Llechryd

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Llechryd
Llechryd Bridge River Reifi Castell Malgwyn.jpg
Llechryd Bridge over the River Teifi and the entrance to Castell Malgwyn.
Llechryd is located in Ceredigion
Llechryd
Llechryd
Llechryd shown within Ceredigion
OS grid reference SN217438
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CARDIGAN
Postcode district SA43
Dialling code 01239
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Ceredigion
52°04′N 4°36′W / 52.06°N 4.60°W / 52.06; -4.60Coordinates: 52°04′N 4°36′W / 52.06°N 4.60°W / 52.06; -4.60

Llechryd (Welsh pronunciation: [ɬɛxrɪd]) is a linear village on the A484 road approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) from Cardigan, in Ceredigion, Wales. It is part of the Community of Llangoedmor.

Etymology

The name Llechryd derives from the Welsh for "Slate Ford" ("Llech + Rhyd").

Situation

Llechryd is the first point on the river Teifi to the east of Cardigan where crossing is possible. The village is approximately two miles long. Within it, and nearby, are situated businesses, recreational facilities, a school, and religious buildings. St Tydfil's church was built in 1854 to replace the older Church of the Holy Cross near the bridge which had to be abandoned due to persistent flooding. Another notable church nearby is Manordeifi Old Church, near the far end of the "canal" road. It is preserved as it was in the early 19th century.

The canal was not a transport canal, rather a leat supplying water to the tinworks which stood behind the Castell Malgwyn stable block on the southern bank of the river Teifi. This leat collected water from the River Teifi just to the north of Manordeifi Church, as seen on the 1842 Manordeifi Tithe map.[1] A weir is still evident in the Teifi at this spot. In March 2006, staff from the Survey Branch of RCAHMW carried out survey and analysis of the Castell Malgwyn Tinplate works.[2]

The river Teifi is tidal and was navigable by lighters as far as Llechryd until the 1840s, when careless working of the slate quarries resulted in severe choking of the Cilgerran Gorge, causing the flooding for which the area is now known and moving the navigable (in all but the smallest boats/canoes) tidal limit downstream of Cilgerran Castle. In his book from 1867, The History of Cilgerran, John Roland Phillips wrote:

"Under the castle, and at the influx of the Brook Plysgog into the Teivi, a great quantity of rubbish and débris seems to have been swept away by floods from quarries on the river's banks, and having settled in the current near to what was formerly a green island, has raised the bed of the river and rendered the navigation thereof during dry seasons, and at low water, rather difficult."[3]

Most of the village has been built along the A484 going down into the valley, although some estates branch off the road.

There is a, now disused, mill and associated buildings on the Nant Arberth. These buildings are now residential properties. Much closer to the Teifi, but still on the Nant Arberth below Glanarberth, are the remains of a much older mill's infrastructure. The remains of the dam are still in situ. At least three, 2 foot thick, walls sandwiching 2 foot thick clay infill. The leat that this feeds is some 200m long and is situated to the West of the Nant Arberth. About half of the leat is still visible. The mill itself was situated closer to the A484, approximately where the house Glannau is now; the mill building can be seen in a photograph taken from the West side of the bridge, dated circa 1868. The outfall from the mill crossed beneath the A484 parallel to the Nant Arberth, then fed into it, prior to entering the Teifi. The position of the dam, the leat, and the mill can be seen on the 1841 Llechryd Tithe map.[4]

Due to the village's closeness to the port of Cardigan, many large houses were built nearby by wealthy merchants and sea captains. These include Cilbronnau, Noyadd Wilym, Coedmore, Glanolmarch, Pengraig, Castell Malgwyn, Glanarberth, Manor Eifed, Penylan, Llwynduris, Blaen-Pant, and Stradmore.

History

Afon Teifi at Llechryd c1885

A battle was fought in or near the town in 1087 between Rhys ab Twdwr and the sons of Bleddin ab Cynfyn. In 1844, during the Rebecca Riots, the weir across the river which had prevented salmon from going upstream was demolished by rioters.[5]

Llechryd Bridge

The River Teifi is crossed at Llechryd by a grade II* listed bridge built in the 17th century which was damaged in 2005 by a large flood. The bridge, part of an ancient drovers' road, can be wholly submerged by the river at times of high flood, and inhabitants wishing to cross the river have to go via Cardigan or Cenarth. A bridge at Llechryd is marked on Christopher Saxton's map of 'Radnor, Brecknok, Cardigan et Caermarden' of 1579, on which the Village is marked as 'Capel Langbrid'.

Teifi Trout Association

The Teifi Trout Association (TTA) owns the trout fishing rights from the eastern side of the bridge upwards,[6] although some plots of land by the river are privately owned.

References

  1. ^ "Manordeifi Tithe Map 1842". Retrieved 19 October 2017. 
  2. ^ "Castell Malgwyn Tinplate Works" (PDF). Retrieved 19 October 2017. 
  3. ^ John Roland Phillips (1867). The History of Cilgerran. Russell Smith. p. 13. Retrieved 19 October 2017. 
  4. ^ "Llechryd Tithe Map 1841". Retrieved 19 October 2017. 
  5. ^ "Llechryd Cardiganshire". University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "TTA maps". 

External links

  • Llechryd Cricket and Tennis Club
  • Photos of Llechryd and surrounding area on Geograph
  • Further historical information on GENUKI
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