Liverpool Wavertree (UK Parliament constituency)

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Liverpool, Wavertree
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Liverpool, Wavertree in Merseyside.
Outline map
Location of Merseyside within England.
County Merseyside
Electorate 61,679 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of parliament Luciana Berger
Number of members One
Created from Liverpool Broadgreen, Liverpool Mossley Hill
19181983
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Liverpool Broadgreen, Liverpool Mossley Hill and Liverpool Garston[2]
Created from Liverpool East Toxteth and Liverpool Walton
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Liverpool, Wavertree is a borough constituency[n 1] of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.[n 2] It was created in 1997 and has been held continuously for Labour, currently by Luciana Berger. An earlier constituency of the same name existed between 1918 and 1983, but lay further to the south-east, and was a predominantly Conservative seat.

Boundaries

1918-1950: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Allerton, Childwall and Little Woolton, Garston, Much Woolton, Wavertree, and Wavertree West.

1950-1983: The County Borough of Liverpool wards of Old Swan, Wavertree, and Wavertree West.

1997-2010: The City of Liverpool wards of Broadgreen, Childwall, Church, Kensington, Old Swan, and Picton.

2010–present: The City of Liverpool wards of Childwall, Church, Kensington and Fairfield, Old Swan, Picton, and Wavertree.

The constituency is one of five covering the city of Liverpool, and covers the localities in the eastern parts of the city such as Wavertree, Broadgreen, Childwall, Edge Hill, Kensington, Fairfield, part of Mossley Hill and Old Swan.

History

The present Liverpool Wavertree constituency dates from 1997. It contained parts of the former constituencies of Liverpool Broadgreen and Liverpool Mossley Hill. It was held by Jane Kennedy of the Labour Party from 1997-2010, who was also the former MP for Liverpool Broadgreen. The Liberal Democrats are the main and realistic challenge to Labour since 1997, as is the case in other Liverpool constituencies. At the 2005 general election, the Labour lead over the Liberal Democrats was cut from 38 points to 15 points.[3] At the 2010 general election, Jane Kennedy retired, and Luciana Berger was selected as the official Labour candidate, which caused some friction in the local CLP; especially due to her close connection with Kennedy.[4]

An earlier Liverpool Wavertree constituency existed until 1983; this was further to the south-east in the city and was predominantly a Conservative seat, occasionally with large majorities. It had been created in 1918, but a declining population in the 1970s caused it to be split between Liverpool Garston and the newly-formed Liverpool Broadgreen and Liverpool Mossley Hill constituencies. While the Conservatives have fared badly in the new Wavertree constituency (polling under 7% at the 2005 general election), a direct comparison must take into account the differing boundaries since the 1997 recreation,[3] with more inner-city areas, home to constituents on a lower income than the average in the North West[5] and traditionally less sympathetic to Conservative policies. The 2015 general election result made the seat the seventh-safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[6]

At the 2010 general election, the Liberal Democrats targeting of the seat led to high turnout[7] however it was comfortably retained by Labour with a 2.1% swing away from the Liberal Democrats. The unexpected turnout led unusually to one polling station running out of ballot papers.[7]

Members of Parliament

Election Member[8] Party
1918 Nathan Raw Coalition Conservative
1922 Sir Harold Smith Conservative
1923 Hugh Reynolds Rathbone Liberal
1924 John Abraham Tinne Conservative
1931 by-election Ronald Nall-Cain Conservative
1935 by-election Joseph Jackson Cleary Labour
1935 Peter Stapleton Shaw Conservative
1945 Victor Raikes Conservative
1950 John Tilney Conservative
Feb 1974 Anthony Steen Conservative
1983 Constituency abolished
1997 Jane Kennedy Labour
2010 Luciana Berger Labour Co-operative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2017: Liverpool Wavertree[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Luciana Berger 34,717 79.5 +10.2
Conservative Denise Haddad 5,251 12.0 +2.0
Liberal Democrat Richard Kemp 2,858 6.5 +0.5
Green Ted Grant 598 1.4 -3.8
Independent Adam Heatherington 216 0.5 N/A
Majority 29,466 67.5 +8.2
Turnout 43,640 70.1
Labour Co-op hold Swing +4.1
General Election 2015: Liverpool Wavertree[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Luciana Berger 28,401 69.3 +16.2
Conservative James Pearson 4,098 10.0 +2.5
UKIP Adam Heatherington 3,375 8.2 +5.9
Liberal Democrat Leo Evans 2,454 6.0 -28.2
Green Peter Cranie 2,140 5.2 +3.6
TUSC David Walsh 362 0.9 N/A
Independent Niamh McCarthy 144 0.4 N/A
Majority 24,303 59.3 +40.4
Turnout 40,974 66.4 +5.8
Labour Co-op hold Swing +6.9
General Election 2010: Liverpool Wavertree[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Luciana Berger 20,132 53.1 +0.7
Liberal Democrat Colin Eldridge 12,965 34.2 −3.5
Conservative Andrew Garnett 2,830 7.5 +1.0
UKIP Neil Miney 890 2.3 +0.4
Green Rebecca Lawson 598 1.6 N/A
Socialist Labour Kim Singleton 200 0.5 −0.2
BNP Steven McEllenborough 150 0.4 N/A
Majority 7,167 18.9
Turnout 37,914 60.6 12.8
Labour Co-op hold Swing +2.1

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: Liverpool Wavertree[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jane Kennedy 18,441 52.4 −10.3
Liberal Democrat Colin Eldridge 13,268 37.7 +13.3
Conservative Jason W. Steen 2,331 6.6 −3.0
UKIP Mark E. Bill 660 1.9 +0.8
Socialist Labour Gary Theys 244 0.7 −0.4
Democratic Socialist Alliance Paul Filby 227 0.6 −0.5
Majority 5,173 14.7 −23.9
Turnout 35,171 50.8 +6.5
Labour hold Swing −11.8
General Election 2001: Liverpool Wavertree[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jane Kennedy 20,155 62.7 −1.7
Liberal Democrat Christopher Newby 7,836 24.4 +2.9
Conservative Geoffrey Allen 3,091 9.6 −1.2
Socialist Labour Michael Lane 359 1.1 N/A
Socialist Alliance Mark O'Brien 349 1.1 N/A
UKIP Neil Miney 348 1.1 N/A
Majority 12,319 38.3 −4.6
Turnout 32,138 44.3 −18.4
Labour hold Swing −2.3

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1997: Liverpool Wavertree[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jane Kennedy 29,592 64.4 +23.1
Liberal Democrat Richard C. Kemp 9,891 21.5 −13.2
Conservative Kit Malthouse 4,944 10.8 −1.7
Referendum Peter A. Worthington 576 1.3 N/A
Liberal Keith McCullough 391 0.9 N/A
ProLife Alliance Racheal A. Kingsley 346 0.8 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Carole Corkhill 178 0.4 N/A
Majority 19,701 42.9 N/A
Turnout 45,918 62.7 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1979: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Steen 21,770 50.27
Labour Roy Morris 14,828 34.24
Liberal C. W. Roberts 6,705 15.48
Majority 6,942 16.03
Turnout 73.35
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Steen 18,971 45.85
Labour Roy Morris 16,216 39.19
Liberal Anthony Limont 6,193 14.97
Majority 2,755 6.66
Turnout 69.29
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Steen 19,027 43.02
Labour Ian Levin 13,752 31.09
Liberal Cyril Carr 11,450 25.89
Majority 5,275 11.93
Turnout 74.80
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Tilney 19,127 46.62
Liberal Cyril Carr 11,650 28.39 +11.2
Labour Gordon Woodburn 10,253 24.99
Majority 7,477 18.22
Turnout 69.22
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1960s

General Election 1966: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Tilney 19,179 48.58
Labour Robert Ashcroft 13,529 34.27
Liberal Cyril Carr 6,771 17.15
Majority 5,650 14.31
Turnout 70.97
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Tilney 20,598 49.45
Labour Stanley Thorne 12,338 29.62
Liberal Cyril Carr 8,719 20.93
Majority 8,260 19.83
Turnout 73.74
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1959: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Tilney 26,624 63.12
Labour Milicent Aspin 10,392 24.64
Liberal Tom Stuttard Rothwell 5,161 12.24
Majority 16,232 38.49
Turnout 75.75
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Tilney 28,172 69.18
Labour Milicent Aspin 12,552 30.82
Majority 15,620 38.36
Turnout 70.84
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Tilney 28,179 58.85
Labour William Hamling 19,702 41.15
Majority 8,477 17.70
Turnout 78.32
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Tilney 26,164 52.08
Labour William Hamling 18,559 36.94
Liberal Thomas John Vernon Parry 5,512 10.97
Majority 7,605 15.14
Turnout 82.42
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s

