Liu Zhen (PRC)

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Liu Zhen
刘震
Liuzhen1955.jpg
Commander of the Xinjiang Military Region
In office
July 1977 – January 1979
Chairman Mao Zedong
Personal details
Born 3 March 1915
Xiaogan County, Hubei Province, China
Died August 20, 1992(1992-08-20) (aged 77)
Beijing, China
Alma mater Counter-Japanese Military and Political University
Awards

中国人民解放军一级八一勋章的略章.png Order of Bayi (First Class)
中国人民解放军一级独立自由勋章的略章.png Order of Independence and Freedom (First Class)

中国人民解放军一级解放勋章的略章.PNG Order of Liberation (China) (First Class)
Military service
Allegiance  China
Service/branch People's Liberation Army Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Liberation Army
中國工農紅軍軍旗.svg Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army
Years of service 1930–1922
Rank PLAGeneral r.png General
Commands Commander of the Shenyang Military Region
Battles/wars Second Sino-Japanese War, Battle of Pingxingguan, Chinese Civil War, Korean War

Liu Zhen (Chinese: 刘震; pinyin: Liú Zhèn; 3 March 1915 – 20 August 1992), or Liu You'an (刘幼安), was a general in the Chinese People's Liberation Army.

Biography

Early life

Tang was born into a poor peasant household in Xiaogan County, Hubei Province.[1] As a youth, he joined the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army in 1930. He participated in guerrilla warfare against Nationalist Forces during the 3rd Encirclement Campaign. He joined the Chinese Communist Party in August 1932. In 1933, he was transferred into the 25th Red Army. As the political commissar for the 224th Regiment of the 75th Division of the Army, he participated in the assault of Changlinggang and attacking Taihu County.[2]

Following the Long March in November 1933, he was appointed as the joint political commissar (with Han Xianchu) for the 225th Regiment. The regiment scored various victories and Tang suffered multiple wounds during battle.[3] In 1936 he was enrolled into the Counter-Japanese Military and Political University and later made the political commissar for the 75th Division.[2]

During the Second Sino-Japanese War

Following the outbreak of war, the 75th Division was reorganized to become part of the 115th Division in the Eighth Route Army, participating in the Battle of Pingxingguan. Tang was also appointed as the Director of the Division’s Political Department.[4] He led forces to flank Japanese forces who were encroached in Taiyuan.

Following the New Fourth Army Incident, Tang was named the Commander of the 10th Brigade under the reformed Fourth Army. The Brigade would later be reorganized into the 3rd Division. In September 1942 he held various commands, such as being the Huaihai Army Division Commander, deputy secretary of the CPC Northern Region, Huaihai prefecture's party secretary. He participated in counter-offensives against the Imperial Japanese Army in Northern China.

Formation of the PRC

After the founding of the People's Republic of China, he participated in the Guangxi Campaign. During the Korean War, he was appointed Air Force Commander of the Chinese People's Volunteers.[5]

References

Leaders of the 3rd Division of the New Fourth Army (from left): Peng Mingzhi, Wu Xinquan, Yang Guangchi, Liu Zhen, Wu Wenyu, Hong Xuezhi, Li Yimang
  1. ^ 中国共产党新闻网资料. "刘震". CPC People. Retrieved 5 November 2017. 
  2. ^ a b 1165. "刘  震--中国共产党新闻--中国共产党新闻网". cpc.people.com.cn. Retrieved 2017-11-05. 
  3. ^ 王树增 (2006). 长征. 人民文学出版社. p. 493. ISBN 978-7-02-005798-6. 
  4. ^ 军事科学院军事图书馆 (2000). 中国人民解放军全史(中国人民解放军组织沿革和各级领导成员名录). 第十卷 (下). 北京: 军事科学出版社. p. 298. ISBN 7801373154. 
  5. ^ "抗美援朝空战中的刘震--中国共产党新闻-人民网". dangshi.people.com.cn. Retrieved 2017-11-05. 
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