Lityn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lityn is located in Vinnytsia Oblast
Lityn
Location in Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine

Lityn (Ukrainian: Літин, Polish: Lityn) is a town in Vinnytsia Oblast (province), located in the historic region of the Podilia. It is an administrative center of the Lityn Raion. Population: 6,742 (2015 est.)[1]

Location

The town is located near the Zghar River which is a left tributary of the Southern Bug. Lityn is situated 28 kilometers to the North-West from Vinnytsia on the one of the most frequently used for the connection between Ukraine and the EU roads - European route .

History

The date of the foundation of the town is not known. The oldest mention of it is in the edict of Duke of Podilia Fyodor Koriatovych of 1391. Since 1566 Lityn was a royal city located in the Bracław Voivodeship of Poland. After the Second Partition of Poland in 1793 it was annexed by the Russian Empire. Since 1797 Lityn was a county seat of the Russian Podolia Governorate. Folk hero Ustym Karmaliuk was imprisoned here; the prison where he was detained is now a part of the museum named after Karmaliuk, which is situated in Lityn.

In 1897 almost half of population of Lityn was practicing Judaism. Since March 1923, Lityn was a center of the Lityn Raion.

On the eve of World War II, there were 1,410 Jews living in the city. Between July 17, 1941 and March 20, 1944 the town was occupied by the Nazi Germany. On August 20, 1941, 56 young Jews were murdered. On December 19, 1941, about 1,800 Jews were shot at the nearby military base. In the middle of April 1942, a limited shooting of skilled workmen took place. The remaining Jews were killed in the fall of 1942. According to different sources, about 3,353-4,000 Jews were murdered in Lityn. The anti-Jewish actions were carried out by German gendarmeria, accompanied by Ukrainian auxiliary police and a special SD commando. Some Jews from Lityn survived the war because they were deported to the Zhmerynka ghetto which remained under Romanian occupation.[2]

Infrastructure

The Lityn's biggest taxpayer and employer is Litynskiy Milk Factory, which proceed up to 300 tons of milk and where a few hundreds of citizens are employed.
There is a number of other important institutions that include two schools, four libraries, two bazaars, regional hospital, cinema, stadium, one of the biggest in the oblast sport hall, a medium-security prison, and agricultural factories. The factories proceed and produce meet, bread, vegetables, wood etc.

Famous Residents

  • Ustym Karmaliuk was a Ukrainian peasant outlaw who became a folk hero. He is one of the most known Ukrainians who fought against serfage and often referred to as the "Ukrainian Robin Hood" and "the last Haydamak". He was born in 1787 in Lityn Region. There is the Ustym Karmeliuk's museum in Lityn.
  • David Bert'ie was a Professor of Art and famous Soviet musical conductor who was born in Lityn in 1882.
  • Yakiv Shepel' was a regional leader of the insurrection against bolsheviks in 1919-1921 as a member of the Ukrainian People's Army.
  • Mykola Bytynskiy was a famous Ukrainian artist, heraldist, vexillologist, and poet.
  • Sergiy Sobko is a soldier who fought in the War in Donbass and became a Hero of Ukraine was born in Lityn in 1984.

References

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  2. ^ http://yahadmap.org/#village/lityn-vinnytsia-ukraine.157

External links

Coordinates: 49°19′32″N 28°05′14″E / 49.3255°N 28.0872°E / 49.3255; 28.0872

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lityn&oldid=786352583"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lityn
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Lityn"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA