Living Prime Ministers of New Zealand

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Living as of 13 October 2018
Prime Minister Date of birth Tenure
Jim Bolger (1935-05-31) 31 May 1935 (age 83) 1990–1997
Geoffrey Palmer (1942-04-21) 21 April 1942 (age 76) 1989–1990
Mike Moore (1949-01-28) 28 January 1949 (age 69) 1990
Helen Clark (1950-02-26) 26 February 1950 (age 68) 1999–2008
Jenny Shipley (1952-02-04) 4 February 1952 (age 66) 1997–1999
John Key (1961-08-09) 9 August 1961 (age 57) 2008–2016
Bill English (1961-12-30) 30 December 1961 (age 56) 2016–2017
Jacinda Ardern (1980-07-26) 26 July 1980 (age 38) 2017–

This is a chronological list of all the living people who have served as Prime Minister of New Zealand at each moment in New Zealand history.

There have been four time periods when there was only one living Prime Minister, first with the appointment of Henry Sewell in 1856 and most recently during the second term of Keith Holyoake following the 1968 death of Walter Nash.

There have been two time periods when 12 living current or former prime ministers co-existed, with the longest being a three-year period beginning with the first appointment of Robert Stout in 1884. The most recent period was from the January 1891 appointment of John Ballance to the July 1891 death of Frederick Weld.

If one includes future Prime Ministers as well as past and current Prime Ministers, there has been only one time period when 24 different Prime Ministers co-existed. (See § Statistics, below.)