General Election 1945: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Victor Raikes 25,470 48.2 −10.3
Labour Derek Maurice Van Abbé 20,249 38.4 −3.1
Liberal Leslie Hall Storey 7,063 13.4 N/A
Majority 5,221 9.8 −7.2
Turnout 73.1 −0.1
Conservative hold Swing −3.6

A general election was planned for 1939/1940 but was postponed because of war. By the end of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s

General Election 1935: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Stapleton Shaw 26,915 58.5 +27.3
Labour Joseph Cleary 19,068 41.5 +6.1
Majority 7,847 17.0
Turnout 45,983 73.2 +0.9
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +10.6
Liverpool Wavertree by-election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Cleary 15,611 35.3 +13.2
Conservative James Platt 13,711 31.2 −46.7
Ind. Conservative Randolph Churchill 10,575 23.9 N/A
Liberal Tudor Artro Morris 4,208 9.5 N/A
Majority 1,840 4.1
Turnout 44,165 72.3 −2.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing −30.0
General Election 1931: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ronald Nall-Cain 33,476 77.9 +12.9
Labour Colin Clark 9,504 22.1 −12.9
Majority 23,972 55.8 +25.8
Turnout 42,980 75.2
Conservative hold Swing +12.9
Liverpool Wavertree by-election, 1931
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ronald Nall-Cain 18,687 65.0 +25.0
Labour Samuel Lewis Treleaven 10,042 35.0 +2.8
Majority 8,645 30.0 +22.2
Turnout 28,729 51.7 −26.4
Conservative hold Swing 11.2

Elections in the 1920s

General Election 1929: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Tinné 16,880 40.0 −7.4
Labour Samuel Lewis Treleaven 13,585 32.2 −2.8
Liberal Hugh Rathbone 11,723 27.8 +10.2
Majority 3,295 7.8 −4.6
Turnout 42,188 78.1 −2.2
Registered electors 53,989
Unionist hold Swing −2.3
General Election 1924: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Tinné 14,063 47.4 +12.7
Labour William Robinson 10,383 35.0 +7.0
Liberal Hugh Rathbone 5,206 17.6 −19.7
Majority 3,680 12.4 N/A
Turnout 29,652 80.3 +8.4
Registered electors 36,936
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +16.2
General Election 1923: Liverpool Wavertree[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hugh Rathbone 9,349 37.3 N/A
Unionist Harold Smith 8,700 34.7 −26.9
Labour James Vint Laughland 7,025 28.0 −10.4
Majority 649 2.6 N/A
Turnout 25,074 71.9 +2.4
Registered electors 34,869
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing N/A
General Election 1922: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Harold Smith 14,372 61.6 +1.7
Labour James Vint Laughland 8,941 38.4 +11.4
Majority 5,431 23.2 −9.7
Turnout 23,313 69.5 +9.0
Registered electors 33,558
Unionist hold Swing −4.9

Elections in the 1910s

General Election 1918
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Nathan Raw 11,326 59.9 N/A
Labour Charles Wilson 5,103 27.0 N/A
Liberal Alfred Allen Booth 2,484 13.1 N/A
Majority 6,223 32.9 N/A
Turnout 18,913 60.5 N/A
Registered electors 31,262
Unionist win (new seat)
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ "'Liverpool Wavertree', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Electoral Commission - Previous UK general elections". www.electoralcommission.org.uk.
  4. ^ Brown, Jonathan (23 April 2010). "Crash landing for Labour candidate parachuted into Liverpool". The Independent. London. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
  6. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  7. ^ a b "BBC News - Liverpool polling station runs out of ballots". news.bbc.co.uk.
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)
  9. ^ http://liverpool.gov.uk/media/1356176/sopn-nop-liverpool-wavertree.docx
  10. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  11. ^ "Liverpool Wavertree". BBC News. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  13. ^ "BBC News - Election 2010 - Constituency - Liverpool Wavertree". news.bbc.co.uk.
  14. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
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