Liverpool South Parkway railway station

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Liverpool South Parkway
for Liverpool John Lennon Airport National Rail
Liverpool South Parkway.jpg
Location
Place Garston
Local authority Liverpool
Coordinates 53°21′28″N 2°53′23″W / 53.3577°N 2.8897°W / 53.3577; -2.8897Coordinates: 53°21′28″N 2°53′23″W / 53.3577°N 2.8897°W / 53.3577; -2.8897
Grid reference SJ408849
Operations
Station code LPY
Managed by Merseyrail
Number of platforms 6
DfT category B
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2013/14 Increase 1.785 million
2014/15 Increase 1.803 million
2015/16 Increase 1.893 million
2016/17 Increase 1.983 million
2017/18 Increase 2.247 million
– Interchange  Steady 772,875
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE Merseytravel
Zone C1/C2
History
11 June 2006 Opened
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Liverpool South Parkway
for Liverpool John Lennon Airport from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

Liverpool South Parkway station is a railway station and bus interchange in the Garston district of Liverpool, England. It serves, via a bus link, Liverpool John Lennon Airport in the neighbouring suburb of Speke, as well as providing an interchange between main line services and the Merseyrail rapid transit/commuter rail network.

The station is located towards the southern end of Merseyrail's Northern Line and on the junction of two main lines: the City Line from Liverpool to Manchester via Warrington and the Liverpool branch of the West Coast Main Line to London via Crewe.

Allerton Traction Maintenance Depot is situated to the immediate east of the station.

History

The entrance to Liverpool South Parkway
Exterior shot of Liverpool South Parkway

The station was built at a crossing point between two railway lines that had until then been served by separate stations. The first was the Cheshire Lines Committee (CLC) line from Liverpool Central to Manchester via Warrington Central, which ran from west to east. The second was the line built by the St Helens Railway from Liverpool Lime Street to Warrington Bank Quay, which crossed from northwest to southeast. The latter route became part of the Liverpool branch of the West Coast Main Line when it was connected to a new route from Crewe via the newly-built Runcorn Railway Bridge. The original line to Warrington Bank Quay is now closed to passenger trains. The two lines were served by two separate stations in the area, respectively Garston and Allerton (though the latter was also located in Garston).

The first proposals for an interchange station at Garston were made in the 1960s and 1970s, when the Merseyrail semi-underground network was being planned. At the time, the suggestion was that the new station and Broad Green would be interchanges between long distance trains and trains on an outer orbital line (the North Liverpool Extension Line).[1] However, the latter line closed in 1972.[2] The line from Liverpool Central to Garston was also closed in 1972, with trains on the CLC route being diverted to Liverpool Lime Street. The route from Liverpool Central to Garston was reopened in 1978 as part of the Merseyrail Northern Line. After 1983, this route was extended to Hunts Cross, the next station to the east.

As the orbital route had been closed, the impetus to eventually complete the station was to improve public transport access to the expanding Liverpool John Lennon Airport, and also to provide new journey opportunities for rail passengers in south Liverpool by giving easy interchange between Northern Line, City Line and West Coast Main Line services.

Construction began in 2004. Allerton station closed in July 2005 and the new station was built on its site. The concourse, bus station and car park were built on land that was once the home of South Liverpool F.C. An information board situated on the footpath towards the main road explains the history of the site. The station opened on 11 June 2006, the day after Garston station closed.

At the time of opening, the Merseyrail City Line service (which had been hourly at the former Allerton station) was increased to half-hourly. The station also became an additional stop on the Liverpool-Birmingham service (then operated by Central Trains). From 11 December 2006, the Monday-Saturday evening service on the Northern Line was increased to run every 15 minutes, instead of half-hourly as previously.

Initially, many long-distance services omitted Liverpool South Parkway from their timetables, however more train services were gradually introduced. In December 2008 the Birmingham service was doubled in frequency,[3] and East Midlands Trains services began calling at the station.[4]

In December 2010 a further service was introduced, when First TransPennine Express services added the station as an extra stop on their services from Liverpool to York and Scarborough.

In May 2011, Blackpool North services which operated from Lime Street were extended to start and terminate at Liverpool South Parkway. The service is operated by Northern and does not call at stations between South Parkway and Lime Street. The service from Lime Street is unchanged. Trains travelling from Blackpool North to Liverpool South Parkway have a 15-minute dwelling time at Liverpool Lime Street.

In early 2017 Liverpool South Parkway served as a temporary hub for national trains whilst Lime Street was closed due to a landslide.[5] In September of the year, platform 4 was temporarily extended by 150 metres to allow intercity services to serve the station whilst Lime Street station is shut due to refurbishment work.[6] In mid 2018 the station again acted as a hub whilst Lime Street was upgraded.[7]

Criticism

Originally scheduled to open in December 2005, the project fell behind schedule, and finally opened on 11 June 2006. The construction cost, originally estimated to be £16 million, had doubled to £32 million by the time construction was completed. Merseytravel rejected criticism of the delays and cost increase, stating that it had been caused by factors beyond its control, such as the collapse of Railtrack, increasing steel costs and poor weather causing flooding at the construction site.[8]

Tom Wileman, regional director of bus operator Stagecoach, described Liverpool South Parkway as a "white elephant".[9] However, from 28 September 2008 Stagecoach service 82 was rerouted to serve the station;[10] and from December 2008, trains operated by Stagecoach-owned East Midlands Trains began calling.

Facilities

Railways around Liverpool South Parkway
Cressington
West Allerton
Garston
Platforms 5–6
Platforms 1–4
Hunts Cross
Runcorn
to Crewe

The station has six platforms (four high-level platforms on the West Coast Main Line and a further two on the Northern Line), a bus station for local bus services, taxi rank, car park, bicycle storage, café and passenger lounge.

The station has been designed to use environmentally friendly techniques wherever possible. Some of the building's electricity is provided by photovoltaic cells. A 700,000 litre rainwater harvesting system has also been installed to reduce the use of mains water. This water will be used for cleaning and washing, as well as toilet flushes. All timber used has been certified by the Forest Stewardship Council as being from a well-managed forest. The roof is made from recycled aluminium instead of virgin materials.[11] The automatic doors at each of the five bus stances open only when a bus arrives, enhancing safety but also retaining heat within the building and avoiding excessive openings of the doors. The free-access main entrance uses a revolving door to avoid draughts.

In August 2006, Liverpool South Parkway won the Innovation Award at Network Rail's annual Environment Awards.[12]

In June 2009 the station underwent some enhancements, and saw the introduction of a new travel centre and a heated passenger lounge with wifi internet access, comfortable chairs and free newspapers, adjacent to the café; ticket barriers at both ends of the concourse were also installed.

A ticket vending machine, allowing collection of tickets booked online, was installed in July 2014.

In November 2016, an MtoGo shop was opened, selling a range of snacks and drinks alongside tickets.[13] This replaced the former travel centre, which was converted into a Costa Coffee outlet in the summer of 2017.

Services

Merseyrail Northern Line train at the station

On the Northern Line (Platforms 5 and 6), trains run every 15 minutes, Monday to Saturday, to Southport via Liverpool Central, with a half-hourly service on Sundays.[14]

On the high-level platforms (1 and 2), Northern provide three trains per hour on the City Line. Two trains per hour (one per hour on Sundays) operate a stopping service, calling at most stations between Liverpool Lime Street and Manchester Oxford Road. An hourly semi-fast service runs to Manchester Airport.[15]

The East Midlands Railway service from Liverpool to Nottingham and Norwich) serves the station hourly.

London Northwestern Railway services between Liverpool Lime Street and Birmingham New Street call at Liverpool South Parkway. The service runs half-hourly Monday to Saturday, and hourly on Sundays. Selected services use platform 3.[16]As of May 2019, many services continue to London Euston via Northampton

Transport for Wales services between Liverpool Lime Street and Chester serve the station hourly, with a single early evening service extended to Wrexham General.

Virgin Trains services do not normally serve the station. The platforms are not long enough to accommodate a 9 or 11 coach Pendolino train. However, platform 4 was temporarily extended in 2017 to permit Virgin services to use the station while Lime Street was closed for major engineering works in Autumn 2017 and Summer 2018.

Bus services run from the station to Liverpool John Lennon Airport, Aigburth, Dingle, Mossley Hill and Liverpool City Centre. Services are operated by Arriva North West, Stagecoach Merseyside and HTL Buses.

Passengers can use local services 80A and 86A for transfer to/from the airport. The Arriva AirLink 500 express service also calls here. Combined bus-rail tickets are available for rail passengers wishing to travel to the airport.

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Cressington
towards Southport
  Merseyrail
Northern Line
  Hunts Cross
Terminus
Liverpool Lime Street   Northern
Liverpool to Manchester Line
  Warrington Central
West Allerton     Hunts Cross
Liverpool Lime Street   London Northwestern Railway
Birmingham New Street - Liverpool Lime Street
  Runcorn
Liverpool Lime Street   East Midlands Railway
Liverpool - Norwich
  Widnes
    Hunts Cross
Liverpool Lime Street   Transport for Wales
Halton Curve
  Runcorn

Former services

From 23 May 2011, Northern Rail introduced direct services to Blackpool North. This was achieved by extending the existing Blackpool to Liverpool service. Trains ran non-stop from Liverpool South Parkway to Liverpool Lime Street, where they reversed to continue their journey to Blackpool. Seven trains operated Monday-Saturday, all outside the peaks with no direct evening or Sunday service.[17][18] This service ceased to serve South Parkway in May 2018, reverting to operate between Liverpool Lime Street and Blackpool North only.