Timeline of living prime ministers

Number of prime ministers alive at each moment in New Zealand history
Start date End date Start event Duration End event Living prime ministers
7 May 1856 20 May 1856 Appointment of Henry Sewell 13 days Appointment of William Fox 1 Henry Sewell
20 May 1856 2 June 1856 Appointment of William Fox 13 days Appointment of Edward Stafford 2 Henry Sewell
William Fox
2 June 1856 6 August 1862 Appointment of Edward Stafford 6 years, 65 days Appointment of Alfred Domett 3 Henry Sewell
William Fox
Edward Stafford
6 August 1862 30 October 1863 Appointment of Alfred Domett 1 year, 85 days Appointment of Frederick Whitaker 4 Henry Sewell
William Fox
Edward Stafford
Alfred Domett
30 October 1863 24 November 1864 Appointment of Frederick Whitaker 1 year, 25 days Appointment of Frederick Weld 5 Henry Sewell
William Fox
Edward Stafford
Alfred Domett
Frederick Whitaker
24 November 1864 11 October 1872 Appointment of Frederick Weld 7 years, 322 days Appointment of George Waterhouse 6 Henry Sewell
William Fox
Edward Stafford
Alfred Domett
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
11 October 1872 8 April 1873 Appointment of George Waterhouse 179 days Appointment of Julius Vogel 7 Henry Sewell
William Fox
Edward Stafford
Alfred Domett
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
George Waterhouse
8 April 1873 6 July 1875 Appointment of Julius Vogel 2 years, 89 days Appointment of Daniel Pollen 8 Henry Sewell
William Fox
Edward Stafford
Alfred Domett
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
6 July 1875 1 September 1876 Appointment of Daniel Pollen 1 year, 57 days Appointment of Harry Atkinson 9 Henry Sewell
William Fox
Edward Stafford
Alfred Domett
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
1 September 1876 13 October 1877 Appointment of Harry Atkinson 1 year, 42 days Appointment of George Grey 10 Henry Sewell
William Fox
Edward Stafford
Alfred Domett
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
Harry Atkinson
13 October 1877 14 May 1879 Appointment of George Grey 1 year, 213 days Death of Henry Sewell 11 Henry Sewell
William Fox
Edward Stafford
Alfred Domett
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
Harry Atkinson
George Grey
14 May 1879 8 October 1879 Death of Henry Sewell 147 days Appointment of John Hall 10 William Fox
Edward Stafford
Alfred Domett
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
Harry Atkinson
George Grey
8 October 1879 16 August 1884 Appointment of John Hall 4 years, 313 days Appointment of Robert Stout 11 William Fox
Edward Stafford
Alfred Domett
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
Harry Atkinson
George Grey
John Hall
16 August 1884 2 November 1887 Appointment of Robert Stout 3 years, 78 days Death of Alfred Domett 12 William Fox
Edward Stafford
Alfred Domett
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
Harry Atkinson
George Grey
John Hall
Robert Stout
2 November 1887 24 January 1891 Death of Alfred Domett 3 years, 83 days Appointment of John Ballance 11 William Fox
Edward Stafford
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
Harry Atkinson
George Grey
John Hall
Robert Stout
24 January 1891 20 July 1891 Appointment of John Ballance 177 days Death of Frederick Weld 12 William Fox
Edward Stafford
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
Harry Atkinson
George Grey
John Hall
Robert Stout
John Ballance
20 July 1891 4 December 1891 Death of Frederick Weld 137 days Death of Frederick Whitaker 11 William Fox
Edward Stafford
Frederick Whitaker
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
Harry Atkinson
George Grey
John Hall
Robert Stout
John Ballance
4 December 1891 28 June 1892 Death of Frederick Whitaker 207 days Death of Harry Atkinson 10 William Fox
Edward Stafford
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
Harry Atkinson
George Grey
John Hall
Robert Stout
John Ballance
28 June 1892 27 April 1893 Death of Harry Atkinson 303 days Death of John Ballance 9 William Fox
Edward Stafford
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
George Grey
John Hall
Robert Stout
John Ballance
27 April 1893 23 June 1893 Appointment of Richard Seddon 57 days Death of William Fox 9 William Fox
Edward Stafford
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
George Grey
John Hall
Robert Stout
Richard Seddon
23 June 1893 18 May 1896 Death of William Fox 2 years, 330 days Death of Daniel Pollen 8 Edward Stafford
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
George Grey
John Hall
Robert Stout
Richard Seddon
18 May 1896 19 September 1898 Death of Daniel Pollen 2 years, 124 days Death of George Grey 7 Edward Stafford
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
George Grey
John Hall
Robert Stout
Richard Seddon
19 September 1898 12 March 1899 Death of George Grey 174 days Death of Julius Vogel 6 Edward Stafford
George Waterhouse
Julius Vogel
John Hall
Robert Stout
Richard Seddon
12 March 1899 14 February 1901 Death of Julius Vogel 1 year, 339 days Death of Edward Stafford 5 Edward Stafford
George Waterhouse
John Hall
Robert Stout
Richard Seddon
14 February 1901 10 June 1906 Death of Edward Stafford 5 years, 116 days Death of Richard Seddon 4 George Waterhouse
John Hall
Robert Stout
Richard Seddon
10 June 1906 6 August 1906 Appointment of William Hall-Jones 57 days Appointment of Joseph Ward 4 George Waterhouse
John Hall
Robert Stout
William Hall-Jones
6 August 1906 6 August 1906 Appointment of Joseph Ward 0 days Death of George Waterhouse 5 George Waterhouse
John Hall
Robert Stout
William Hall-Jones
Joseph Ward
6 August 1906 25 June 1907 Death of George Waterhouse 323 days Death of John Hall 4 John Hall
Robert Stout
William Hall-Jones
Joseph Ward
25 June 1907 28 March 1912 Death of John Hall 4 years, 277 days Appointment of Thomas Mackenzie 3 Robert Stout
William Hall-Jones
Joseph Ward
28 March 1912 10 July 1912 Appointment of Thomas Mackenzie 104 days Appointment of William Massey 4 Robert Stout
William Hall-Jones
Joseph Ward
Thomas Mackenzie
10 July 1912 10 May 1925 Appointment of William Massey 12 years, 304 days Death of William Massey 5 Robert Stout
William Hall-Jones
Joseph Ward
Thomas Mackenzie
William Massey
10 May 1925 30 May 1925 Appointment of Francis Bell 20 days Appointment of Gordon Coates 5 Robert Stout
William Hall-Jones
Joseph Ward
Thomas Mackenzie
Francis Bell
30 May 1925 14 February 1930 Appointment of Gordon Coates 4 years, 260 days Death of Thomas Mackenzie 6 Robert Stout
William Hall-Jones
Joseph Ward
Thomas Mackenzie
Francis Bell
Gordon Coates
14 February 1930 28 May 1930 Death of Thomas Mackenzie 103 days Appointment of George Forbes 5 Robert Stout
William Hall-Jones
Joseph Ward
Francis Bell
Gordon Coates
28 May 1930 8 July 1930 Appointment of George Forbes 41 days Death of Joseph Ward 6 Robert Stout
William Hall-Jones
Joseph Ward
Francis Bell
Gordon Coates
George Forbes
8 July 1930 19 July 1930 Death of Joseph Ward 11 days Death of Robert Stout 5 Robert Stout
William Hall-Jones
Francis Bell
Gordon Coates
George Forbes
19 July 1930 6 December 1935 Death of Robert Stout 5 years, 140 days Appointment of Michael Joseph Savage 4 William Hall-Jones
Francis Bell
Gordon Coates
George Forbes
6 December 1935 13 March 1936 Appointment of Michael Joseph Savage 98 days Death of Francis Bell 5 William Hall-Jones
Francis Bell
Gordon Coates
George Forbes
Michael Joseph Savage
13 March 1936 19 June 1936 Death of Francis Bell 98 days Death of William Hall-Jones 4 William Hall-Jones
Gordon Coates
George Forbes
Michael Joseph Savage
19 June 1936 27 March 1940 Death of William Hall-Jones 3 years, 282 days Death of Michael Joseph Savage 3 Gordon Coates
George Forbes
Michael Joseph Savage
27 March 1940 27 May 1943 Appointment of Peter Fraser 3 years, 61 days Death of Gordon Coates 3 Gordon Coates
George Forbes
Peter Fraser
27 May 1943 17 May 1947 Death of Gordon Coates 3 years, 355 days Death of George Forbes 2 George Forbes
Peter Fraser
17 May 1947 13 December 1949 Death of George Forbes 2 years, 210 days Appointment of Sidney Holland 1 Peter Fraser
12 December 1949 12 December 1950 Appointment of Sidney Holland 364 days Death of Peter Fraser 2 Peter Fraser
Sidney Holland
12 December 1950 20 September 1957 Death of Peter Fraser 6 years, 282 days Appointment of Keith Holyoake 1 Sidney Holland
20 September 1957 12 December 1957 Appointment of Keith Holyoake 83 days Appointment of Walter Nash 2 Sidney Holland
Keith Holyoake
12 December 1957 5 August 1961 Appointment of Walter Nash 3 years, 236 days Death of Sidney Holland 3 Sidney Holland
Keith Holyoake
Walter Nash
5 August 1961 4 June 1968 Death of Sidney Holland 6 years, 304 days Death of Walter Nash 2 Keith Holyoake
Walter Nash
4 June 1968 7 February 1972 Death of Walter Nash 3 years, 248 days Appointment of Jack Marshall 1 Keith Holyoake
7 February 1972 8 December 1972 Appointment of Jack Marshall 305 days Appointment of Norman Kirk 2 Keith Holyoake
Jack Marshall
8 December 1972 31 August 1974 Appointment of Norman Kirk 1 year, 266 days Death of Norman Kirk 3 Keith Holyoake
Jack Marshall
Norman Kirk
6 September 1974 12 December 1975 Appointment of Bill Rowling 1 year, 97 days Appointment of Robert Muldoon 3 Keith Holyoake
Jack Marshall
Bill Rowling
12 December 1975 8 December 1983 Appointment of Robert Muldoon 7 years, 361 days Death of Keith Holyoake 4 Keith Holyoake
Jack Marshall
Bill Rowling
Robert Muldoon
8 December 1983 26 July 1984 Death of Keith Holyoake 231 days Appointment of David Lange 3 Jack Marshall
Bill Rowling
Robert Muldoon
26 July 1984 30 August 1988 Appointment of David Lange 4 years, 35 days Death of Jack Marshall 4 Jack Marshall
Bill Rowling
Robert Muldoon
David Lange
30 August 1988 8 August 1989 Death of Jack Marshall 343 days Appointment of Geoffrey Palmer 3 Bill Rowling
Robert Muldoon
David Lange
8 August 1989 4 September 1990 Appointment of Geoffrey Palmer 1 year, 27 days Appointment of Mike Moore 4 Bill Rowling
Robert Muldoon
David Lange
Geoffrey Palmer
4 September 1990 2 November 1990 Appointment of Mike Moore 59 days Appointment of Jim Bolger 5 Bill Rowling
Robert Muldoon
David Lange
Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
2 November 1990 5 August 1992 Appointment of Jim Bolger 1 year, 277 days Death of Robert Muldoon 6 Bill Rowling
Robert Muldoon
David Lange
Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
Jim Bolger
5 August 1992 31 October 1995 Death of Robert Muldoon 3 years, 87 days Death of Bill Rowling 5 Bill Rowling
David Lange
Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
Jim Bolger
31 October 1995 8 December 1997 Death of Bill Rowling 2 years, 38 days Appointment of Jenny Shipley 4 David Lange
Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
Jim Bolger
8 December 1997 5 December 1999 Appointment of Jenny Shipley 1 year, 362 days Appointment of Helen Clark 5 David Lange
Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
Jim Bolger
Jenny Shipley
5 December 1999 13 August 2005 Appointment of Helen Clark 5 years, 251 days Death of David Lange 6 David Lange
Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
Jim Bolger
Jenny Shipley
Helen Clark
13 August 2005 19 November 2008 Death of David Lange 3 years, 98 days Appointment of John Key 5 Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
Jim Bolger
Jenny Shipley
Helen Clark
19 November 2008 12 December 2016 Appointment of John Key 8 years, 23 days Appointment of Bill English 6 Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
Jim Bolger
Jenny Shipley
Helen Clark
John Key
12 December 2016 26 October 2017 Appointment of Bill English 318 days Appointment of Jacinda Ardern 7 Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
Jim Bolger
Jenny Shipley
Helen Clark
John Key
Bill English
26 October 2017 present Appointment of Jacinda Ardern 352 days present 8 Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
Jim Bolger
Jenny Shipley
Helen Clark
John Key
Bill English
Jacinda Ardern

Statistics


See also

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