinet 7 April 1922
Attorney General Sir F. E. Smith 10 December 1916 Conservative
Sir Gordon Hewart 10 January 1919 Liberal Entered the Cabinet 7 November 1921
Sir Ernest Pollock 6 March 1922 Conservative
Solicitor General Sir Gordon Hewart 10 December 1916 Liberal
Sir Ernest Pollock 10 January 1919 Conservative
Leslie Scott 6 March 1922 Conservative Knighted in 1922
Lord Advocate James Clyde 10 December 1916 Conservative
Thomas Morison 25 March 1920 Liberal
Charles David Murray 5 March 1922 Conservative
Solicitor General for Scotland Thomas Morison 10 December 1916 Liberal
Charles David Murray 25 March 1920 Conservative
Andrew Briggs Constable 16 March 1922 Conservative
William Watson 24 July 1922 Conservative
Lord Chancellor of Ireland Sir John O'Brien 10 December 1916 Liberal
Sir James Campbell 4 June 1918 Conservative
Sir John Ross 27 June 1921 Conservative
Attorney General for Ireland James O'Connor 8 January 1917
Arthur Samuels 7 April 1918 Conservative
Denis Henry 6 July 1919 Conservative
Thomas Brown 5 August 1921 Conservative
vacant 16 August 1921  
Solicitor General for Ireland James Chambers 19 March 1917 Conservative
Arthur Samuels 12 September 1917 Conservative
John Powell 7 April 1918 Conservative
Denis Henry 27 November 1918 Conservative
David Wilson 6 July 1919 Conservative
Thomas Brown 12 June 1921 Conservative
vacant 5 August 1921  
Lord Steward of the Household The Lord Farquhar 14 December 1916 Conservative Created Viscount Farquhar 21 June 1917
Lord Chamberlain of the Household The Lord Sandhurst 14 December 1916 Liberal Created Viscount Sandhurst 1 January 1917
The Duke of Atholl 20 November 1921 Conservative
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household Cecil Beck 14 December 1916 Liberal
William Dudley Ward 9 December 1917 Liberal
Master of the Horse The Earl of Chesterfield 14 December 1916 Liberal
Treasurer of the Household James Craig 14 December 1916 Conservative Created a Baronet 5 February 1918
vacant 22 January 1918  
Robert Sanders 11 June 1918 Conservative
Bolton Eyres-Monsell 5 February 1919 Conservative
George Gibbs 1 April 1921 Conservative
Comptroller of the Household Sir Edwin Cornwall 14 December 1916 Liberal
George Frederick Stanley 28 February 1919 Conservative
Harry Barnston 7 April 1921 Conservative
Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms The Lord Colebrooke 14 December 1916 Liberal Also Joint Government Chief Whip in the House of Lords
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard The Lord Suffield 14 December 1916 Conservative
The Lord Hylton 21 May 1918 Conservative Also Joint Government Chief Whip in the House of Lords
Lords in Waiting The Lord Herschell 14 December 1916 –
11 February 1919
Liberal
The Lord Stanmore 14 December 1916 –
19 October 1922
Liberal
The Lord Ranksborough 14 December 1916 –
4 April 1921
Liberal
The Viscount Valentia 14 December 1916 –
19 October 1922
Conservative
The Lord Hylton 14 December 1916 –
18 May 1918
Conservative Also Joint Government Chief Whip in the House of Lords
The Lord Somerleyton 18 May 1918 –
19 October 1922
Conservative
The Earl of Jersey 11 January 1919 –
17 August 1919
Conservative
The Earl of Bradford 11 February 1919 –
19 October 1922
Conservative
The Earl of Onslow 17 August 1919 –
21 November 1920
Conservative
The Earl of Lucan 12 November 1920 –
19 October 1922
Conservative
The Earl of Clarendon 4 April 1921 –
19 October 1922
Conservative

References

  1. ^ a b Bayliss, Gwyn M. (1 October 1987). The Occupation of the Rhineland, 1918–1929 (facsimile ed.). London: Her Majesty's Stationary Office. 
  2. ^ "A Classification of the Members of Parliament Elected in 1918". Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research. 47 (116): 83. November 1974. 
  3. ^ a b Gilbert, Bentley (1992). David Lloyd George: A Political Life: Organizer of Victory, 1912–1916. Ohio State University Press. 

Further reading

  • Burk. K. M. ed. War and the State: The Transformation of British Government 1914–1918 (1982).
  • Burk. K. M. Britain, America and the Sinews of War 1914–1918 (1985).
  • Butler, David, and G. Butler, Twentieth Century British Political Facts (Macmillan, 2000).
  • Cassar, George H. Lloyd George at War, 1916–1918 (2009) full text online at JSTOR; excerpts
  • French, David. The Strategy of the Lloyd George Coalition, 1916–1918 (1995) online
  • Fry, Michael. "Political Change in Britain, August 1914 to December 1916: Lloyd George Replaces Asquith: The Issues Underlying the Drama." Historical Journal 31.03 (1988): 609–627.
  • Gardner, Lloyd C. Safe for Democracy: The Anglo-American Response to Revolution, 1913-1923 (1987) diplomatic history
  • Grieves, Keith. The politics of manpower, 1914–18 (Manchester UP, 1988).
  • Grigg, John. Lloyd George: From Peace to War 1912–1916 (1985)
  • Grigg, John. Lloyd George: War Leader 1916–1918 (2002).
  • Keohane, Nigel. The party of patriotism: the Conservative Party and the First World War (Routledge, 2016).
  • McEwen, John M. "The Struggle for Mastery in Britain: Lloyd George versus Asquith, December 1916." Journal of British Studies 18#1 (1978): 131–156.
  • Morgan, Kenneth O. Consensus and disunity: the Lloyd George coalition government, 1918–1922 (1979)
  • Morgan, Kenneth O. "George, David Lloyd, first Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor (1863–1945)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2011 accessed 11 Feb 2017 doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34570
  • Paxman, Jeremy. Great Britain's Great War (2013), based on TV series.
  • Simmonds, Alan G.V. Britain and World War One (Routledge, 2013).
  • Somervell, D.C. The Reign of King George V, (1936) pp 161–306. online free
  • Taylor, A.J.P. English History: 1914–1945 (1965), pp 66–128
  • Wrigley, Chris. Lloyd George and the Challenge of Labour: The Post-War Coalition 1918–1922 (1990).

Primary sources

  • Lloyd George, David. War Memoirs (6 vols. 1933–36).
    • Egerton, George W. "The Lloyd George" War Memoirs": A Study in the Politics of Memory." Journal of Modern History 60#1 (1988): 55–94. in JSTOR
  • Stubbs, John O. "Beaverbrook As Historian: 'Politicians and the War, 1914–1916' Reconsidered." Albion 14#3 (1982): 235–253.
Preceded by
Asquith coalition ministry
Government of the United Kingdom
1916–1922
Succeeded by
Law ministry
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