TransPennine Express trains served the station with an hourly service to Scarborough from December 2010. This ended in May 2018 when TransPennine services were rerouted to use the Chat Moss route between Liverpool and Manchester via Newton-le-Willows.

A shuttle bus formerly provided a link to the National Trust's property at Speke Hall, running weekends and bank holidays between April and September.[19]

Future

Merseytravel have stated that they aim to work with the train operators to improve the train service at Liverpool South Parkway, introducing new services with each twice-yearly timetable change.

Other new services which have been proposed but not confirmed are:

Proposals for High Speed 2 raise the possibility of London trains calling at Liverpool South Parkway. This could be as part of the new high speed service to Liverpool or as part of a revised stopping pattern on the existing West Coast Main Line service.[20]

Airport tram-train proposal

In August 2009, it was reported that a new tram-train link to Liverpool John Lennon Airport and a link to Kings Dock from the east of the city had been proposed.[21] At Liverpool South Parkway, the tram-train would leave the existing railway line and seamlessly transfer to a new tramway. This project was referenced again in November 2016 in Merseytravel's Rail Development and Delivery presentation as a "top rail project".[22] During the presentation, Merseytravel's Senior Head of Service Operations revealed that there were no immediate plans to develop the rail link and its feasibility depended on the airport's passenger numbers increasing.[23]

Accidents and incidents

On 6 October 2017 a train derailed near the station.[24] The incident occurred at low speed while not in passenger service. There were no injuries.[25]

References

  1. ^ Cheshire Lines Committee Lines: North Liverpool Extension Line, Southport and Cheshire Lines Extension Railway, Garston and Liverpool Railway. 2010. ISBN 1158356277.
  2. ^ Maund, T.B. (2001). Merseyrail electrics: the inside story. Sheffield: NBC Books. OCLC 655126526.
  3. ^ "West Coast 2008 Timetable". Department for Transport. Archived from the original (pdf) on 30 August 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ "Liverpool South Parkway takes off!". Merseytravel. 13 October 2008. Archived from the original on 26 December 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. ^ "No trains 'for days' after wall collapse". 1 March 2017. Retrieved 15 October 2017 – via www.BBC.co.uk.
  6. ^ "NR extends platform at Liverpool South Parkway ahead of Lime Street upgrade". www.railtechnologymagazine.com. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  7. ^ Liverpool Lime Street reopens after eight-week closure
  8. ^ Neild, Larry (30 March 2006). "Cost of Liverpool rail hub doubles to £32m". Liverpool Daily Post.
  9. ^ Higgerson, David (6 February 2006). "£30m wasted on doomed tram project, says Arriva". Liverpool Daily Post.
  10. ^ "Changes to Bus Services from 28 September 2008" (PDF). Merseytravel. Archived from the original (pdf) on 7 June 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  11. ^ "Welcome to Liverpool South Parkway" (pdf). Merseytravel. Retrieved 6 October 2007. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Winners of the 2006 Awards". Network Rail. Retrieved 6 October 2007.
  13. ^ "Merseyrail Opens Tenth Mtogo and New Coffee Outlet at Liverpool South Parkway". Liverpool City Region Local Enterprise Partnership.
  14. ^ GB National Rail Timetable May 2016, Table 103 (Network Rail)
  15. ^ "Train Times: Liverpool to Manchester Piccadilly via Warrington Central (20 May 2018-8 December 2018)" (PDF). Northern.
  16. ^ GB National Rail Timetable May 2016, Table 91 (Network Rail)
  17. ^ "Train Times: Liverpool to Wigan, Preston and Blackpool (22 May - 10 December 2011)" (PDF). Northern Rail. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 November 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  18. ^ GB National Railway Timetable 2013-14, Tables 90 & 91
  19. ^ "All aboard the new Speke Hall Shuttle". Merseytravel. Archived from the original on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  20. ^ "High Speed 2 Technical Appendix" (PDF). Department for Transport. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2011. Retrieved 11 December 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  21. ^ Schofield, Ben (3 August 2009). "Tram link bid for Liverpool airport". Liverpool Daily Post. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
  22. ^ "Merseytravel Committee Rail Development and Delivery" (PDF). Merseytravel. Merseytravel. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  23. ^ "Merseytravel Committee - Minutes of previous meeting" (PDF). Merseytravel. Merseytravel. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  24. ^ Milne, Oliver (7 October 2017). "Delays and cancellations after train derails near Liverpool South Parkway". LiverpoolEcho.co.uk. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  25. ^ "Crewe- Liverpool services restored". MyNewsDesk.com. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 15 October 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)

External links

  • Station information for Liverpool South Parkway railway station from Merseyrail
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